Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections
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Common STDs Sexually Transmitted Diseases or STIs Sexually Transmitted Infections. 20.3. OBJECTIVES. Describe how STDs can be spread List ways STDs damage a person’s health Identify the symptoms & treatments of common bacterial, viral, & parasitic STDs

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Common STDs Sexually Transmitted Diseases or STIs Sexually Transmitted Infections

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Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

Common STDsSexually Transmitted DiseasesorSTIsSexually Transmitted Infections

20.3


Objectives

OBJECTIVES

  • Describe how STDs can be spread

  • List ways STDs damage a person’s health

  • Identify the symptoms & treatments of common bacterial, viral, & parasitic STDs

  • Describe the symptoms & treatments of common STDs caused by viruses & parasites

  • State the responsibilities of people who think they may be infected


How are stds spread

How Are STDs Spread?

Sexual activity that:

  • Brings an uninfected person in contact w/body fluids from an infected person

  • Contact between one person’s genitals & another person’s skin or mucous membranes – 1 person is infected

  • Direct contact w/open sores

  • A mother to her baby before birth, during birth, or breast-feeding


Facts

FACTS

  • Most viruses that cause STDs cannot be spread through kissing, sharing eating utensils, holding hands, or using public toilets.

  • Not all STDs can be treated & cured

  • Herpes is for life! (The gift that keeps on giving)


Beliefs vs reality

BELIEFS vs. REALITY

“It is best to see if an STD goes away on its own before seeing a doctor.”

  • Most STDs do not go away.

  • Symptoms going away does not mean your are cured.

    “Washing the genitals after sex prevents STDs.” - No

    “Birth-control pills prevent STDs.” - No


Beliefs vs reality1

BELIEFS vs. REALITY

“The medicine prescribed for one kind of STD will cure any STD.

  • Each STD is unique & requires its own medicine

    “If one sex partner is treated for an STD, the other partner does not need to be treated.”

  • Both need to be treated so they don’t reinfect each other


How stds can damage your health

How STDs Can Damage Your Health

Some STDs:

  • cause painful sores that can recur throughout your lifetime.

  • lead to brain damage or cancer

  • cause infertility

  • are fatal


Babies stds

Babies & STDs

Some STDs can:

  • cause a miscarriage

  • cause blindness in a newborn as they travel down the birth canal

  • most newborns are automatically given eye drops at the hospital to help prevent blindness


What are the different types of std s

WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF STD’s?

  • Bacterial – curable

  • Viral – non-curable

  • Parasites - curable


4 most common stds caused by bacteria

4 Most Common STDs Caused By Bacteria

  • Chlamydia

  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

  • Gonorrhea

  • Syphilis

  • Cured w/antibiotics

  • Will not cause permanent damage if treated early


Chlamydia bacterial symptoms often none

Females

Pain urinating

Vaginal discharge or bleeding

Pelvic Pain

Males

Pain urinating

Discharge from the penis

CHLAMYDIA – BacterialSymptoms - Often None

Highest rate of infection in 15 – 19 year olds.

More new cases in U.S. than any other STD


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

CHLAMYDIA


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

CHLAMYDIA


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

CHLAMYDIA


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

CHLAMYDIA


Chlamydia left untreated

CHLAMYDIA Left Untreated

Females

  • Infertility

  • Tubal pregnancies

  • PID – Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

    Males

  • Injury to reproductive organs

  • Swollen & tender testicles

    Infants of Infected Mothers

  • Illness

  • Blindness


Pelvic inflammatory disease pid females only symptoms

Bacterial

Caused by the migration of a bacterial infection from the vagina

Pelvic pain

Vaginal discharge

Long & painful periods

Spotting between periods

Fever

Painful urination

Nausea

PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE (PID) Females only - symptoms


Pid if left untreated

PID – If Left Untreated

  • Infertility

  • Tubal pregnancies

  • Chronic pelvic pain

  • May require surgery to correct


Gonorrhea bacterial symptoms often none

GONORRHEA – BacterialSymptoms – Often None

  • Infects mucous membranes, including the genital mucous membranes

  • Discharge

  • Painful urination

  • Left untreated – PID in females – scarring of urethra in men (painful urination)


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

GONORRHEA


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

GONORRHEA


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

GONORRHEA


Syphilis bacterial

SYPHILIS - Bacterial

  • Transmitted by touching & sexual contact

  • Symptoms/signs: Causes ulcers or chancres

    STAGES:

    • 1. chancre

    • 2. rash

    • 3. none= death

  • Cured with antibiotics in stages 1 & 2

  • If untreated, it can lead to mental & physical disabilities & premature death


Syphilis

SYPHILIS

SYPHILIS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

SYPHILIS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

SYPHILIS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

SYPHILIS


Syphilis1

Syphilis


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

SYPHILIS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

SYPHILIS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

SYPHILIS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

SYPHILIS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

SYPHILIS


Syphilis2

SYPHILIS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

SYPHILIS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

SYPHILIS


Syphilis3

SYPHILIS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

SYPHILIS


4 common stds caused by viruses

4 Common STDs Caused By Viruses

  • Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

  • Genital Herpes

  • Hepatitis

  • Human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV)

  • Symptoms can be treated

  • There is NO CURE for viral STDs


Human papilloma virus hpv genital warts

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)(Genital Warts)

  • Transmitted by touching and sexual contact

  • Symptoms/signs: warts or bumps

  • It can cause cervical cancer in females

  • No cure - can be removed with laser treatment


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

STAGE 1 – HPV - GENITAL WARTS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

HPV – GENITAL WARTS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

HPV – GENITAL WARTS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

HPV – GENITAL WARTS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

HPV

GENITAL WARTS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

HPV – GENITAL WARTS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

HPV – GENITAL WARTS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

HPV – GENITAL WARTS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

HPV – GENITAL WARTS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

HPV – GENITAL WARTS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

HPV – GENITAL WARTS


Hpv genital warts

HPV GENITAL WARTS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

HPV – ANUS WARTS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

HPV – ANUS WARTS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

HPV – ANAL WARTS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

HPV – ANAL WARTS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

HPV - ORAL WARTS


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

HPV - ORAL WARTS


Genital herpes type ii

GENITAL HERPES (TYPE II)

  • Virus

  • Transmitted sexually and kissing

  • Symptoms/signs: blisters (not always)

  • No cure! Medicine to reduce outbreaks


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

Oral Herpes Simplex


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

Oral Herpes


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

Oral Herpes


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

Genital Herpes


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

  • Genital Herpes


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

Genital Herpes


Hepatitis b virus

HEPATITIS B - Virus

  • Attacks liver

  • Transmitted through

    • Urine

    • Saliva

    • Blood

    • Semen

    • Vaginal secretions

  • Symptoms/signs:

    • Dark urine

    • Yellow skin

    • Yellow eyes “jaundice”

  • No cure!


3 common stds caused by parasites

3 Common STDs Caused By Parasites

  • Pubic lice

  • Scabies

  • Trichomoniasis

  • Can be cured with medication

  • If treated early, they will not cause permanent damage to your health


Pubic lice crabs parasite

PUBIC LICE “CRABS” - Parasite

  • Transmitted by casual & sexual contact, sharing towels, sharing clothes, sleeping in bed w/crabs

  • Symptoms/signs:

    • Bite marks/scabs

    • Constant itching

  • Cured w/special soaps & bleaching entire house


Pubic lice crabs

PUBIC LICE“Crabs”


Pubic lice crabs1

PUBIC LICE“Crabs”


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

PUBIC LICE


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

PUBIC LICE


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

PUBIC LICE –

INFECTING THE EYE


Scabies parasitic

SCABIES - Parasitic

  • Mites

  • Transmitted by sexual & casual contact

  • Symptoms/signs: itching

  • Cured by using medicated shampoos & lotions


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

SCABIES


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

SCABIES - Abdomen


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

SCABIES - Baby


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

SCABIES - Baby


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

SCABIES - Baby


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

SCABIES


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

SCABIES


Scabies

SCABIES


Common stds sexually transmitted diseases or stis sexually transmitted infections

SCABIES


Trichomoniasis parasitic

Trichomoniasis - Parasitic

  • Usually passed sexually,

  • Can be picked up from contact w/damp or moist objects such as

    • towels,

    • wet clothing,

    • or a toilet seat, if the genital area gets in contact w/these damp or moist objects.


Trichomoniasis symptoms

TRICHOMONIASIS - Symptoms

  • Usually none

  • If women do have symptoms, they usually appear 5 to 28 days after exposure & can include:

  • yellow, green, or gray vaginal discharge (often foamy) with a strong odor

  • discomfort during sex and when urinating

  • irritation and itching in the genital area

  • lower abdominal pain in rare cases


Being responsible about stds

Being Responsible About STDs

  • Seek medical help right away

  • Complete the full course of medications

  • Have follow-up testing done

  • Avoid all sexual activity while being treated

  • Notify all sexual partners


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