COMMON GASTRO-INTESTINAL DISORDERS How to care your self ?. 28 March 2010-Common Gastrointestinal Disorders-Mahmoud El Ghazali. Primary care…..WHO??. Across most of Europe & North America, primary care is a specific specialty that exists within a range of healthcare systems & cultures
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COMMON GASTRO-INTESTINAL DISORDERSHow to care your self ?
28 March 2010-Common Gastrointestinal Disorders-Mahmoud El Ghazali
Across most of Europe & North America, primary care is a specific specialty that exists within a range of healthcare systems & cultures
It is at the forefront of care of most patients
Gastrointestinal disease In developed countries gastrointestinal problems are a common reason for attendance at the primary care clinic as well as the outpatient clinic of the hospital.
Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract & liver together account for about 10% of the total burden of illness, 20 million office visits, and nearly 10 million hospital admissions annually in Egypt
The cost of gastrointestinal diseases depends on their prevalence, direct costs (fees, hospital charges, pharmaceutical costs), and indirect costs (time loss from work)
The major function of the gastrointestinal tract is to absorb water & nutrients.
Food moves physically from mouth to colon where non-absorbable wastes are stored for periodic elimination
The diagnosis of gastrointestinal diseases derives predominantly from the patient’s history and, to lesser extent, from the physician’s examination
Gastroesophageal reflux disease, commonly referred to as GERD or acid reflux, is a condition in which the liquid content of the stomach regurgitates (backs up or refluxes) into the esophagus.
What causes GERD?
What are the complications of GERD?
What is a peptic ulcer?
A peptic ulcer is a hole in the gut lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. A peptic ulcer of the stomach is called a gastric ulcer; of the duodenum, a duodenal ulcer
Contrary to popular belief, alcohol, coffee, colas, spicy foods, and caffeine have no proven role in ulcer formation.
What are symptoms of an ulcer?
2. Systemic causes:
Antiemetic agents include:
What is diarrhea?
What are common causes of acute diarrhea?
What are the complications of diarrhea?
When should the doctor be called for diarrhea?
Constipation means hard stools, difficulty passing stools (straining), or a sense of incomplete emptying after a bowel movement.
What causes constipation?
(Narcotic pain medications)
(Antidepressants such as amitriptyline)
(Anticonvulsants such as phenytoin)
(Calcium channel blocking)
What treatments are available for constipation?
IBS is a functional disease, that is, a disease in which the intestine (bowel) functions abnormally.
Theories of the cause of IBS include abnormal input from intestinal sensory nerves and abnormal stimulation of the intestines by the motor nerves.
As described previously, IBS is believed to be due to the abnormal function (dysfunction) of the muscles of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract or the nerves controlling the organs.