Turning policy into action
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Turning Policy into Action . Intro to Climate Action Plans and Measures CCBA Training 2012. Jillian Rich Program Manager. September 5, 2012. PG&E Government and Community Partnerships.

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Turning policy into action

Turning Policy into Action

Intro to Climate Action Plans and Measures

CCBA Training 2012

Jillian Rich

Program Manager

September 5, 2012


Pg e government and community partnerships

PG&E Government and Community Partnerships

  • PG&E partners with local governments and communities to achieve mutual energy and GHG reduction goals.

  • Partnerships Include:

    • Energy Watch Programs

    • Climate and Energy Action Planning Assistance

      • Statewide Energy Efficiency Collaborative (SEEC)

      • Direct funding assistance

      • Training

      • Data

  • www.pge.com/energywatch

  • www.pge.com/sustainablecommunities


Today s discussion

Today’s Discussion

  • CAP Recap:

    • Structure & Development Process

    • CEQA-Qualified GHG Reduction Plan

    • Metrics & Implementation

  • How can CAPs be useful to CCBA members?

  • Tying your work to sustainability:

    • Estimating potential GHG emissions

    • Measuring the impact of your work

  • Group Exercise


Cap structure and development process

4

CAP Structure and Development Process


Cap summary

CAP Summary


The cap as a living document

The CAP as a living document

General Plan EIR

Inventory GHGs

Evaluate GHG Reduction Progress and Targets

Update GHG Reduction Strategies

CAP / GHG Reduction Strategy

General Plan

Implementation


Common cap structure

Common CAP Structure

  • Introduction

  • Climate Change Background

  • Greenhouse Gas Inventory Summary

  • Goals and Measures

    • Transportation

    • Waste

    • Water

    • Energy

    • Adaptation

  • Next Steps / Conclusion

  • Technical Appendices

  • Each goal/measure should (ideally) include:

    • Action Items

    • Implementation Phasing

    • Fiscal Impact

    • Responsible Party

    • Metrics


Common cap development

Common CAP Development


Common cap development timeline

Common CAP Development Timeline

Source: ICLEI, www.californiaseec.org


Turning policy into action

Source: Alameda County CAP, 2011


Caps are not always caps

CAPs are not always “CAPs”!


Qualified ghg reduction strategies

13

Qualified GHG Reduction Strategies


Anything can be a ghg reduction plan if

ANYTHING can be a GHG Reduction Plan if….

  • State CEQA Guidelines Section 15183.5.(b) state that a GHG Reduction Plan should have the following elements:

    • A GHG inventory and projection/forecast

    • A GHG reduction target below which GHGs would not be significant

    • Measures and actions that are proven to reduce GHG emissions and, if implemented on a project-by-project basis, would collectively achieve the reduction target

    • A mechanism to monitor the plan’s progress towards achieving the reduction target and a requirement to amend the plan if it is not achieving specified levels

    • An environmental document


Cap v ghg reduction plan

CAP v. GHG Reduction Plan


Ghg reduction plan

GHG Reduction Plan

No GHG Reduction Plan

With GHG Reduction Plan

Specific Plan

Office Building

GHG Reduction Plan

Specific Plan

Mixed Use Corridor

Density Bonus

Office Building

Mixed Use Corridor

Density Bonus

Condo Building

Condo Building


Cap metrics and implementation

17

CAP Metrics and Implementation


Turning policy into action

  • Alameda County CAP, 2011


Turning policy into action

  • Santa Rosa CAP, 2012


Turning policy into action

  • Belvedere CAP, 2011


City of vallejo example

City of Vallejo Example


City of san carlos example

City of San Carlos Example


City of berkeley example

City of Berkeley Example

  • http://www.ci.berkeley.ca.us/ContentDisplay.aspx?id=70996


Caps and ccba

25

CAPs and CCBA


Group discussion

Group Discussion

  • How do you see yourself using a local government CAP in your CCBA assignment this year?


Measuring success predicting impacts

27

Measuring Success; Predicting Impacts

  • How to Monitor Sustainability Efforts and Evaluate Progress


Metrics for project implementation

Metrics for Project Implementation

  • Impact Metrics – Lasting impacts of the project.

    • Examples: Energy, VMT, waste, GHG reductions, and dollars saved

  • Process Metrics – Interim metrics that show the implementation progress or effort to date. Examples:

    • Number of workshops

    • Number of mailers sent to residents

    • Number of energy audits performed

    • kWh/therms of energy reduction identified

    • Number of program sign-ups

    • Number of site visits


Impact metrics

Impact Metrics

  • Tips:

    • Tied directly to your action

    • Independent of outside influences such as changes in operations or seasonal fluxes

    • Based on easily-accessible, free, or publically-available data


How to show impact

How to show Impact

1. On average, City energy consumption decreased 10% more than previous years from August to February during the Project.

2. Trees planted as part of this Project are estimated to save 150,000 kWh through increased shade in summer months.

3. Several workshops were held over the 6-month period, during which time community-wide waste tonnages decreased by 5%.


Impact metrics resources

Impact Metrics - Resources

  • Direct Measurement:

    • Utilities

    • Surveys (pre- and post-survey?)

  • Estimate Based on Research:

    • Local Climate Action Plans

    • See handout


Steps to quantify impacts

Steps to Quantify Impacts

  • Identify a project

  • Identify impact metrics.

    • Is the metric tied directly to your action?

    • Can the metric be measured on a somewhat regular basis?

    • Is the metric independent of external or pre-existing influences?

  • Determine pre-project (current) conditions

  • Set a target

    • Is the target feasible? Use case studies.

  • Track and Report!


Difficult to track community outreach

Difficult to Track: Community Outreach

  • Pre- and post-surveys to track GHG reductions

  • Energy reductions for smaller-scale municipal behavioral change

  • Process metrics:

    • Website visits

    • Number of workshop/meeting attendees

    • Number of mailers sent to residents/businesses

    • Number of phone calls received in response to outreach

    • Number of emails received in response to outreach


Turning policy into action

Statewide Assistance

http://californiaseec.org


Summary

Summary

  • Establish metrics at the onset of a project

  • Track your metrics on a regular basis using a spreadsheet

  • Choose a mix of impact metrics (long-term outcome) and process metrics (short-term display of effort/progress)

  • Choose metrics that are readily available and can be directly tied to program implementation

  • Consider Co-Benefits


Group exercise

Group Exercise!

  • 4 groups:

    • Energy

    • Water

    • Waste

    • Transportation


Thank you

Thank You

Jillian Rich

[email protected]


How it all began

How it all began….

  • Adopted in 2007, SB 97 requires the Governor’s Office of Planning and Research (OPR) to amend the State CEQA Guidelines to address GHG emissions.


Ghg significance through the lens of

GHG Significance through the lens of…

  • Identify project impacts

  • Determine significance

  • Mitigate to a less than significant level


Ghg reduction plan1

GHG Reduction Plan

No GHG Reduction Plan

With GHG Reduction Plan

Specific Plan

Office Building

GHG Reduction Plan

Specific Plan

Mixed Use Corridor

Density Bonus

Office Building

Mixed Use Corridor

Density Bonus

Condo Building

Condo Building


Ghg reduction plan2

GHG Reduction Plan

  • Identify project impacts

  • Determine significance

  • Mitigate to a less than significant level


Qualitative threshold ghg reduction plan

Qualitative Threshold: GHG Reduction Plan

Example: City/County of San Francisco, http://sfmea.sfplanning.org/GHG_Checklist_T1.doc


How do ghg reduction plans relate to quantitative significance thresholds

How do GHG Reduction Plans relate to Quantitative Significance Thresholds?

  • GHG Reduction Plans take the place of quantitative GHG significance thresholds.

  • Once a Reduction Plan is in place, projects should use the CAP checklist to determine significance


How do ghg reduction plans relate to sb 375 targets

How do GHG Reduction Plans relate to SB 375 Targets?

  • SB 375 GHG reduction targets are for VMT from passenger cars and light trucks only and they are measured in GHG per capita

  • Climate Action Plans address all emissions sources, including passenger cars, light trucks, heavy-duty vehicles, and other sectors

  • The methodology for CAP VMT analysis may be different from that of the MPO’s in the SB 375 process


Exercise 1

Exercise #1

  • TREE PLANTING

  • Pursue a comprehensive community tree program for planting and maintaining trees on County-maintained roads, medians, and public parking lots in the unincorporated communities and encourage property owners to plant and maintain trees near structures to reduce building energy demand.


Exercise 11

Exercise #1

  • TREE PLANTING

  • Pursue a comprehensive community tree program for planting and maintaining trees on County-maintained roads, medians, and public parking lots in the unincorporated communities and encourage property owners to plant and maintain trees near structures to reduce building energy demand.


Exercise 2

Exercise #2

  • ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING STATIONS

  • Require new developments to install electric vehicle charging stations in parking lots.


Exercise 21

Exercise #2

  • ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING STATIONS

  • Require new developments to install electric vehicle charging stations in parking lots.


Exercise 22

Exercise #2

  • ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING STATIONS

  • Require new developments to install electric vehicle charging stations in parking lots.


Example 4

Example #4

  • ALAMEDA COUNTY CLEAN COMMUTE PROGRAM


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