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Chapter 2: Principles of Curriculum Development. Presented by the NRVers: Lynn Graves,Chase Lowe,Susie Cutlip, and Connie McGuire. CURRICULUM CHANGE. Think about curriculum changes in your school or district: Which changes have been successful? Which changes have not been successful?

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chapter 2 principles of curriculum development

Chapter 2: Principles of Curriculum Development

Presented by the NRVers:

Lynn Graves,Chase Lowe,Susie Cutlip, and Connie McGuire

curriculum change
CURRICULUM CHANGE

Think about curriculum changes in your school or district:

  • Which changes have been successful?
  • Which changes have not been successful?

Jot these thoughts down

curricularly terms
“Curricularly” Terms:
  • Curriculum Development: more comprehensive; includes planning, implementation, and evaluation.
  • Curriculum Improvement: viewed as result of development.
  • Curriculum Planning: preliminary phase of curriculum development. Workers make decisions and take actions to establish plans.
more curricularly terms
More “Curricularly” Terms:
  • Curriculum implementation: translation of plans into action.
  • Curriculum evaluation: determines the success of both the students and the program.
  • Curriculum revision: the process of making changes and improving an existing curriculum.
curriculum axioms
Curriculum Axioms

The whole is greater than the part

axiom 1 inevitability of change
Axiom 1: Inevitability of Change

Change is both inevitable and necessary, for it is through change that life forms grow and develop

  • human institutions
  • problems encouraging change
  • Public schools
axiom 2 product of time
Axiom 2: Product of Time

School curriculum not only reflects,but is a product of its time

  • change takes about 10 years
  • curriculum responds to social forces
  • societal influence on change
axiom 3 concurrent changes
Axiom 3: Concurrent changes

Curriculum changes made at an earlier period of time can exist concurrently with newer curriculum changes at a later period of time.

  • Changes coexist and overlap
  • Good teachers practice this
axiom 4 change in people
Axiom 4: Change in People

Curriculum change results from changes in people

  • commitment from those involved
  • contributions
  • control
axiom 5 cooperative endeavor
Axiom 5: Cooperative Endeavor

Curriculum change is effected as a result of cooperative endeavor on the part of groups.

  • Curriculum improvement
  • Small group cooperation
axiom 6 decision making process
Axiom 6: Decision-Making Process

Curriculum development is basically a decision-making process.

  • Choices among disciplines
  • Choices among viewpoints
  • Choices of emphasis
  • Choices of methods of teaching
  • Choices in organization of curriculum
axiom 7 continuous process
Axiom 7: Continuous Process

Curriculum development is a never-ending process.

  • Perfection will never be achieved
  • Curriculum can always be improved
  • Continuous monitoring is necessary
axiom 8 comprehensive
Axiom 8: Comprehensive

Curriculum development is a comprehensive process.

  • “The whole is greater than the sum of its parts”: Curriculum developers must be able to see “beyond the trees” and look “at the entire forest”
  • Planners must frequently view the macrocurriculum, that is the whole curriculum as distinguished from the sum of its parts.
axiom 9 systematic
Axiom 9: Systematic

Systematic curriculum development is more effective than trial and error.

  • Curriculum planning should be comprehensive and follow an agreed upon set of procedures
axiom 10 starts from existing
Axiom 10: Starts from Existing

The curriculum planner starts from where the curriculum is, just as the teacher starts from where the students are.

  • Curriculum reorganization
  • Can not be achieved overnight
wrap up
Wrap Up
  • Think again about curriculum changes in your school or district. Why were some changes successful and why were they not successful?
  • Which axiom was influential in it being successful or not being successful?
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