植物油加氢脱氧
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植物油加氢脱氧 制燃料 —— 概述 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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植物油加氢脱氧 制燃料 —— 概述. Vegetable Oil Based Jet Fuels Overview. 报告人:杨昱涵 指导老师:张香文. Contents. Vegetable Oil Biofuel history Research in the world Domestic Research. Theory Basis. Problems & Planning. Introduction. Products & Analysis. Vegetable Oil. Triglyceride. C 76-78%

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植物油加氢脱氧 制燃料 —— 概述

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植物油加氢脱氧制燃料——概述

Vegetable Oil Based Jet Fuels

Overview

报告人:杨昱涵 指导老师:张香文


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Contents

  • Vegetable Oil

  • Biofuel history

  • Research in the world

  • Domestic Research

Theory Basis

Problems

& Planning

Introduction

Products

& Analysis


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Vegetable Oil

Triglyceride

C 76-78%

H 11.5-12.5%

O 9-11%


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Biofuel History

Emergency Fuel

Biodiesel

1st Generation

Green Diesel

2nd Generation

3rd Generation

1940s

1980s

2000s

1990s

  • Vegetable Oil

  • Transesterification

  • Alcoholysis

  • Hydroprocessing

  • Deoxygenation

  • Micro Algae

  • Cellulose


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Research in the world

Murzin

Finland

Kubicka

Czech

Toba

Japan

Bezergianni

Greece

Taufiqurrahmi

Malaysia

Sahoo

India

Corma

Spain

Solazyme

USA

Lamb

USA

Savage

USA

UOP

USA

Idem

Canada

Lima

Brazil


Domestic research

Domestic Research

1

浙大

上海交大

2

Umich Savage;Hydrothermal M;

F; CaO; Catalytic Cracking; quasi-CO/CO2 intermediates; CaCO3

3

北大

Phenolic Bio-Oil; Pd/C; Hydroxygenation; Alkanes

4

湘潭大学

郑大

Phenol/ benzaldehyde/ acetophenone; Amorphous Co-Mo-B; Hydrodeoxygenation; Bronsted

Transesterification; KF/ZnO

5


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Contents

Introduction

Problems

& Planning

  • Feasibility Analysis

  • Raw Material Selection

  • About Mechanism

Theory Basis

Products

& Analysis


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Properties Comparison

Srivastava, A.; Prasad, R., Triglycerides-based diesel fuels. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews 2000, 4, (2), 111-133.

Dr. James D. Kinder ; Timothy Rahmes, Evaluation of bio-derived synthetic parraffinic kerosene.


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80%

70%

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

Carbon Number

Vegetable Oil

Parrafin

Fatty Acid

Jet Fuel

C10

C12

C14

C16

C18

C20

Blakey, S.; Rye, L.; Wilson, C. W., Aviation gas turbine alternative fuels: A review. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 2011, 33, (2), 2863-2885.


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Fatty Acid Composition (wt%)

Palmitic

16:0

C16H32O2

Stearic

18:0

C18H36O2

Arachidic

20:0

C20H40O2

Oleic

18:1

C18H34O2

Linoleic

18:2

C18H32O2

Linolenic

18:3

C18H30O2

Ricinoleic

C18H34O3

12

3

0

23

55

0

0

Soybean

6

3

0

17

74

6

0

Sunflower

3

1

0

64

22

8

0

Rapeseed

12

2

Tr

25

6

Tr

0

Corn

13

4

1

43

35

1

0

Peanut

16

6

0

13

34

0.8

0

Jatropha

10

8

0

24

39

16

0

Rubber seed

1

1

0

3

5

0

88

Castor

5

84

0

21

0

0

0

Olive

26

5

0

21

58

0

0

Cotton seed

Taufiqurrahmi, N.; Bhatia, S., Catalytic cracking of edible and non-edible oils for the production of biofuels. Energy & Environmental Science 2011√, 4, (4), 1087-1112.

Huber, G. W.; Iborra, S.; Corma, A., Synthesis of transportation fuels from biomass: Chemistry, catalysts, and engineering. Chemical Reviews 2006, 106, (9), 4044-4098.


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Mechanism

Decarboxylation

+H2O

Decarbonylation

Stearic Acid

Hydrodeoxygenation

C12-16

Cracking


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Thank you!


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