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Aujoud’hui et Demain. Anna Johnson Rachel Sternlicht Renée Waller. La Grammaire. Le Futur. To describe upcoming events In English, formed with dual verbs “I will fly ” French has full conjugation “Je volerai ”. Conjugation: verb infinitive + ai ons

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Aujoud hui et demain

Aujoud’hui et Demain

Anna Johnson

Rachel Sternlicht

Renée Waller

La grammaire
La Grammaire

Le futur
Le Futur

  • To describe upcoming events

  • In English, formed with dual verbs

    • “I will fly”

  • French has full conjugation

    • “Je volerai”

  • Conjugation: verb infinitive + aions

    as ez

    a ont

  • -er and –ir verbs

    • add correct ending directly to infinitive

  • -re verbs

    • dispose of final ‘e’ and add appropriate ending

  • Examples

  • -er: danser – to dance




  • -ir: bondir – to leap




  • -re: perdre – to lose




Le futur irregular verbs
Le Futur – irregular verbs

acheter -> j’achèteraivouloir -> je voudrai

être -> je seraisavoir -> je saurai

avoir -> j’aurai

aller -> j’irai

faire -> je ferai

pouvoir -> je pourrai

voir -> je verrai

venir -> je viendrai

  • HOWEVER, English sentences which usually use the present tense after certain phrases

    use the futur in french

  • I will leave as soon as I finish (present)

    • Je partiraidèsque je finirai(futur)

  • Other Phrases Include:

    après que->afterlorsque ->when

    aussitôt que->as soonas quand ->when

    dès que ->as soonas une fois que ->once

    espérer que->to hopethat

Best part about the future
Best Part About the Future…. tense after

  • The same irregular verbs and their stems are used to form the


Le conditionnel
Le tense after Conditionnel

  • Describes unguaranteed events – dependent on other conditions

  • Use in polite requests

    • I would like some tea

    • Je voudraisdu thé

  • Conjugation: tense after

    Exactly like le futur (same stems, even irregular verbs) except with imperfect tense endings

    Infinitive + ais ions



Si clauses
Si Clauses tense after

  • If ….. Then….

    • Can be reversed but ‘si’ must always stay with the verb it is added to

  • Si + present ,present

  • Si + present ,futur

  • Si + imperfect , conditional

  • present/present – factual, happens regularly tense after

    • If I am sad, I eat chocolate.

    • Si je suistriste, je mange du chocolat.

    • Reverse: Je mange du chocolatsije suistriste.

  • present/futur – likely to occur

    • If you fall, I will help you.

    • Si tutombe, je t’aiderai.

    • Reverse: Je t’aideraisitutombe.

  • imperfect/conditional – unlikely to occur –> this would happen

    • If I had the time, I would do it.

    • Si j'avais le temps, je le ferais.

    • Reverse: Je le ferais si j’avais le temps.

Le subjonctif
Le tense after Subjonctif

  • After a subjective, not indicative clause

    • Entirely different umbrella, man.

    • Won’t necessarily happen!! Doubtful, uncertain



  • Conjugation: tense after

    • ils form present tense

    • drop –entending

    • Add subjunctive ending

  • Example:

    • They study

    • Ilsetudient

    • Ilsetudi/

    • T’etudies – you study (but you might not)

Subjunctive endings
Subjunctive Endings tense after

-e -ions


-e -ent

  • Usually follows a commanding phrase such as “ilestimportanteque…” or “ilfautque…”

  • Does not necessarily mean that the action will be done

Irregular conjugations
Irregular Conjugations tense after









More irregular subjunctive conjugations
More Irregular Subjunctive Conjugations tense after





pouvoirpleuvoir – ilpleuve


puissespuissiezfalloir – il faille


Devoir tense after

  • Overarching verb definition:

    • to have to

      *obligation and probability*

      *expecation and inevitability*

  • Noun:

    • Le devoir

    • Homework, duty

Basic conjugations
Basic Conjugations tense after

Present Subjontif

Je dois Nous devons Je doive Nous devions


Il devraIlsdoivent Il doiveIlsdoivent

Futur Past Participle

Je devrai Nous devronsdû


Il devraIlsdevront

  • Obligation & Necessity tense after

    • Must, have, need to

    • Ellesdoivent manger.

  • Probability & Suppostion

    • Should, will probably

    • Nous devonsgagner plus cetteannée.

  • Expectaion & Intention

    • Supposed to

    • Je devaisaller avec eux.

  • Fatalism & Inevitability

    • Had to, bound to

    • Il devaitperdre un jour.

  • Used to differentiate tense after

    Must vs. Should

  • Must: add absolument or vraiment

    • Je doisabsolumentpartir.

    • I must leave.

  • Should: conditional of devoir

    • Tudevraispartir

    • You should leave.

Les verbes sortir partir quitter laisser des significations diff rentes
Les tense after verbessortir, partir, quitter, laisser: des significations différentes

  • Sortir- to go out, to get out of something, or to get something out

    • Je sorscesoir.

    • Tudoissortir de l’eau.

    • Nous allonssortir en bicyclette.

    • Il doitsortir la voiture du garage.

  • Partir tense after – to leave in a general sense

    • Cannot be followed by a direct object but can be

      followed by a preposition and an indefinite object

    • Nous partonsjeudi.

    • Ilspartent de Paris.

    • Je suisparti pour le Quebec.

  • Quitter tense after - to leave someone or something

    • must be followed by a direct object

    • Ilsquittent la France.

    • Il quittesa femme.

    • You can say: Ne quittez pas!

      (Don’t hang up!)

  • Laisser tense after – to leave something, as in not taking it.

    can also mean to leave someone alone.

    • J’ailaissémon sac chez Luc.

    • Laissez-moi du gâteau!

    • Laissez-moitranquille!

Les pronoms y et en
Les tense after pronoms: y et en

  • ‘y’ – place, location

    • “there”

  • ‘en’ – quantity, number

    • “some” or “any”

  • ‘y’ usually replaces à, chez, or dans

  • ‘en’ usually replaces de

  • Examples of ‘y’ tense after

    • We are going to the theater.

    • Nous allons au théâtre.

    • Nous y allons.

  • Examples of ‘en’

    • I wouldlikesomeflowers.

    • Je voudrais du fleurs.

    • J’en voudrais.

Pronoun placement a k a the chart
Pronoun Placement a.k.a. tense after THE CHART

Emphatic pronouns
Emphatic Pronouns tense after

Emphasizes a noun or a

pronoun referring to a person

  • Used if there are more than one person

    • Lawrence et moifont jardineraujourd'hui.

  • Also used with ‘même’

    • Lui-même– himself

    • Moi-même - myself

  • To indicate possession

    • Quels enfant est à toi?

Moi tense after - me

Toi - you

Lui - him

Elle – her

Soi - oneself

Nous - us

Vous - you

Eux – them (m)

Elles – them (f)

C est ce sont vs il est ils sont
c’est tense after /cesont vs. ilest/ilssont

  • C’est/cesont: describes a situation, with a modified adverb, with a modified noun, or with a proper name

    • C’est normal.

    • C’est trop tard.

    • C’estune bonne actrice.

    • C’est Madame Thompson!

  • Il tense after est/ilssont: describes people with an unmodified adverb, unmodified noun, or with a prepostional phrase

    • Elle estintelligente.

    • Il esttard.

    • Il estavocat.

    • Elle est en France.

La proverbe
La tense after proverbe

Dis moi qui tu hantes je te dirai qui tu es
<< tense after Dis-moi qui tuhantes, je tedirai qui tues>>

Some quizzes
Some Quizzes tense after