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Module 10: Database Security. Overview. Manage access to database through user accounts Control access to data through privileges and roles Manage access to server using login accounts. Managing Users.

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Module 10:Database Security


Overview
Overview

  • Manage access to database through user accounts

  • Control access to data through privileges and roles

  • Manage access to server using login accounts


Managing users
Managing Users

  • In Oracle, a username is database system wide, SQL Server uses login accounts to access the instance and user accounts for the individual databases

  • Oracle usernames and SQL Server logins can be operating system authenticated or database authenticated. In addition, SQL Server logins could be authenticated by the network domain

  • In SQL Server, a user account has to be created in every database that a login needs access to and can be named differently from the login name


Managing privileges
Managing Privileges

  • Oracle and SQL Server control access and activity within the database using system and object privileges

  • ALTER DATABASE and GRANT are examples of system privileges while object privileges can be SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE.

  • Oracle and SQL Server use the GRANT statement to give privileges and REVOKE statement to remove privileges. In addition SQL Server has the DENY statement to suspend privileges.

  • Use the system catalog view sys.database_permissions and function fn_builtin_permissionsto list permissions on objects and statements in SQL Server


Managing roles
Managing Roles

  • Oracle and SQL Server provide system roles with predefined privileges and user defined roles

  • The SQL Server system defined roles are of two categories:

    • Fixed server roles which are defined for the database instance

    • Fixed database roles whose scope is limited to a database

  • Sysadmin fixed server role is equivalent to Oracle’s DBA role

  • In Oracle, there is a single DBA role that has database instance wide privileges spanning all schemas

  • In SQL Server, administrative privileges can be limited to individual databases by the use of fixed database roles


Demonstration 1 observe server and database roles
Demonstration 1: Observe Server and Database Roles

In this demonstration you will learn to:

  • Use catalog views

  • Use stored procedures to analyze roles


Review
Review

  • We learned how to create and maintain login accounts and user accounts

  • We learned the use and scope of predefined system roles and how to create and maintain user defined roles

  • We saw how to grant and manage system and object privileges to users directly or through roles


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