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Pierre-Yves Bernard & Christophe Michaut Centre de recherche en éducation de Nantes (CREN)

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The effects of the fight against early school-leaving: Back to education or school-to-work transition?. Pierre-Yves Bernard & Christophe Michaut Centre de recherche en éducation de Nantes (CREN). www.univ-nantes.fr. Introduction. A french paradox:

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The effects of the fight against early school-leaving: Back to education or school-to-work transition?

Pierre-Yves Bernard & Christophe Michaut

Centre de recherche en éducation de Nantes (CREN)

www.univ-nantes.fr

introduction
Introduction
  • A french paradox:
  • 17% of young people leaving the education system with no qualifications
  • But
  • A large range of schemes addressing early school-leaving
slide3

Labour market

Missions locales (young people who left school for at least six months)

MGI (students aged 16 and +)

Prevention schemes (compulsory school) : réseaux d’aides, PRE, dispositifs relais, …

Educational system

the study
The study
  • A longitudinal investigation involving young people identified by the Mission Générale d’Insertion (MGI)
  • Sample size: 1501
  • Variables:
  • independent variables:
  • socio-demographic characteristics (age, sex, parents’ social background, ethnic origin, family circumstances),
  • experiences at school (academic performance, study options, approach to learning and relationship with figures in the school environment)
  • programme followed or not
  • dependent variable:
  • young people’s pathways for three years
results 2 effects of the scheme on young people s pathways
Results(2): Effects of the scheme on young people’s pathways
  • Effects of young people’s social andindividual characteristics:
  • Sex: girls more likely to follow an uncertainty pathway than a stable employment pathway, and an education/training pathway rather than an employment pathway
  • Age: the younger the participant, the higher the probability of following an education/training pathway
  • Nationality: having a father who was born abroadreduces the probability of being in the "employment" pathway rather than any other pathway, and increases the probability of the "education/training" and the "education/training then employment" pathways
  • Socio-professional background: children of executives and middle-earning professions more likely than others to be in "education/training"
  • Level of education when joining the scheme: the lowest levels of education or training (leaving school at collège level) reduce the probability of following an education/training pathway; the highest level of education or training reduces the risk of following the unemployment pathway.
results 2 effects of the scheme on young people s pathways1
Results(2): Effects of the scheme on young people’s pathways
  • Effects of the scheme:
  • a protection from unemployment;
  • Effects of the type of programme:
  • Studying for a vocational qualification is a move away from education and towards employment whereas studying for the baccalaureate has the opposite effect
  • Effects according the level of education when joining the scheme:
  • following an MGI programme has no significant impact on the young people’s pathways when they have a very low level.
  • The MGI encourages the return to education or training for the others.
conclusion
Conclusion
  • A huge uncertainty in the pathways of early school-leavers beginning their professional integration
  • Fight against underachieving must provide effective prevention of early school leaving by giving all young people basic knowledge and skills
  • Securing the pathways of young people in the labour market is essential to make effective integration initiatives possible
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