Skill in sport
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Skill in Sport. By the end of the lesson… ALL of you will understand what a skilful performance is, and know what open and closed skills are MOST of you will understand the skill continuum and be able to accurately place skills on a continuum

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Skill in Sport

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Skill in Sport

By the end of the lesson…

ALLof you will understand what a skilful performance is, and know what open and closed skills are

MOSTof you will understand the skill continuum and be able to accurately place skills on a continuum

SOMEof you will consider skills from your own sport and be able to apply the knowledge gained in this lesson to demonstrate a greater understanding of the skills necessary in your sport and the consequences it has on training.

Who is the most skilful?

  • Explain your reasons

  • Can you identify what skilful performance is? Write down what you think skilful performance is.

OK, how can you tell if somebody is skilful?

Definition of skill…

  • “Skill is the ability to bring out a pre-determined result, with maximum certainty and with minimum outlay of energy or time or both”

  • A skilful player is consistent, adaptable and efficient with both their energy and time when performing.

  • A skilful person is:

    • Consistent

    • Efficient

      • Time

      • Energy

    • Adaptable

  • Are you skilful?

    • Could you prove it?

  • There are different types of skill


    Different each time

    Constant reference to environment


    Set pattern of movement

    Initial or no reference to environment

    Which of the following are open skills? (a quick recap!)









    Skill in Sport (lesson 2)

    By the end of the lesson…

    ALL will understand what ability is how six different abilities contribute to skilful performance and how we learn new skills

    MOST should be able to explain which abilities are contributing to skills within your sport and how you have learnt the skills you can perform

    SOMEmight learn a new skill today or create a plan to learn one (wait and see!)

    The abilities that form the basis of skill.

    • Speed– the ability to move parts or the whole body over a specified distance in the quickest time possible

    • Agility – the ability to change direction at speed quickly

    • Co-ordination – the ability to link up the movement of different body parts and co-ordinate them with the eye

    • Flexibility– The range of movement allowed at a joint or series of joints.

    • Balance– the ability to control bodily movement

    • Reaction time– the ability to make decisions and start movement quickly

    4 main ways of learning skill

    • Practice

      • On your own

      • With others

    • Copying

      • Older relatives

      • People at school

      • People on TV

    • Trial and error

      • Learning by your mistakes

    • Role models

      • Your idols

      • People you want to be like

    • For each of these main ways of learning skill, come up with your own examples. How did you learn your skills?

    How did you learn the skills that you have?

    How long did it take?

    Who helped?

    Information Processing Model – catching a ball


    The display, sights, sounds etc. ples the feedback from last attempt

    e.g. ball travelling to your left

    Decision making

    Your brain works out what to do

    eg. move quickly to left and put out hands


    Moving to the left to catch the ball


    Intrinsic – muscle receptors tell you whether you have caught it

    Extrinsic – e.g. coach information

    How do you know if you have produced a good performance?


    • Internal

      • This comes from inside the body

        • Muscles give the brain information telling it what happened

        • Have you ever hit a ball really sweetly?

          • How did you know?

          • I bet it felt good

    • External

      • This is feedback from outside the body

        • What you see as a result of performance

          • The ball going in the back of the net

        • What others tell you

          • The coach

          • Team mates

    Feedback continued..

    Knowledge of results (KR)

    • This tells you what happened

      • You won the game

      • You hit the bar

      • You came third in the race

    • It isn’t that effective as a form of feedback

      Knowledge of performance (KP)

    • This tells you how it happened

      • How you performed

      • What you did well

      • Where you can improve

    • It is a much more effective form of feedback

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