European Exploration. Reasons for Exploration. Europeans come to the New World. To better understand the reasons for European exploration, think back to sixth grade social studies when you learned about. Cultural Identity and Nationalism. Cultural Identity.
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Reasons for Exploration
Europeans come to the New World
To better understand the reasons for European exploration, think back to sixth grade social studies when you learned about
cultural connection people have with one another
pride and devotion to your country
Remember that extreme nationalism can lead to
And all of this can effect the
Balance of Power
A spirit of
brewing throughout Europe in the 1400’s, 1500’s, 1600’s,….
and continues today.
One way they could show their strength was to
Explore and claim new land
The “Big Three” countries in Europe who were competing for land were
All three countries explored for the same reasons---
“The Three G’s”
At this time, explorers were searching for
And once they began to explore the New World, they thought they would find lots of gold.
Nationalism and desire for gold caused the people to want
for their homeland.
The third reason they explored was to spread their religion.
So remember...“The Three G’s”
SHOW ME THE MONEY...or the gold!
King Ferdinand of Spain and Queen Isabella
THE BIG QUESTION
Weren’t the Indians already occupying parts of America, including our focus….TEXAS?
COLUMBUS’S FOUR VOYAGES
Cortés and his army sail to what is now Mexico.
The Spanish Come to Texas
Alonso Álvarez de
begins his conquestof the AztecEmpire.
explores the Gulf ofMexico and mapspart of it.
begins the firstround-the-world
The Narvaez Expedition
CABEZA DE VACA
The Europeans gave
the Indians disease,
killing 1/2 of them!
Hernando de Soto
Hernando de Soto
find seven lostcities of gold
Estevanico—reached a Zunivillage and was killed; FrayMarcos—saw village from afar and reported it was filled with gold and treasure
gain its treasure
conquered Zuni village; crossed Texas Panhandle in search of Quivira; did not find any gold or treasure
gain its treasure
explored what is now the south-eastern United States and East Texas; sailed to Mexico; did not find any gold or treasure
Coronado and his men became the first Europeans to see West Texas
Spanish Exploration and Colonization
SPANISH EXPLORATION IN TEXAS
Effects on Spain
Effects on American Indians
SPANISH EXPLORERS: 1519–1598
Columbian Exchange – term describing the transfer of plants, animals, and diseases between the Americas and other continents since the time of Columbus
FRENCH AND SPANISH CLAIMS ON NORTH AMERICA, 1682–1688
Europe Eyes the Americas
Columbus came to the New World looking for gold and a new trade route to Asia. Although he found neither, his four voyages inspired others to seek their fortunes in the Americas.
The French Explore Texas
Spain’s claims on Texas lands prompted France to establish a colony of its own. Although La Salle’s Texas colony did not survive, France’spresence renewedSpain’s interest insettling Texas.
Spanish Explorers Come to Texas
Following Columbus’s lead, Spain established colonies in the Caribbean and Mexico. Reports of riches drew the explorers north to Texas where they established a successful mission.