Injury Assessment & Evaluation. Today’s topics. Principles of range of motion testing, neurological testing, and special tests Functional testing. Range of Motion Assessment. Categories & progression 1. AROM 2. PROM 3. RROM. AROM. Voluntary movement through muscle contraction
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1. Pain* 5. Joint contractures
2. Swelling 6. Nerve damage
3. Muscle spasm 7. Loose bodies
4. Muscle tightness
*Where in the motion does it hurt?
1. Muscle weakness & pain--> strain
2. Muscle weakness & pain -> nn damage
1. Changes -->degeneration OR injury in specific regions of nervous system
2. DTR’s tend to be absent if specific nerve root damage
Laxity — clinical sign of the amount of “give” within a joint; identified by stress testing
Instability — joint’s inability to function under the stresses of function activity