ABC Book . A. Abolitionism- the movement to end slavery . Anti-Federalist- Support the ratification of the Constitution. B. B rown, John- Militant Abolonist who led raid at Harper’s Ferry . Bleeding Kansas- Conflict between proslavery and anti-slavery people in K ansas from 1854-1859. C.
Abolitionism- the movement to end slavery.
Anti-Federalist- Support the ratification of the Constitution.
Brown, John- Militant Abolonist who led raid at Harper’s Ferry.
Bleeding Kansas- Conflict between proslavery and anti-slavery people in Kansas from 1854-1859.
Calhoun, John C.- Vice president of U.S; created a doctrine of nullification which said that a state could decide if a law was Constitutional.
Confederation- Untied in a league, alliance or Conspiracy
Dortheia Dix- Reformer who fought to improve the care of the mentally ill.
Dawes Act- Indian policy that broke up reservations into individual land plots.
Eli Whitney- Invented the cotton gin and interchangeable parts.
Establishing Colonies- Religious and Political Freedom.
Federalist- Support the ratification of the constitution.
Federalism- Power of the government.
Gadsden Purchase- Land purchased from Mexico In used to complete the transcontinental railroad.
Gibbous v. Odgen- Said that federal government had the power to regulate trade between states.
Hutchinson, Anne- Banished form Massachusetts colony; one of the founders of Rhode Island.
Homestead Act- Law that a person could Claim 160 acres of land in the western territory.
Individual Rights- the first 10 amendments of the constitution protect individual rights against the power of the government
Industrialization- An economy that begins to be based on factories rather than farming.
John Peter Zenger- Journalist; his trail helped establish idea of freedom of the press.
John Deere- Inventor of the steel plow.
Kansas Nebraska act- All were examples of the government compromises that actually spread slavery Further in the country.
King George III- King of England during the American Revolution.
Limited Government- placed strict limits on government to protect the people.
Lincoln, Abraham- President of the United States during the Civil War.
Morril Act- land grant that established agricultural universities.
Mercantilism- Economic system in which England controlled trade of the colonies.
Northwest Ordinance- established government for the Northwest Territory and described how a territory becomes a state.
Nullification Compromise- Henry Clays compromise to end the nullification crisis when the tariff would be lowered over a 10 year period.
Ordinance- a law or regulation.
Override- to overturn or defeat, as a bill proposed in congress.
Popular Sovereignty- Means the government was created by the people in order to govern themselves.
Public Education- Between 1830-1850 many northern states opened free public schools.
Quakers- Anti-Slavery movement of women rights and individuals.
Quincy Adams, John- 6th President member of congress & Favored strong Nationalism against states rights and opposed the pro slavery messages of John C. Calhoun.
Ralph Waldo Emerson- Writer and poet; popularized the idea of transcendentalism.
Reconstruction- The reorganization and rebuilding of the former confederate states after the Civil War.
Suffrage- the right to Vote.
Secession- to withdraw formally from an alliance federalization or association as from a political union a religious organization etc.
Transcendentalism- a philosophy emphasizing the spiritual importance in life over the material importance.
Transcontinial Railroad- Railroad line that linked the well developed railway network of the east coast with rapidly growing California.
Urbanization- Social process where cities grow and societies become more urban.
Unalienable Rights- Rights that cannot or should not be taken away by a government because they are given by God.
Virtue- the Quality of doing what is right and avoiding what is wrong.
Virginia Plan- the Virginia Plan each state would have a different number of representatives based on state population .
William Blackstone- Gave the 1st university lectures on English Common Law.
Wentworth Chesswell- Educated African American patriot made the same midnight ride as Paul Revere were warning that the British were coming.
Yorktown- Last major Battle of the war.
Yankee- Union Soldier.
Zenger, John Peter- Journalist; his trail helped establish idea of freedom of the press.