Warm-up: Unscramble the words to make a complete, logical thought. poem structure arrangement the is of the in poem a the lines of a. Answer: The structure of a poem is the arrangement of the lines in a poem. Additionally: Structure is often easy to identify. The lines act like sentences.
Answer: The structure of a poem is the arrangement of the lines in a poem.
Poetry StructureReference: “Coach” – Georgia GPS Edition
Listen my children, and you shall hear
Of the midnight ride of Paul Revere,
On the eighteenth of April, in Seventy-five;
Hardly a man is now alive
Who remembers that famous day and year.
April is the cruelest month, breeding
Lilacs out of the dead land, mixing
Memory and desire, stirring
Dull roots with spring rain
“The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe
Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary
Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore, -
While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,
As of someone gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.
“Tis some visitor,” I muttered, “tapping at my chamber door;
Only this and nothing more.”
Ah, distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December
And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor
Eagerly I wished the morrow; - vainly I had sought to borrow
From my books surcease of sorrow – sorrow for the lost Lenore,
For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name Lenore:
Nameless here for evermore
A. free form
B. fixed form
Hint: The repeated patterns and sounds of “The Raven help to define its structure.
2. What is the structure and pattern of “The Raven?”
A. Every line ends on the same rhyming word.
B. Themes are repeated in each stanza.
C. The sounds are repeated in a pattern.
D. It is unrhymed in a repeated pattern.
Hint: Repeat the poem out loud, softly to yourself, and hear the sounds that repeat.
Answer = B
Answer = C
Between the dark and the daylight,
When the night is beginning to lower
Comes a pause in the day’s occupations,
That is known as the Children’s Hour.
I hear in the chamber above me
The patter of little feet,
The sound of a door that is opened,
And voices soft and sweet.
From my study I see in the lamplight,
Descending the broad hall stair,
Grave Alice, and laughing Allegra,
And Edith with golden hair.
A whisper, and then a silence:
Yet I know by their merry eyes
They are plotting and planning together
To take me by surprise.
A sudden rush from the stairway,
A sudden raid from the hall!
By three doors left unguarded
They enter my castle wall
They climb up into my turret
O’er the arms and back of my chair;
If I try to escape, they surround me;
They seem to be everywhere.
They almost devour me with kisses,
Their arms about me entwine,
Till I think of the Bishop of Bingen
In his Mouse-Tower on the Rhine!
Do you think, O blue-eyed banditti,
Because you have scaled the wall,
Such an old mustache as I am
Is not a match for you all!
I have you fast in my fortress,
And will not let you depart,
But put you down into the dungeon
In the round-tower of my heart.
And there will I keep you forever,
Yes, forever and a day,
Till the walls shall crumble to ruin,
And moulder in dust away!
Answer = B
Answer = D
Answer = A
Answer = D
Answer = B
Poetry contains a variety of devices that use sound. Although poetry is generally thought of today as a written form, it had its beginnings in songs and poetry spoken aloud. Therefore, the way the words of a poem sound together is often a major part of that poem’s effect.
Examples: alliteration, onomatopoeia,
NOW YOU THINK OF SOME…
Onomatopoeia is another device that creates sounds in the reader’s mind. The poet uses words that sound like what they describe: sizzle, crackle, zip, boom.
Rhyme Scheme: This is a set pattern that determines which words in a poem will rhyme. Usually, this is the last word of certain lines of a stanza. Rarely do all the last words rhyme.
from… “The Highwayman”, by Alfred Noyes (an internal rhyme uses words that create a pattern within a stanza)
… The wind was a torrent of darkness among the gusty trees, line 1 A
The moon was a ghostly galleon tossed upon cloudy seas, line 2 A
The road was a ribbon of moonlight over the purple moor, line 3 B
And the highwayman came riding - - line 4 C
Riding – riding – line 5 C
The highwayman came riding, up to the old inn door… line 6 B
You will be divided into groups. You group will be responsible for reading the poem on the next slide and writing down all the examples that you find of alliteration and onomatopoeia. You must also identify the rhyme scheme.
(1) `Twas brillig, and the slithy toves Did gyre and gimble in the wabe:All mimsy were the borogoves, And the mome raths outgrabe.
(5 ) "Beware the Jabberwock, my son! The jaws that bite, the claws that catch!Beware the Jubjub bird, and shun The frumious Bandersnatch!"
(9) He took his vorpal sword in hand: Long time the manxome foe he sought --So rested he by the Tumtum tree, And stood awhile in thought.
(13) And, as in uffish thought he stood, The Jabberwock, with eyes of flame,Came whiffling through the tulgey wood, And burbled as it came!
(17) One, two! One, two! And through and through The vorpal blade went snicker-snack!He left it dead, and with its head He went galumphing back.
(21) "And, has thou slain the Jabberwock? Come to my arms, my beamish boy!O frabjous day! Callooh! Callay!' He chortled in his joy. (25) `Twas brillig, and the slithy toves Did gyre and gimble in the wabe;All mimsy were the borogoves, And the mome raths outgrabe.