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INTERTANKO. Maritime Security – The Tanker Industry’s Concerns Presented by John C. Fawcett-Ellis Legal Counsel & Regional Manager Asia-Pacific Kuala Lumpur, 30 June 2004. representing responsible oil and chemical tanker owners worldwide

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Maritime Security – The Tanker Industry’s Concerns

Presented by

John C. Fawcett-Ellis

Legal Counsel & Regional Manager Asia-Pacific

Kuala Lumpur, 30 June 2004

  • representing responsible oil and chemical tanker owners worldwide

  • promoting Safer Ships, CleanerSeas and Free Competition

  • strict membership criteria based on quality and performance

The International Association of Independent Tanker OwnersINTERTANKO today

  • 240 Members

  • 2,200 tankers

  • 160 million dwt

  • Average age: 13.5 years

  • 270 Associate Members

  • 27 Staff /6 Consultants





INTERTANKO in Asia - Pacific


  • Australia – Botany Bay Shipping Group

  • China – Hebei Ocean Shipping Co, Cosco Dalian (Ass. Member), China Shipping, Nanjing Tanker Corporation & Sinochem Shipping

  • Hong Kong – Anglo-Eastern, Associated Maritime, Eurasia, Fairmont, HK Ming Wah, Parakou, TCC, Unique, Wah Kwong & Wallem

  • Japan – Daiichi Chuo, Daitoh Trading, Iino Lines, Kawasaki Line, Kyoei Tanker, Meiji Shipping, Mitsui OSK, Tokyo Marine, NYK, Nissho, Shinwa, Taiheiyo, Yuyo

  • Malaysia – MISC, Aurora, Sutrajaya, Barber Shipmanagement

  • Singapore – NAS, Petroships, PCL, Thome, TESMA, World Tankers,

  • South Korea – SK Shipping, Hanjin (Ass Member)

The Tanker Industry’s Concerns:

Safety/Security of our crews

Safety/Security of our vessels

The ability to provide an efficient transportation solution to our customers

The Regulator’s Concerns:

  • Crew on board are a potential security threat

  • The vessel is a potential security threat

  • The cargo is dangerous

The Reality:

  • NO attacks from any crew to date

  • NO attacks from any commercial vessel

  • 1 major attack against a tanker

  • Numerous attacks by pirates or robbers against our crews and vessels

  • Our crews are not welcome ashore

  • World wide terrorism is on the increase – ”expect the unexpected”

  • Questionable whether tankers are the vessel type which presents the greatest security risk – query whether the Limburg attack achieved its objectives


  • The responsible tanker operating community has risen to the challenge to comply, but some are let down by flag state administrations

  • The majority of port facilities will fail to meet the 1 July deadline

  • Are our crews and vessels any safer as a result?

Security in the Straits:

  • Petty theft from vessels at anchor on the increase

  • Highjackings of vessels on the increase

  • 61 attacks against vessels whilst under passage in SE Asia (9 in the Malacca Straits)

  • Will vessels be the next modus operandi of the terrorists?

Where are we today?

  • Is a cross boarder pursuit possible – NO

  • Joint excercises – YES

  • Joint patrols – Yes

  • Shared intelligence – YES

  • Inreased patrols – NO

  • Any focus on the route cause of the problem, viz. disabling pirates ashore? - No

The Political Agenda – Good News

  • Over the last 6 months – shift from anti-piracy to securing safe navigation of the Straits and safeguarding the integrity of the region

  • This issue is moving up the political agenda

  • Indonesia, Malaysia & Singapore agree to joint patrols

The Key Distinction


  • Attacks on vessels underway which are totally unacceptable and are the most alarming; and

  • Attacks on vessels at anchor or within a port

What should be done?

  • Action not just talk

  • More patrols

  • Make cross boarder pursuit a reality

  • Increased cooperation

  • The industry is willing to engage

  • If regional resources are not sufficient then seek to cooperate with others

What else?

  • Need to reduce the number of small craft that are not enaged in legitimate activities

  • Transponders mandatory on all small craft

  • Police need to weed out the rogues ashore

  • Need to regain the initiative – show of force/strength

  • Strong cooperation between security forces

  • Perhaps the use of helicopters to pursue/deter

Conclusion / Action Points:

  • SUA Convention and Draft Protocol – need for focussed discussion on this important convention

  • Focussed dialogue between the littoral states and industry to tackle the route causes of the piracy ashore

  • Concerned effort / crack down to stamp out the boarding of vessels transiting the Straits


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