Effects of teak plantations on water supply at kvtc
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Effects of Teak Plantations on Water Supply at KVTC. HJ van Hensbergen for Dave Scott. Trees and Water Use. Trees use water to cool. Trees use water for transport of nutrients. Trees use water to grow. Big trees use more water. Trees with big leaves use more water.

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Effects of Teak Plantations on Water Supply at KVTC

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Effects of teak plantations on water supply at kvtc

Effects of Teak Plantations on Water Supply at KVTC

HJ van Hensbergen

for

Dave Scott


Trees and water use

Trees and Water Use

  • Trees use water to cool.

  • Trees use water for transport of nutrients.

  • Trees use water to grow.

  • Big trees use more water.

  • Trees with big leaves use more water.

  • This does not necessarily mean that teak at Kilombero will reduce streamflow.


Hydrology of kilombero

Hydrology of Kilombero

  • Rainfall is approximately 1550mm

    • Ranging from less than 1000 C20yr low to more than 2100 C20yr high

  • High temperatures lead to high evaporation.

  • Some water is lost during storms as overland flow.

  • Rest is effective rainfall.

    • Interception loss

  • Net Rainfall

    • Available to vegetation

  • Tree growth at KVTC reflects water availability.

    • Trees use most or all of the water where they grow.

    • Models developed for South Africa can be used to model this situation.


Teak and streamflow

Teak and Streamflow.

  • If teak was planted over entire catchments it could have a serious effect on streamflow.

  • The situation at KVTC is different there is likely to be little effect on streamflow.


Area planted

Area Planted

15000ha of which 3636 could be planted 24%


Position in catchment

Position in Catchment

Upper Catchment

High Rainfall

Teak

Lower Catchment

Low Rainfall


Spread across many catchments

Spread across many Catchments

Effect on any one catchment small.


Effects on streamflow

Effects on Streamflow

  • Baseflow

    • Little effect because there is only a very small surplus over evaporation at teak sites in any case.

  • Stormflow

    • Little effect because most of this is from overland flow.

    • Any teak effect would be positive by slowing release and improving interception.


Recommendations of report

Recommendations of Report

  • Monitoring of Rainfall

  • Monitoring of Streamflow

  • Road design construction and maintenance to reduce possible impact on water quality


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