Leadership non communication approaches
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Leadership Non-Communication Approaches. Chapter 10 February 28, 2002. Overview. Perspectives Relational, Interactional , Structural, Functional, Motivational, Perceptual Group Leadership Approaches Trait “Great Man Theory of Leadership” PERSONALITY Style (e.g., Task & Maintenance Styles)

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Leadership Non-Communication Approaches

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Leadership non communication approaches

LeadershipNon-Communication Approaches

Chapter 10

February 28, 2002


Overview

Overview

  • Perspectives

    • Relational, Interactional, Structural, Functional, Motivational, Perceptual

  • Group Leadership Approaches

    • Trait “Great Man Theory of Leadership”

      • PERSONALITY

    • Style (e.g., Task & Maintenance Styles)

      • MANNER

    • Situational

      • SITUATION

    • Contingency Approach (LPC)

      • RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN VARIABLES

      • trait and situation interaction

      • Style variables


Group leadership perspectives

Group Leadership Perspectives

  • Relational – (interdependent relationships) a group’s leader is the person who is able to act the most independently in relation to the other group members.

  • Interactional – (interaction) a group’s leader is the person who leads by controlling the interaction that can take place.

  • Structural – (roles & norms) natural leadership; a group’s leader is the person who plays the role of “leader” and who performs leadership behaviors.

  • Functional – (social system with goals) leaders are able to perform certain functions to help groups succeed.

  • Motivational – (react to some force) leaders are associated with the force the guides the group (provides drive or determines means for satisfying it).

  • Perceptual – (define and perceive themselves as a group) a group’s leader is determined by group perception.

  • Pavitt’s Perspective


Group leadership approaches

Group Leadership Approaches

  • TRAIT APPROACH - People have special qualities that cause them to assume leadership positions in any situation.

  • “Great Man Theory”

  • RQ: What specific characteristics distinguish leaders from other group members?

  • Leadership can be predicted by considering the impact of one variable, the personality of the leader.

  • FLAWED APPROACH


Group leadership approaches1

Group Leadership Approaches

  • STYLE APPROACH – Leadership is “task-specific” such that a leader’s style determines her or his success.

  • RQ: What leadership style is most appropriate for a given task?

  • Leadership can be explained through the effect of one variable, the manner by which the leader leads.

  • Kurt Lewin’s Three Styles of Leadership

    • Autocratic, Democratic & Laissez Faire

  • Task and Maintenance as Leadership Styles

    • Task (Production) & Maintenance (People)

    • Figure 10.4 – page 12


Group leadership approaches2

Group Leadership Approaches

  • SITUATIONAL APPROACH – Leadership is “situation-specific” such that different leadership styles are effective in different situations.

  • RQ: What leadership styles are most appropriate for specific group circumstances (follower maturity level; questions answered)

  • Hersey & Blanchard’s (1982) “Life Cycle Theory”

    • Maturity level of followers plays an important role in selecting appropriate leadership behavior.

    • Follower Readiness X Leader Behavior (guidance X support)

  • Vroom & Yetton’s (1973) “Decision-Making Theory”

    • “Normative Decision Theory”

    • Developed rules for leaders to follow when selecting among styles


Group leadership approaches3

Group Leadership Approaches

  • CONTINGENCY APPROACH – Leadership is best explained by considering the impact of multiple variables simultaneously; concerned with how leadership traits and styles can effect how successful a leader will be in differing group situations

  • RQ: What strategies can be used to select the best person to perform task leadership functions?

  • Fiedler’s (1964, 1967, 1978) “Contingency Theory”

    • Least Preferred Co-worker – LPC

    • Leader-member relations

    • Task structure

    • Position power

  • TRAIT, SITUATION, TASK/SITUATION


Summary

Summary

  • Perspectives

    • Relational, Interactional, Structural, Functional, Motivational, Perceptual

  • Group Leadership Approaches

    • Trait “Great Man Theory of Leadership”

      • PERSONALITY

    • Style (e.g., Task & Maintenance Styles)

      • MANNER

    • Situational

      • SITUATION

    • Contingency Approach (LPC)

      • RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN VARIABLES

      • trait and situation interaction

      • Style variables


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