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U.S. History 11. Culture of the 80’s. Technology. More people are using personal computers (PC’s) in their homes, offices, and schools Columbia- U.S.’s first reusable spacecraft. Major Events. January 1986- explosion of the Challenger just after take off All seven astronauts were killed

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U s history 11

U.S. History 11

Culture of the 80’s


Technology
Technology

  • More people are using personal computers (PC’s) in their homes, offices, and schools

  • Columbia- U.S.’s first reusable spacecraft


Major events
Major Events

  • January 1986- explosion of the Challenger just after take off

    • All seven astronauts were killed

  • 1988- Human Genome Project

  • Sandra Day O’Connor became the first female Supreme Court Justice

  • Hostages in Iran were released in 1981

  • Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated


Major events1
Major Events

  • Geraldine Ferraro was the first female presidential candidate

  • Jesse Jackson was the first black presidential candidate

  • Sexual revolution of the 70’s encountered an adversary with the AIDS epidemic

  • Violent crime rates had tripled since 1960

  • Cocaine addiction was up by 35%

    • “Just Say No” campaign


Family life
Family Life

  • More divorces

  • More unwed couples living together

  • More single parent families

  • The two-earner family was even more common than in previous decades

  • More women earned college and advanced degrees, married, and had fewer children


Art

  • Popular to auction art from famous artists

    • Picasso's 'Yo' brought 5.4 million

    • By 1987, Van Gogh's 'Sunflowers' brought $39.9 million while 'Irises" brought $53.9 million

  • Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) reopened double its size


Books
Books

  • Espionage thrillers- Ken Follett, Tom Clancy

  • Top writers of the decade- Tom Clancy, Stephen King, Danielle Steele

  • Autobiographies became best sellers

    • All I Really Needed to Know I Learned in Kindergarten (Robert Fulgham)

    • The Beverly Hills Diet (Judy Mazel)

    • Miss Piggy's Guide to Life

    • Trump:  Surviving at the Top



Education
Education

  • Efforts to censor books tripled in the eighties

    • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, The Grapes of Wrath, and Catcher in the Rye were among books banned in New York State

  • College freshmen were more interested in status, power, and money than at any time during the past 15 years

    • Business Management was the most popular major.

  • Columbia University, the last all male Ivy League school, began accepting women in 1983


Fads

  • Team sports became popular

    • Mothers ran carpool after work, kids had after school and weekend cheerleading, baseball, football, soccer, gym, dance, and more

  • Nerd's became a hot commodity

    • Wealthy and brainy computer wizards like Stephen Wozniak and Steve Jobs helped

    • So did movies like Revenge of the Nerds, Lucas, and Stand by Me


Fads

  • Fast food- Taco Bell, McDonalds

  • Kids loved Sweetarts, Skittles, Nerds, Runts, Hubba Bubba Chewing Gum, and Five Alive

  • Collectibles- Smurf and E.T. paraphernalia, Cabbage Patch dolls, camcorders, video games (Nintendo, Pac Man, Game Boy), Rubik's Cube,  Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, and Barbies (now Hispanic, Black, Asian)


Fads and fashion
Fads and Fashion

  • New fads- discount air fares, “light” foods, aerobics, minivans, talk shows,  and Valley Girls

  •  Power dressing was in- Madonna was a big influence on young fashion

  • Anne Klein, Perry Ellis, Donna Karan, and Calvin Klein were popular designers

  • The Flashdance look had young and old in tank tops, tight-fitting pants or torn jeans, and leg-warmers

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SYrdZz-xbxo


Fads and fashion1
Fads and Fashion

  • Teens not wearing designer clothes opted for Michael Jackson's glove or Madonna's fishnet stockings, leather, and chains

  • Older women wore the Out of Africa look popularized by Meryl Streep

  • Sneakers

  • Tanning Salons


Fads and fashion2
Fads and Fashion

  • Fitness craze of the 80’s

  • http://www.buzzfeed.com/peggy/dancing-with-myself-the-vintage-80s-workout-vide?sub=1669768_433473


Music and media
Music and Media

  • Cable was born and MTV, originally intended to be promos for albums, had an enormous impact on music and young people

  • The digital compact disc (cd) revolutionized the music industry

  • Dances learned on MTV  included slam dancing, lambada, and break dancing

  • Pop, rock, new wave, punk, country,  and especially rap or hip hop became popular


Music and media1
Music and Media

  • Early hip hop/rap groups are MilliVanilli, M. C. Hammer, Vanilla Ice, Queen Latifah, and L.L. Cool J

  • Michael Jackson's album Thriller became the best selling album of all time

  • Madonna had a major impact on fashion, the ‘vogue’ dance move, and pop music




Theater
Theater

  • Revival musicals- West Side Story, The Music Man, Anything Goes, Me and My Gal, Brigadoon, Grand Hotel, Gypsy, and The King and I

  • Sell out musicals- Cats, Les Miserables, Phantom of the Opera


Tv and movies
TV and Movies

  • 1981, VCR sales rose 72%

  • 1989, 60 percent of American households with televisions received cable service

  • Memorable movies of the decade included:

    • On Golden Pond

    • Tootsie

    • Arthur

    • E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial

    • The Big Chill

    • Flashdance

    • Beverly Hills Cop

    • Out of Africa

    • Back to the Future

  • The Breakfast Club

  • Platoon

  • Star Trek

  • Good Morning, Vietnam

  • Fatal Attraction

  • Rain Man

  • Driving Miss Daisy

  • Rocky IV

  • Wall Street

  • The Terminator



Tv and movies1
TV and Movies

  • Popular shows- Roseanne, Married...with Children, Cosby Show, Cheers, Golden Girls, The Wonder Years, AFV

  • Tabloid TV with Geraldo Rivera and Oprah Winfrey

  • Info-tainment included Nightline with Ted Koppel, CNN Cable News,20/20 with Hugh Downs and Barbara Walters, and  60 Minutes




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