Clement Attlee. In 1935 elected leader of Labour Party. Served in war cabinet of Churchill. Became Prime Minister upon the Labour Party victory in 1945, while at Potsdam. Ernest Bevin.
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West Germany’s first Chancellor, he formed the Christian Democratic Union Party uniting Protestants and Catholics. His primary focus as chancellor was on a sovereign, democratic West German state solidly anchored in the West.
Was a member of the Socialist Party of Germany (SPD) and mayor of West Berlin in the late 1950s and early 1960s during a very turbulent period in the city’s history. He was elected Chancellor of West Germany in 1969. Brandt was an fervent anti-Communist but adopted a more pragmatic approach known as “Ostpolitik”
The Prime Minister of Great Britain during World War II. His party lost power in 1945 but he was elected to the Prime Minister post again from 1951 to 1955. He was responsible for the phrase “Iron Curtain” used in a 1946 speech in Fulton, Missouri.
He was Soviet ambassador to the U.S. from 1943-46, UN representative 1946-48, deputy foreign minister 1946-49 and foreign minister 1957 to 1985. He played a major role in developing and implementing Soviet Cold War policy.
Founding member of the French Communist Party, founded the Indochinese Communist Party, studied in Moscow and fought alongside of Mao, in 1940 returned to Vietnam and founded the Viet Minh, League for Independence. After the split of Vietnam at the Geneva Conference he became leader of North Vietnam
State Department official who is given credit for formulation the concept of containment. He is the author of the “Long Telegram” and the “X Article” both of which discuss the policy of containment as the method neede to address the “Soviet threat”.
U.S. senator from Wisconsin who became famous for his accusations that the State Department and federal government were overrun by communists. This period of distrust during the early 1950s is known by the senator’s name, McCarthyism.
Cofounded the Bolshevik newspaper Pravda with Stalin. Sided with Stalin after Lenin’s death. In 1939 he became commisar of foreign affairs, in that position he negotiated the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, was involved in the peace conferences and led the rejection of the Marshall Plan.
Ruler of the U.S.S.R. from 1929 until 1953. Rose from Secretary of the Communist Party in 1922 to take control of government in 1929. After Lenin’s death was able to consolidate support and oust opponents such as Leon Trotsky in order to take control of the country. Post WWII goal was to surround Soviet Union with a buffer zone of friendly nations.
President during the beginning of the Cold War. His administration was responsible for the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan and dealt with the Soviets over the Berlin Blockade by instituting the Berlin Airlift. The policy of containment was developed during this period