NPOESS
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 28

A Tri-agency Effort to Leverage and Combine Environmental Satellite Activities PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 120 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System Satellite Direct Readout Conference for the Americas John D. Cunningham System Program Director Integrated Program Office 11 December 2002. METOP. NPOESS. NPOESS. Specialized Satellites. NPOESS.

Download Presentation

A Tri-agency Effort to Leverage and Combine Environmental Satellite Activities

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


A tri agency effort to leverage and combine environmental satellite activities

NPOESSNational Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite SystemSatellite Direct Readout Conference for the AmericasJohn D. CunninghamSystem Program DirectorIntegrated Program Office11 December 2002


A tri agency effort to leverage and combine environmental satellite activities

METOP

NPOESS

NPOESS

Specialized Satellites

NPOESS

A Tri-agency Effort to Leverage and Combine Environmental Satellite Activities

Mission

Provide a national, operational, polar-orbiting remote-sensing capability

Achieve National Performance Review (NPR) savings by converging DoD and NOAA satellite programs

Incorporate new technologies from NASA

Encourage International Cooperation

0530

1330

0930

Local Equatorial Crossing Time

Saves $1.6B through System Life Cycle compared to NPR target of $1.3B

NPOESS is Good Government!


Npoess

NPOESS

NPOESS is required to provide an OPERATIONAL remote sensing capability to acquire and receive in real-time at field terminals, and to acquire, store and disseminate to processing centers, GLOBAL and regional environmental imagery and specialized METEOROLOGICAL, CLIMATIC, TERRESTRIAL, OCEANOGRAPHIC and SOLAR-GEOPHYSICAL and other data in support of CIVILIAN and NATIONALSECURITY missions


National importance

National Importance

  • Military Community

    • Shift tactical and strategic focus from “coping with weather” to anticipating and exploiting atmospheric and space environmental conditions

  • Civilian Community

    • Timely, accurate, and cost-effective public warnings and forecasts of severe weather events, reduce the potential loss of human life and property and advance the national economy

    • Support of general aviation, agriculture, and maritime communities aimed at increasing U.S. productivity

    • Commitment to support long-term data continuity for environmental monitoring and Global Change assessment

NPOESS Goal: Improve the Nation’s Space-Based, Remote Sensing Capabilities for Environmental Monitoring


Establishing npoess

Establishing NPOESS

  • National Space Council Study - 1992

  • National Performance Review (NPR) - September 1993

    • Identified Need for Coordinated Effort

  • OSTP Convergence Implementation Plan submitted to Congress - May 1994

  • Presidential Decision Directive/NSTC-2 - May 1994

    • Directed Convergence of National Assets

  • Tri-agency Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) - May 1995

    • Established Roles and Responsibilities of Department of Defense, Department of Commerce, and NASA

  • EUMETSAT/NOAA Initial Joint Polar Agreement - November 1998

    • Brought in International Community


Two polar orbiting systems

Two Polar-orbiting Systems

DMSP (Defense Meteorological Satellite Program)

  • Currently

    • F-14 Launched December 1994

    • F-15 Launched December 1999

    • F-16 Planned for May 2003

POES (Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite)

  • First Launched April 1, 1960

  • Currently

    • NOAA-15 Launched May 1998

    • NOAA-16 Launched Sep 2000

    • NOAA-17 Launched Jun 2002


Dmsp poes to npoess convergence evolution of mission areas

NPOESS

DMSP/POES to NPOESS Convergence & Evolution of Mission Areas

DoD/AF

DoD/AF

DMSP

Block 6

Military

Tri-Agency

-Imaging

- μwaveSounding

-Space Environment

-Under DMSP SPO

CONVERGENCE

DOC/NOAA

DOC/NOAA

  • Imaging

  • Sounding

  • Climate

  • Ozone

  • Space Environment

  • Under Integrated

  • Program Office

POES

OPQR

Civil

-Imaging

-Sounding

-Climate

-Ozone

-Space Environment

-Under POES Prog Office

Discontinued


A tri agency effort to leverage and combine environmental satellite activities

F17

F19

WindSat/Coriolis

F15

F16

N

16

C2

N’

Satellite Transition Schedule(DMSP 2yr launch centers, NPOESS GAP 6c NLF input)Slopes indicate 10-90% need

CY

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

----------------10 Year Mission Life-------------------

0530

F20

C3

C6

NPOESS

DMSP

C4

F18

C1

NPOESS

DMSP

NPOESS

0730 - 1030

17

POES

METOP

EOS-Terra

Local Equatorial Crossing Time

NPP

C5

NPOESS

POES

1330

Earliest Need to back-up launch

EOS-Aqua

Mission

Satisfaction

S/C

Deliveries

Earliest Availability

FY

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

S/C delivery interval driven by 15 month IAT schedule

As of: 20 Oct 02

Most probable launch date

Launch date based on backup need


Npoess requirements

NPOESS Requirements

Convergence of Alternatives

  • Integrated Operational Requirements Document (IORD-I)

    • 59 Data Products

    • 9 Enhancement Products

    • 1 System Characteristic KPP

  • Validated by JARC 1996

  • IORD-II

    • 55 Data Products

    • 21 Enhancement Products

    • 2 System Characteristic KPPs

  • Validated by JARC Dec 2001

Convergence of Requirements

Converged requirements provide foundation for combined program

First success after eight previous attempts


Sea surface temperature sst

IORD Content Example

Sea Surface Temperature (SST)

  • Sea Surface Temperature is defined as a highly precise measurement of the temperature of the surface layer (upper 1 meter) of ocean water. It has two major applications: 1) sea surface phenomenology, and 2) use in infrared cloud/no cloud decision for processed cloud data. The accompanying requirements apply only under clear conditions (unless specified otherwise).


A tri agency effort to leverage and combine environmental satellite activities

Atm Vert Moist Profile

Precipitable Water

Cloud Top Pressure

Atm Vert Temp Profile

Cloud Top Temperature

Precipitation Type/Rate

Imagery

Down LW Radiance (Sfc)

Pressure (Surface/Profile)

Sea Surface Temperature

Down SW Radiance (Sfc)

Sea Ice Characterization

Sea Surface Winds

Electric Fields

Sea SFC Height/TOPO

Soil Moisture

Electron Density Profile

Snow Cover/Depth

Energetic Ions

Aerosol Optical Thickness

Solar Irradiance

Aerosol Particle Size

Geomagnetic Field

Supra-Therm-Aurora Prop

Ice Surface Temperature

Aerosol Refractive Index

Surface Type

Albedo (Surface)

In-situ Plasma Fluctuation

Surface Wind Stress

Auroral Boundary

In-situ Plasma Temp

Suspended Matter

Ionospheric Scintillation

Auroral Energy Deposition

Total Water Content

Aeroral Imagery

Med Energy Chgd Parts

Vegatative Index

Land Surface Temp

Cloud Base Height

Net Heat Flux

Cloud Cover/Layers

VIIRS

GPSOS

Net Solar Radiation (TOA)

Cloud Effective Part Size

CMIS

ERBS

Neutral Density Profile

TSIS

Cloud Ice Water Path

CrIS/ATMS

ALT

OMPS

Cloud Liquid Water

Ocean Color/Chlorophyll

SES

APS

Cloud Optical Thickness

Ocean Wave Character

LEGEND

Cloud Particle Size/Distrib

Outgoing LW Rad (TOA)

- KPPs

Cloud Top Height

O3 – Total Column Profile

Environmental Data Records

By Sensor


A tri agency effort to leverage and combine environmental satellite activities

- KPPs

Environmental Data Records

By Discipline

LEGEND


Npoess program vision

NPOESS Program Vision

The IPO and TRW/Raytheon team:

Working in a spirit of shared ownership

to develop and deploy

the single, national, polar-orbiting environmental

remote-sensing capability

to meet next-generation civil and military needs

Breaking the Mold!

Thinking “Out of the Box”

Working Together

Creating Success

The only thing they pay us for!


Npoess payloads

NPOESS Instruments

METOP

NPP

0930

0530

0930

1330

1030

IPO Developed

Visible/IR Imager Radiometer Suite (VIIRS)* X X X X (AVHRR)X

Cross-track IR Sounder (CrIS)* X X X (IASI/HIRS)X

Conical MW Imager/Sounder (CMIS)* X X X

Ozone Mapper/Profiler Suite (OMPS) X X (GOME)X

GPS Occultation Sensor (GPSOS) X X (GRAS)

Space Environmental Sensor Suite (SESS) X X (SEM)

Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor (APS) X

Leveraged

Advanced Technology MW Sounder (ATMS)* X X X (AMSU/MHS)X

ARGOS-Data Collection System (A-DCS) X X X

Search and Rescue (SARSAT) X X X X

Earth Radiation Budget Sensor (ERBS) X

Total Solar Irradiance Sensor (TSIS) X

Radar altimeter (ALT) X

Advanced Scatterometer (ASCAT) X

NPOESS Payloads

* Critical instrument - Failure constitutes need to replace satellite


Npoess segment architecture

TDRSS

GPS

Space Segment

1330

NPP

Residual Satellites

1730

2130

ADCS

Launch Support Segment

SARSAT

Field Terminal Segment

CLASS

Supplied by NOAA

Supplied by NASA

ADS

SDS

NAVO

FNMOC

AFWA

NESDIS

Data Handling Node

Front End

Processor

Interface Data Processing Segment

NPOESS Segment Architecture

Svalbard

Primary T&C

NPP SMD

WSCLEO&A

Backup T&C

15 Globally Distributed Receptor Sites

MMC at Schriever

Alternate Operations Team

MMC at Suitland

Flight Operations Team

C3 Segment


Policy and planning

Policy and Planning

  • NPOESS will deliver data to users world-wide in accordance with US national data policy

    • Data will be broadcast openly around the world at no cost to receivers

    • Capability for data encryption/data denial exists for national defense needs

      • Denial can be done on a world-wide or geographic basis

  • NPOESS calls the world-wide users “field terminals” (to differentiate from the Weather Centrals)


Risk reduction

Proteus

SOLSE

DIDM

LORE

Risk Reduction

WindSat

  • Validate technological approach to remote sensing

  • Early delivery of NPOESS data to users

  • Sensor demonstrations on non-operational platforms

    • Lower risk to operational users

    • Lower risk of launch delays due to

      operational schedule

  • Share cost & risk among agencies

NASA ER2 / NAST

NPP


A tri agency effort to leverage and combine environmental satellite activities

NPOESS Airborne Sounder Testbed [NAST]

NASA ER-2

OBJECTIVES

Simulate Candidate Spaceborne Instruments

  • (CrIS, ATMS, IASI)

  • Evaluate Key EDR Algorithms

  • Preview High Resolution Products (Spectral & Spatial)

  • Under Flight Calibration/Validation

    INSTRUMENTS [NAST-I & NAST-M]

    NAST-I: IR Interferometer [FTS] Sounder

  • NAST-M: Microwave Sounder*

  • Co-Boresighted IR and Microwave

  • IR Interferometer [FTS] Sounder 3.5 – 16 µm

    • High Spectral Resolution (1000 < du / u < 2000)

    • High Sensitivity in a cold scene

      • 0.10 K NEDT @ 14.9 µm (250K)

      • 0.15 K NEDT @ 8.2 µm (250K)

      • 0.20 K NEDT @ 4.7 µm (250K)

  • Microwave Sounder

    [3 Bands, 16 Channels] 54, 118, 183 GHz

  • 20 km ALTITUDE

    NADIR 2.6 km IFOV

    ± 23 km GROUND COVERAGE

    ± 48 o Scan

    *Hurricane Bonnie

    Cross-Section


    Windsat coriolis joint navy ipo dod risk reduction demo

    WindSat/CoriolisJoint NAVY/IPO/DoD Risk Reduction Demo

    Description:Validates concept of passive measurement of Ocean Surface Wind Speed and Direction, using Polarimetric Radiometer and other environmental parameters derived from microwave observations

    • Capability:

    • Planned launch in December 2002 on Titan II

    • Measure Ocean Surface Wind Direction (Non- Precipitating Conditions)

    • 25 km spatial resolution

    • Secondary Measurements

      • Sea Surface Temperature, Soil Moisture, Rain Rate, Ice, and Snow Characteristics, Water Vapor

    • Joint Development/Partnership

      • 1. STP [Space Test Program] Office - DOD/USAF

      • 2. MELV [Medium Expendable Launch Vehicle]

      • 3. USN [U.S. Navy] - CNO/N6, ONR, NRL

      • 4. NPOESS IPO [Integrated Program Office]


    Npoess preparatory project npp joint ipo nasa risk reduction demo

    NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP)Joint IPO/NASA Risk Reduction Demo

    • NPP Spacecraft contract awarded to Ball Aerospace – May 2002

    • Instrument Risk Reduction

      • Early delivery / instrument-level test / system-level integration and test

        • VIIRS - Vis/IR Imager Radiometer Suite (IPO)

        • CrIS - Cross-track IR Sounder (IPO)

        • ATMS - Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (NASA)

        • OMPS – Ozone Mapping/Profiling Suite

      • Provides lessons learned and allows time for any required modifications before NPOESS first launch

    • Ground System Risk Reduction

      • Early delivery/test of a subset of NPOESS-like ground system elements

      • Early User Evaluation of NPOESS data products

      • Provides algorithms / instrument verification and opportunities for instrument calibration / validation prior to first NPOESS launch

      • Allows for algorithm modification prior to first NPOESS launch

    • Continuity of data for NASA’s EOS Terra/Aqua missions


    Real time operational demonstrations

    Real-Time Operational Demonstrations

    Coriolis (FY03)

    CMIS

    NPP (FY06)

    CrIS/ATMS & VIIRS

    METOP (FY06)

    IASI/AMSU/MHS & AVHRR

    NPOESS (FY09)

    CrIS/ATMS, VIIRS, CMIS, OMPS

    Aqua (FY02)

    AIRS/AMSU/HSB & MODIS

    Use of Advanced Sounder Data for Improved

    Weather Forecasting/Numerical Weather Prediction

    NOAA Real-Time Data Delivery Timeline

    Ground Station Scenario

    NWS/NCEP

    ECMWF

    UKMO

    FNMOC

    NWP

    Forecasts

    NOAA

    Real-time

    User

    IDPS

    C3S

    Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation


    Calibration validation

    Calibration

    Validation

    Mission Success

    • Absolute Accuracy

    • Polarization Purity

    • Geolocation Accuracy

    • Instrument Stability

    • Doppler Correction

    • Antenna Pattern Correction

    • Ocean Wind Speed

    • Water Vapor

    • Cloud Water

    • Rain Rate

    • Sea Ice

    • Soil Moisture

    • Snow water

    • Land Temp

    • Lower Air Profiles

    • Upper Air Profiles

    Ensures

    • Meet Specification

    • Operational production of synoptic maps and profiles of critical atmospheric, oceanographic and land parameters

    • Quality Control

    Users

    • NWP

    • Real-time tactical

    • Non-tactical

      • JTWC

      • NHC

      • JIC

    • Others

    Calibration/Validation

    To tie it all together and make it work….


    Idps products environmental data records

    IDPS ProductsEnvironmental Data Records

    Cloud Top Heights

    VIIRS – Visible/Infrared Imager/Radiometer Suite

    Cloud Layers

    Total Precipitable Water

    Surface Temperature

    Environmental Properties Displayed at VIIRS Pixel Locations


    Environmental observing

    Environmental Observing

    Natural Hazards

    Detection and Mapping

    Ozone Monitoring

    Multi-spectral Hurricane Mapping and Profiling

    Sea Surface Temperature Ocean Circulation

    Snow and Ice

    Mapping and Monitoring

    All Weather Imaging

    Precipitation Measurement


    Protect safety of life and property improve accuracy of severe weather warnings

    Protect Safety of Life and PropertyImprove Accuracy of Severe Weather Warnings

    Improved Microwave Imagery/Sounding products will improve prediction of wind speed and direction

    Increase in hurricane landfall forecast skill will save an estimated $1 million per mile of coastline that does not have to be evacuated

    Improved early warnings mitigate the devastating effects of floods through disaster planning and response


    Other benefits to the civilian community

    Other Benefits to the Civilian Community

    NPOESS will improve ability to predict El Niño. A 60% increase in El Niño forecast skill will save $183 million per year over 12 year period

    Ice monitoring for shipping

    Snow cover mapping - spring flood prediction


    Npoess benefits the nation world

    Weather permeates all aspects of military operations

    NPOESS data will provide situational awareness

    Situational Awareness is critical to

    Combat Planning

    Air Superiority

    Winning the War

    Accurate forecasts are critical to the protection of life, safety, and property

    NPOESS data will improve forecasts and warnings

    Improved forecasts will

    Reduce loss of life and property

    Benefit industry through increased productivity

    NPOESS will maintain long-term data continuity for climate monitoring and assessment

    NPOESS Benefits the Nation & World


    Integrated program office points of contact

    Integrated Program OfficePoints of Contact

    • Executive Staff - (301) 427-2070

      • System Program Director: Mr. John Cunningham

      • Principal Deputy System Program Director: Col Frank Hinnant

      • Deputy System Program Director: Mr. Carl Hoffman

      • Executive Director: CAPT Dean Smehil, NOAA

    • Acquisition - (301) 427-2084

      • Associate Director for Acquisition: Lt Col Pete Linnemann

    • Technology - (301) 427-2121

      • Associate Director for Technology Transition: Mr. Stan Schneider

      • Chief Scientist : Dr. Stephen A. Mango

    • Operations - (301) 427-2088

      Associate Director for Operations: Mr. Bruce Needham

    • NPOESS Websites

      • http://www.npoess.noaa.gov

      • http://npoesslib.ipo.noaa.gov/ (electronic bulletin board)


  • Login