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Leadership Non-Communication Approaches. Chapter 10 February 28, 2002. Overview. Perspectives Relational, Interactional , Structural, Functional, Motivational, Perceptual Group Leadership Approaches Trait “Great Man Theory of Leadership” PERSONALITY Style (e.g., Task & Maintenance Styles)

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leadership non communication approaches

LeadershipNon-Communication Approaches

Chapter 10

February 28, 2002

overview
Overview
  • Perspectives
    • Relational, Interactional, Structural, Functional, Motivational, Perceptual
  • Group Leadership Approaches
    • Trait “Great Man Theory of Leadership”
      • PERSONALITY
    • Style (e.g., Task & Maintenance Styles)
      • MANNER
    • Situational
      • SITUATION
    • Contingency Approach (LPC)
      • RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN VARIABLES
      • trait and situation interaction
      • Style variables
group leadership perspectives
Group Leadership Perspectives
  • Relational – (interdependent relationships) a group’s leader is the person who is able to act the most independently in relation to the other group members.
  • Interactional – (interaction) a group’s leader is the person who leads by controlling the interaction that can take place.
  • Structural – (roles & norms) natural leadership; a group’s leader is the person who plays the role of “leader” and who performs leadership behaviors.
  • Functional – (social system with goals) leaders are able to perform certain functions to help groups succeed.
  • Motivational – (react to some force) leaders are associated with the force the guides the group (provides drive or determines means for satisfying it).
  • Perceptual – (define and perceive themselves as a group) a group’s leader is determined by group perception.
  • Pavitt’s Perspective
group leadership approaches
Group Leadership Approaches
  • TRAIT APPROACH - People have special qualities that cause them to assume leadership positions in any situation.
  • “Great Man Theory”
  • RQ: What specific characteristics distinguish leaders from other group members?
  • Leadership can be predicted by considering the impact of one variable, the personality of the leader.
  • FLAWED APPROACH
group leadership approaches1
Group Leadership Approaches
  • STYLE APPROACH – Leadership is “task-specific” such that a leader’s style determines her or his success.
  • RQ: What leadership style is most appropriate for a given task?
  • Leadership can be explained through the effect of one variable, the manner by which the leader leads.
  • Kurt Lewin’s Three Styles of Leadership
    • Autocratic, Democratic & Laissez Faire
  • Task and Maintenance as Leadership Styles
    • Task (Production) & Maintenance (People)
    • Figure 10.4 – page 12
group leadership approaches2
Group Leadership Approaches
  • SITUATIONAL APPROACH – Leadership is “situation-specific” such that different leadership styles are effective in different situations.
  • RQ: What leadership styles are most appropriate for specific group circumstances (follower maturity level; questions answered)
  • Hersey & Blanchard’s (1982) “Life Cycle Theory”
    • Maturity level of followers plays an important role in selecting appropriate leadership behavior.
    • Follower Readiness X Leader Behavior (guidance X support)
  • Vroom & Yetton’s (1973) “Decision-Making Theory”
    • “Normative Decision Theory”
    • Developed rules for leaders to follow when selecting among styles
group leadership approaches3
Group Leadership Approaches
  • CONTINGENCY APPROACH – Leadership is best explained by considering the impact of multiple variables simultaneously; concerned with how leadership traits and styles can effect how successful a leader will be in differing group situations
  • RQ: What strategies can be used to select the best person to perform task leadership functions?
  • Fiedler’s (1964, 1967, 1978) “Contingency Theory”
    • Least Preferred Co-worker – LPC
    • Leader-member relations
    • Task structure
    • Position power
  • TRAIT, SITUATION, TASK/SITUATION
summary
Summary
  • Perspectives
    • Relational, Interactional, Structural, Functional, Motivational, Perceptual
  • Group Leadership Approaches
    • Trait “Great Man Theory of Leadership”
      • PERSONALITY
    • Style (e.g., Task & Maintenance Styles)
      • MANNER
    • Situational
      • SITUATION
    • Contingency Approach (LPC)
      • RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN VARIABLES
      • trait and situation interaction
      • Style variables
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