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Ketamine. By: Pat Hanson. Ketamine. Street name: Special K, “K” Chemical name: Ketamine Hydrochloride. Action of Drug. Lower doses of ketamine Dreamy feeling similar to nitrous oxide (laughing gas) Floaty and feel slightly outside of the body Numbness in the extremities .

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By pat hanson

Ketamine

By: Pat Hanson


Ketamine
Ketamine

  • Street name: Special K, “K”

  • Chemical name: Ketamine Hydrochloride


Action of drug
Action of Drug

Lower doses of ketamine

  • Dreamy feeling similar to nitrous oxide (laughing gas)

  • Floaty and feel slightly outside of the body

  • Numbness in the extremities


Action of drug1
Action of Drug

High doses of Ketamine

  • hallucinogenic (trippy) effect

  • Feeling of being far away from your own body

  • K-Hole – similar to a “bad trip” on LSD


History and medical use
History and Medical Use

  • Ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic developed in 1963 to replace PCP

  • It was created to be a human anesthetic

  • Still used as a general anesthetic for children and persons of poor health

  • Ketamine is most commonly used in veteranary medicine


Description and schedule rating
Description and Schedule Rating

  • Ketamine is manufactured as a liquid to be injected.

  • The liquid ketamine is also evaporated and cooked in to a powder to be snorted.


Schedule rating
Schedule Rating

Ketamine is a Schedule III Drug

Other examples of schedule III Drugs include…

  • PCP

  • DXM

  • Nitric Oxide (Laughing Gas)


Physiological effects
Physiological Effects

The physiological effects of Ketamine include…

  • Initial energy rush

  • Numbness in extremities

  • Irregular muscle coordination

    Large amounts of Ketamine can cause

  • Anesthesia

  • Muscle Spasm

  • Taken with alcohol can cause vomiting


Psychological effects
Psychological Effects

Some psychological effects of Ketamine include…

  • Decreased awareness of general environment

  • sedation

  • dream-like state

  • vivid dreams

  • feelings of invulnerability

  • increased distractibility, disorientation, and subjects are generally uncommunicative.

  • Intense hallucinations

  • impaired thought processes

  • out-of-body experiences

  • changes in perception about body, surroundings, time and sounds.

  • Delirium and hallucinations can be experienced after awakening from anesthesia.


Short term side effects
Short Term Side Effects

The Short term Side Effects of Ketamine are…..

  • - Increase in heart rate

  • Slurred speech

  • Confusion, disorientation

  • Out-of-body experience

  • Shifts in perception of reality

  • Nausea

  • Sedation

  • Cardiovascular effects, including hypertension and tachycardia

  • Respiratory depression

  • Hyper salivation

  • Pleasant mental and/or body high


Long term side effects
Long Term Side Effects

The Long Term Side Effects of Ketamine are….

  • Euphoria

  • Sense of calm and serenity

  • Spiritual experiences

  • Enhanced sense of connection with the world (beings or objects)

  • Distortion or loss of sensory perceptions (common)

  • Open- and closed-eye visuals (common)

  • Dissociation of mind from body

  • Analgesia, numbness

  • Ataxia (loss of motor coordination)

  • Significant change in perception of time

  • Double-vision


Youtube videos
YouTube Videos

Person on Ketamine

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8J_M__zLRbI&feature=related

Effects of Ketamine

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cnHjcI5_TqM&feature=related


References
References

  • http://dancesafe.org/drug-information/ketamine

  • http://www.drugfree.org/drug-guide/ketamine

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ketamine#Psychological_effects

  • http://ecstasy.com.ua/ketamine/ketamine-physiological-effects

  • http://www.nhtsa.gov/people/injury/research/job185drugs/ketamine.htm


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