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Atlantic Interoperability Initiative to Reduce Emissions (AIRE) 2010 Workshop Brussels, Belgium December 7-8, 2010. Air Traffic Organization Operation Planning Services. Agenda. FAA AIRE Initiatives Oceanic Optimization Trials Gate to Gate Surface Optimization

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Atlantic Interoperability Initiative to Reduce Emissions (AIRE)2010 WorkshopBrussels, BelgiumDecember 7-8, 2010

Air Traffic OrganizationOperation Planning Services

  • FAA AIRE Initiatives
    • Oceanic Optimization Trials
    • Gate to Gate
    • Surface Optimization
    • Continuous Descent Operations (CDO)
      • Optimized Profile Descent (OPD)
      • Tailored Arrivals (TA)
continuous descent operations cdo
Continuous Descent Operations (CDO)
  • CDO
    • An operation, enabled by airspace design, procedure design and ATC facilitation, in which an arriving aircraft descends continuously, to the greatest possible extent, by employing minimum engine thrust, ideally in a low drag configuration, prior to the final approach fix /final approach point

(ICAO Doc 9931)

  • Optimized profile descent (OPD)
    • OPD is one method of facilitating CDO. The OPD is a descent profile normally associated with a published arrival (STAR) and designed to allow maximum practical use of a CDO. It starts from top of descent, taking into consideration the limitations of local airport, airspace, environmental, traffic, aircraft capabilities, and ATC.
  • Tailored Arrival (TA)
    • Tailored Arrivals (TAs) are fuel efficient, environmentally friendly arrival clearances delivered to the aircraft via data link
faa opd initiatives
FAA OPD Initiatives
  • Los Angeles Airport (LAX)
    • The first published, publicly-available OPD procedure in the United States, the River One STAR, was implemented at Los Angeles Airport (LAX) in 2007
    • Data analyzed for mixed-fleet arrival operations each year indicate that we achieve average fuel savings of 25 gallons per flight and reduce the average level-flight time during approaches by 26 percent for approximately 300-400 daily LAX OPD arrivals
    • With approximately 545,000 operations in 2009, LAX is the fifth busiest airport in the NAS
    • An estimated 40% to 50% of the approaches into LAX are now OPDs
faa opd initiatives1
FAA OPD Initiatives
  • Miami (MIA) and Atlanta (ATL) International Airports
    • Twenty OPDs were completed in May 2008 at Miami and Atlanta International Airports
    • Computed fuel savings averaged 48-52 gals/flight, with a corresponding per-flight reduction of 1050-1090 lbs CO2
    • Later the same year, 2008, OPD procedures saved 40-60 gallons of fuel and avoided more than 800 pounds of carbon emissions per flight in 600 night-time OPD arrivals into ATL
  • Honolulu (HNL) and Anchorage (ANC) International Airports
    • HNL OPD projected fuel savings 4.3 million gallons/yr ;84 million lbs/CO2/yr
    • ANC OPD projected 4.2 million gallons/yr fuel savings; 83 million lbs CO2/yr
faa opd initiatives2
FAA OPD Initiatives
  • Charleston International Airport (CHS)/Charleston Air Force Base
    • In 2008, the Department of Defense (DOD) and the FAA initiated a joint initiative to evaluate the use of OPD arrivals for the Air Force C-17 transports at CHS
    • An RNAV Implementation Working Group was established in accordance with FAA Order 7100.9D, Guidelines for Implementing Terminal RNAV Procedures, commonly known as the “18-Step Process”
    • Eight (draft) RNAV STARS developed, six with OPD vertical profiles
    • Delta Airlines is commercial lead operator for these procedures. US Airlines and Southwest Airlines have joined the CHS RNAV Implementation WG
    • Publish date for public use CHS OPD procedures is scheduled for August 2011
tailored arrivals ta history
Tailored Arrivals (TA) - History
  • The first TAs are designated Tailored Arrivals (TA)
  • The TA is a pre-planned, fixed routes received via data link from ATC’s Ocean21 system to Future Air Navigation Systems (FANS-1/A) equipped aircraft
  • Ocean21 is the only automated ATC system in the United States capable of data link; therefore, TA clearances can only be issued from New York Center (ZNY), Oakland Center (ZOA), or Anchorage Center (ZAN) where Ocean21 is operational
  • TA clearances are only issued upon pilot request
  • FAA TA development began during flight trials conducted at San Francisco (SFO), Los Angeles (LAX), Miami (MIA)
tailored arrivals ta
Tailored Arrivals (TA)
  • TA consists of three elements
    • TA clearances issued by ATC through the Ocean21 system via data link to FANS 1/A equipped aircraft
    • A TA consists of a lateral, vertical and speed profile, and connection to a published instrument approach from the aircraft\'s navigation database.
  • Pilots fly the TA according to the operator’s standard operating procedures (SOP)
tailored arrivals ta results
Tailored Arrivals (TA) Results
  • Overall Statistics, All Trial Sites:
    • 1469 Full Tailored Arrivals
    • 3411 Partial Tailored Arrivals
  • SFO: (from start in Dec 2007 to Aug 2010)
    • 33% (1203) of flights requesting have gotten full TAs
    • 67% (2407) of flights requesting have gotten partial TAs
  • MIA: (from start in June 2009 to October 2010)
    • 17% (24) of clearances request result in full TAs
    • 83% (117) of clearances request result in partial TAs
  • LAX: (from start in Nov 2009 to November 2010)
    • 22% (242) of clearances sent receive full TAs
    • 78% (877) of clearances sent receive partial TAs

Planned FAA 2011 AIRE Initiatives

  • Main objectives
    • Build on AIRE achievements in prior years
    • Highlight interoperability
  • Focus on the following domains
    • Enroute/Oceanic Optimization
    • Surface Management
    • Arrival Optimization
  • Expand Scope
    • Additional carriers and operators
    • Airframe types
    • City pairs
planned faa 2011 aire cdo initiatives
Planned FAA 2011 AIRE CDO Initiatives
  • Department of Defense
      • US Air Force Air Mobility Command (AMC) transatlantic flights
      • CDO to CHS
  • Business Aviation
      • Select CDO destinations
demonstration data needs
Demonstration Data Needs
  • Purpose of Data Exchange:
    • Support the standardization of benefits across demonstrations
    • Support benefits validation for automation development
    • May be a requirement of the safety process