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Aujoud’hui et Demain. Anna Johnson Rachel Sternlicht Renée Waller. La Grammaire. Le Futur. To describe upcoming events In English, formed with dual verbs “I will fly ” French has full conjugation “Je volerai ”. Conjugation: verb infinitive + ai ons

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aujoud hui et demain

Aujoud’hui et Demain

Anna Johnson

Rachel Sternlicht

Renée Waller

le futur
Le Futur
  • To describe upcoming events
  • In English, formed with dual verbs
    • “I will fly”
  • French has full conjugation
    • “Je volerai”
slide4

Conjugation: verb infinitive + aions

as ez

a ont

  • -er and –ir verbs
    • add correct ending directly to infinitive
  • -re verbs
    • dispose of final ‘e’ and add appropriate ending
slide5

Examples

  • -er: danser – to dance

danseraidanserons

danserasdanserez

danseradanseront

  • -ir: bondir – to leap

bondiraibondirons

bondirasbondirez

bondirabondiront

  • -re: perdre – to lose

perdraiperdrons

perdrasperdrez

perdraperdront

le futur irregular verbs
Le Futur – irregular verbs

acheter -> j’achèteraivouloir -> je voudrai

être -> je seraisavoir -> je saurai

avoir -> j’aurai

aller -> j’irai

faire -> je ferai

pouvoir -> je pourrai

voir -> je verrai

venir -> je viendrai

slide7

HOWEVER, English sentences which usually use the present tense after certain phrases

use the futur in french

  • I will leave as soon as I finish (present)
    • Je partiraidèsque je finirai(futur)
  • Other Phrases Include:

après que->afterlorsque ->when

aussitôt que->as soonas quand ->when

dès que ->as soonas une fois que ->once

espérer que->to hopethat

best part about the future
Best Part About the Future….
  • The same irregular verbs and their stems are used to form the

CONDITIONAL!

le conditionnel
Le Conditionnel
  • Describes unguaranteed events – dependent on other conditions
  • Use in polite requests
    • I would like some tea
    • Je voudraisdu thé
slide10

Conjugation:

Exactly like le futur (same stems, even irregular verbs) except with imperfect tense endings

Infinitive + ais ions

aisiez

aitaient

si clauses
Si Clauses
  • If ….. Then….
    • Can be reversed but ‘si’ must always stay with the verb it is added to
  • Si + present ,present
  • Si + present ,futur
  • Si + imperfect , conditional
slide12

present/present – factual, happens regularly

    • If I am sad, I eat chocolate.
    • Si je suistriste, je mange du chocolat.
    • Reverse: Je mange du chocolatsije suistriste.
  • present/futur – likely to occur
    • If you fall, I will help you.
    • Si tutombe, je t’aiderai.
    • Reverse: Je t’aideraisitutombe.
  • imperfect/conditional – unlikely to occur –> this would happen
    • If I had the time, I would do it.
    • Si j\'avais le temps, je le ferais.
    • Reverse: Je le ferais si j’avais le temps.
le subjonctif
Le Subjonctif
  • After a subjective, not indicative clause
    • Entirely different umbrella, man.
    • Won’t necessarily happen!! Doubtful, uncertain

Subjunctive

Indicative

slide14

Conjugation:

    • ils form present tense
    • drop –entending
    • Add subjunctive ending
  • Example:
    • They study
    • Ilsetudient
    • Ilsetudi/
    • T’etudies – you study (but you might not)
subjunctive endings
Subjunctive Endings

-e -ions

-es-iez

-e -ent

  • Usually follows a commanding phrase such as “ilestimportanteque…” or “ilfautque…”
  • Does not necessarily mean that the action will be done
irregular conjugations
Irregular Conjugations

êtrealler

soissoyonsailleallions

soissoyezaillesalliez

soitsoientailleaillent

avoirfaire

aieayonsfassefassions

aiesayezfassesfassiez

aitaientfassefassent

more irregular subjunctive conjugations
More Irregular Subjunctive Conjugations

savoirvouloir

sachesachionsveuillevoulions

sachessachiezveuillesvouliez

sachesachentveuilleveuillent

pouvoirpleuvoir – ilpleuve

puissepuissions

puissespuissiezfalloir – il faille

puissepuissent

devoir
Devoir
  • Overarching verb definition:
    • to have to

*obligation and probability*

*expecation and inevitability*

  • Noun:
    • Le devoir
    • Homework, duty
basic conjugations
Basic Conjugations

Present Subjontif

Je dois Nous devons Je doive Nous devions

TudoisVousdevezTudoivesVousdeviez

Il devraIlsdoivent Il doiveIlsdoivent

Futur Past Participle

Je devrai Nous devronsdû

TudevrasVousdevrez

Il devraIlsdevront

slide20

Obligation & Necessity

    • Must, have, need to
    • Ellesdoivent manger.
  • Probability & Suppostion
    • Should, will probably
    • Nous devonsgagner plus cetteannée.
  • Expectaion & Intention
    • Supposed to
    • Je devaisaller avec eux.
  • Fatalism & Inevitability
    • Had to, bound to
    • Il devaitperdre un jour.
slide21

Used to differentiate

Must vs. Should

  • Must: add absolument or vraiment
    • Je doisabsolumentpartir.
    • I must leave.
  • Should: conditional of devoir
    • Tudevraispartir
    • You should leave.
slide22

As a transitive verb, not followed by a verb….

“Pierre me doit 10 Euros.”

…. Means “to owe”.

Exemple:

“Jinx, tu me dois un Coca!”

les verbes sortir partir quitter laisser des significations diff rentes
Les verbessortir, partir, quitter, laisser: des significations différentes
  • Sortir- to go out, to get out of something, or to get something out
    • Je sorscesoir.
    • Tudoissortir de l’eau.
    • Nous allonssortir en bicyclette.
    • Il doitsortir la voiture du garage.
slide24

Partir– to leave in a general sense

    • Cannot be followed by a direct object but can be

followed by a preposition and an indefinite object

    • Nous partonsjeudi.
    • Ilspartent de Paris.
    • Je suisparti pour le Quebec.
slide25

Quitter - to leave someone or something

    • must be followed by a direct object
    • Ilsquittent la France.
    • Il quittesa femme.
    • You can say: Ne quittez pas!

(Don’t hang up!)

slide26

Laisser– to leave something, as in not taking it.

can also mean to leave someone alone.

    • J’ailaissémon sac chez Luc.
    • Laissez-moi du gâteau!
    • Laissez-moitranquille!
les pronoms y et en
Les pronoms: y et en
  • ‘y’ – place, location
    • “there”
  • ‘en’ – quantity, number
    • “some” or “any”
  • ‘y’ usually replaces à, chez, or dans
  • ‘en’ usually replaces de
slide28

Examples of ‘y’

    • We are going to the theater.
    • Nous allons au théâtre.
    • Nous y allons.
  • Examples of ‘en’
    • I wouldlikesomeflowers.
    • Je voudrais du fleurs.
    • J’en voudrais.
emphatic pronouns
Emphatic Pronouns

Emphasizes a noun or a

pronoun referring to a person

  • Used if there are more than one person
    • Lawrence et moifont jardineraujourd\'hui.
  • Also used with ‘même’
    • Lui-même– himself
    • Moi-même - myself
  • To indicate possession
    • Quels enfant est à toi?
slide31

Moi - me

Toi - you

Lui - him

Elle – her

Soi - oneself

Nous - us

Vous - you

Eux – them (m)

Elles – them (f)

c est ce sont vs il est ils sont
c’est/cesont vs. ilest/ilssont
  • C’est/cesont: describes a situation, with a modified adverb, with a modified noun, or with a proper name
    • C’est normal.
    • C’est trop tard.
    • C’estune bonne actrice.
    • C’est Madame Thompson!
slide33

Il est/ilssont: describes people with an unmodified adverb, unmodified noun, or with a prepostional phrase

    • Elle estintelligente.
    • Il esttard.
    • Il estavocat.
    • Elle est en France.
some quizzes
Some Quizzes
  • http://french.about.com/library/weekly/aa032500t.htm
  • http://french.about.com/library/verb/bl-toleavet.htm
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