csci 130 forensic computing cj notes sources of crime data
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CSCI 130 Forensic Computing CJ Notes Sources of Crime Data. I. Uniform Crime Reports a. Official crime data b. Obtained via crimes reported to police c. FBI is national repository for crime; responsible for collecting and disseminating reports d. Collects incidence data

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I. Uniform Crime Reports
  • a. Official crime data
  • b. Obtained via crimes reported to police
  • c. FBI is national repository for crime; responsible for collecting and disseminating reports
  • d. Collects incidence data
  • e. Limitations
  • 1. not all crime reported to police
  • 2. agencies may be bias data in how they classify offenses
  • 3. Part II offenses only report arrests
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II. National Criminal Victimization Survey (NCVS)
  • a. Begun in 1973 as NCS
  • b. Bureau of Census survey sample of citizens as to their victimization experiences over the past six months
  • c. Measures victimizations of persons in household 12 yoa and older
  • d. Asks if offence reported to police; if not, why not
  • e. Limitations
  • 1. does not measure crimes where victim <12 yoa
  • 2. does not measure homicides
  • 3. does not measure commercial house robberies; bank robberies
  • 4. does not measure burglaries
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III. Self-Reports
  • a. Ask persons about their criminality or deviance
  • b. Offender directed
  • c. Surveys of juveniles in schools; detentions houses; inmates; citizens at large
  • d. May be biased as respondents over- estimate or under estimate activity
  • e. Ethnographies are a type of self-report; anthropology heritage
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f. Use of informants to gain first-hand knowledge of behavior; lifestyle (early heroin user/addict research)
  • g. “Snowball” technique, where investigator is introduced to an addict, who in turn introduces the investigator to another and so on
  • h. Allows investigators to study/learn about offenders in ways not possible with UCR or NCVS
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