National policy and local participation in making aboriginal digital archive the lesson from taiwan
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National policy and local participation in making aboriginal digital archive: The lesson from Taiwan. Chen-Ling Hung Associate Professor The Graduate Institute of Journalism, National Taiwan University. ICT and indigenous peoples.

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National policy and local participation in making aboriginal digital archive the lesson from taiwan

National policy and local participation in making aboriginal digital archive: The lesson from Taiwan

Chen-Ling Hung

Associate Professor

The Graduate Institute of Journalism,

National Taiwan University


Ict and indigenous peoples
ICT and indigenous peoples digital archive: The lesson from Taiwan

  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) should be used to support and encourage cultural diversity and to preserve and promote the language, distinct identities and traditional knowledge of Indigenous peoples, nations and tribes in a manner which they determine best advances these goals.

    --The Declaration of the Global Forum of Indigenous Peoples and the Information Society, Article 2


Ict access of different ethnic groups in taiwan
ICT access of different ethnic groups in Taiwan digital archive: The lesson from Taiwan


Taiwanese policies 1
Taiwanese policies (1) digital archive: The lesson from Taiwan

  • The National Digital Archive Program(NDAP)

  • Phase I (2002-2006): digitized selected representative cultural assets for cultural and academic research

  • Phase II (2007-2012): to foster indigenous value and demonstrate Taiwan’s cultural diversity

    --Cultural, Academic, Socio-Economic, and Educational Promotions and Applications Project (CASE Project): to integrate archival contents and technologies into educational, academic, industrial, and social development; to inspire local autonomous archive by building partnership with more local organizations and communities.


Taiwanese policies 2
Taiwanese policies (2) digital archive: The lesson from Taiwan

  • Digital Opportunity Centers: Creating Digital Opportunities in Rural Areas (2004-)

  • Standard deployment: a space with computers and online equipment, on-site staff and computer courses

  • Cooperation between the central government and local communities


Digital opportunity center
Digital Opportunity Center digital archive: The lesson from Taiwan


Alan gluban
Alan-Gluban digital archive: The lesson from Taiwan

  • the residence of Se-edig people of Atayal tribe in central Taiwan

  • Wushe Event: The biggest uprising against Japanese colonial rule

  • locates in the mountainous area, isolated from outside world

  • 110 households (five hundred residents)

  • main industries: farm and weaving industry

  • the young generation leaves home for better job opportunities, leaving elders, women and children at home.


Alan gluban meets icts
Alan Gluban meets ICTs digital archive: The lesson from Taiwan

  • 1999 Alan Gluban Website: to tell the story of Alan Gluban’s survival after Chichi earthquake

  • 2004 Digital Opportunity Center: to enhance digital capabilities of rural people

  • 2007 National Digital Archives Program: to transform Alan-Gluban’s cultural heritage into digital archive.


The process of digital archiving
The process of digital archiving digital archive: The lesson from Taiwan

  • to form a work team

  • to survey on local people’s needs

  • to produce the contents of the tribe archive based upon the survey results.


The work team
The work team digital archive: The lesson from Taiwan

  • National Digital Archives Program: sponsor

  • National Taiwan University: project coordinator

  • The Association of Taiwan Indigenous Peoples College: local assistant

  • Wingcloud Studio: website design studio

  • The Association of Community Development in Alan-Gluban: gatherer and recorder of local events and cultural heritage


Survey results ict access of alan gluban residents
Survey results: ICT access of Alan-Gluban residents digital archive: The lesson from Taiwan


Major problems which discourage internet access
Major problems which discourage Internet access digital archive: The lesson from Taiwan


Potential benefits of digital archive
Potential benefits of digital archive digital archive: The lesson from Taiwan


Tribal information needed to be documented
Tribal Information needed to be documented digital archive: The lesson from Taiwan


Alan gluban digital archive
Alan Gluban Digital Archive digital archive: The lesson from Taiwan

  • Website http://dc.atipc.org/chiliu.htm

  • the old photos about the Wushe Event were scanned and digitalized. Community activities such as tribe meetings and DOC training courses were recorded. Besides, special video programs were made for promoting tribe history and weaving culture.

  • 2008: 11 video programs and 121 photos posted on this website.

  • the documentation of tribe culture demands participation of residents and the cooperation between the community and outside groups.


Text digital archive: The lesson from Taiwan

Photos and Video

Alan Gluban / Tribal Culture Online

Introduction / Art / Landscape / Culture and History / Event

Art / Landscape / Culture and History / Wushe Event


Cooperation between the public and private sectors
Cooperation between the public and private sectors digital archive: The lesson from Taiwan

  • Mutual trust and understanding

  • Efficient communication and negotiation

  • Proper resources to carry out the project

  • Cultivate and accumulate the autonomy of local people

  • preserve culture heritage of the aboriginal tribe


Challenges in making tribe archive
Challenges in making tribe archive digital archive: The lesson from Taiwan

  • training local ICT expert

  • enduring participation from aboriginal communities

  • secrets and taboo in indigenous culture which hinders the progress of digital archive

  • stable funding to support the project


Conclusion
Conclusion digital archive: The lesson from Taiwan

  • Cultural preservation cannot be achieved by ICT alone.

  • a community-based participation model shows its strengths and challenges to preserve indigenous history and culture.

  • By getting communities and outside partners involved in the development of digital archive, meaningful use of ICT by community members is likely to follow, bringing with the expected benefits.

  • Challenges of sustainable development should be addressed.


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