Decolonization, Nationalism, and The Rise of New Nations. The 20 th Century. Global Events Leading Up to Decolonization. Imperialism Growing Nationalism World War I World War II Cold War. How WWI?. Promises of self-determination Use of colonial soldiers in trenches
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The 20th Century
“What do you think? Wherein in courage required – in blowing others to pieces from behind a cannon, or with a smiling face to approach a cannon and be blown to pieces?...Believe me that a man devoid of courage and manhood can never be a passive resister.”
In the end...
The Colonial Divisions of Africa and the Emergence of New Nations
“ The fighting record of our women does not permit us to believe that they will ever again allow themselves to be enslaved whether by a national enemy or by social reaction at home.”
Cultural dependence on westreligious revivalism as backlash
Widespread social unrest
Military responses to restore order
Lack of middle class in some locales
Education deficit and later, brain-drain.
Neo-colonialism through economic debt.Challenges of Independence