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Aujoud’hui et Demain. Anna Johnson Rachel Sternlicht Renée Waller. La Grammaire. Le Futur. To describe upcoming events In English, formed with dual verbs “I will fly ” French has full conjugation “Je volerai ”. Conjugation: verb infinitive + ai ons

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Aujoud hui et demain

Aujoud’hui et Demain

Anna Johnson

Rachel Sternlicht

Renée Waller


La grammaire
La Grammaire


Le futur
Le Futur

  • To describe upcoming events

  • In English, formed with dual verbs

    • “I will fly”

  • French has full conjugation

    • “Je volerai”


  • Conjugation: verb infinitive + aions

    as ez

    a ont

  • -er and –ir verbs

    • add correct ending directly to infinitive

  • -re verbs

    • dispose of final ‘e’ and add appropriate ending


  • Examples

  • -er: danser – to dance

    danseraidanserons

    danserasdanserez

    danseradanseront

  • -ir: bondir – to leap

    bondiraibondirons

    bondirasbondirez

    bondirabondiront

  • -re: perdre – to lose

    perdraiperdrons

    perdrasperdrez

    perdraperdront


Le futur irregular verbs
Le Futur – irregular verbs

acheter -> j’achèteraivouloir -> je voudrai

être -> je seraisavoir -> je saurai

avoir -> j’aurai

aller -> j’irai

faire -> je ferai

pouvoir -> je pourrai

voir -> je verrai

venir -> je viendrai


  • HOWEVER, English sentences which usually use the present tense after certain phrases

    use the futur in french

  • I will leave as soon as I finish (present)

    • Je partiraidèsque je finirai(futur)

  • Other Phrases Include:

    après que->afterlorsque ->when

    aussitôt que->as soonas quand ->when

    dès que ->as soonas une fois que ->once

    espérer que->to hopethat


Best part about the future
Best Part About the Future…. tense after

  • The same irregular verbs and their stems are used to form the

    CONDITIONAL!


Le conditionnel
Le tense after Conditionnel

  • Describes unguaranteed events – dependent on other conditions

  • Use in polite requests

    • I would like some tea

    • Je voudraisdu thé


  • Conjugation: tense after

    Exactly like le futur (same stems, even irregular verbs) except with imperfect tense endings

    Infinitive + ais ions

    aisiez

    aitaient


Si clauses
Si Clauses tense after

  • If ….. Then….

    • Can be reversed but ‘si’ must always stay with the verb it is added to

  • Si + present ,present

  • Si + present ,futur

  • Si + imperfect , conditional


  • present/present – factual, happens regularly tense after

    • If I am sad, I eat chocolate.

    • Si je suistriste, je mange du chocolat.

    • Reverse: Je mange du chocolatsije suistriste.

  • present/futur – likely to occur

    • If you fall, I will help you.

    • Si tutombe, je t’aiderai.

    • Reverse: Je t’aideraisitutombe.

  • imperfect/conditional – unlikely to occur –> this would happen

    • If I had the time, I would do it.

    • Si j'avais le temps, je le ferais.

    • Reverse: Je le ferais si j’avais le temps.


Le subjonctif
Le tense after Subjonctif

  • After a subjective, not indicative clause

    • Entirely different umbrella, man.

    • Won’t necessarily happen!! Doubtful, uncertain

Subjunctive

Indicative


  • Conjugation: tense after

    • ils form present tense

    • drop –entending

    • Add subjunctive ending

  • Example:

    • They study

    • Ilsetudient

    • Ilsetudi/

    • T’etudies – you study (but you might not)


Subjunctive endings
Subjunctive Endings tense after

-e -ions

-es-iez

-e -ent

  • Usually follows a commanding phrase such as “ilestimportanteque…” or “ilfautque…”

  • Does not necessarily mean that the action will be done


Irregular conjugations
Irregular Conjugations tense after

êtrealler

soissoyonsailleallions

soissoyezaillesalliez

soitsoientailleaillent

avoirfaire

aieayonsfassefassions

aiesayezfassesfassiez

aitaientfassefassent


More irregular subjunctive conjugations
More Irregular Subjunctive Conjugations tense after

savoirvouloir

sachesachionsveuillevoulions

sachessachiezveuillesvouliez

sachesachentveuilleveuillent

pouvoirpleuvoir – ilpleuve

puissepuissions

puissespuissiezfalloir – il faille

puissepuissent


Devoir
Devoir tense after

  • Overarching verb definition:

    • to have to

      *obligation and probability*

      *expecation and inevitability*

  • Noun:

    • Le devoir

    • Homework, duty


Basic conjugations
Basic Conjugations tense after

Present Subjontif

Je dois Nous devons Je doive Nous devions

TudoisVousdevezTudoivesVousdeviez

Il devraIlsdoivent Il doiveIlsdoivent

Futur Past Participle

Je devrai Nous devronsdû

TudevrasVousdevrez

Il devraIlsdevront


  • Obligation & Necessity tense after

    • Must, have, need to

    • Ellesdoivent manger.

  • Probability & Suppostion

    • Should, will probably

    • Nous devonsgagner plus cetteannée.

  • Expectaion & Intention

    • Supposed to

    • Je devaisaller avec eux.

  • Fatalism & Inevitability

    • Had to, bound to

    • Il devaitperdre un jour.


  • Used to differentiate tense after

    Must vs. Should

  • Must: add absolument or vraiment

    • Je doisabsolumentpartir.

    • I must leave.

  • Should: conditional of devoir

    • Tudevraispartir

    • You should leave.



Les verbes sortir partir quitter laisser des significations diff rentes
Les tense after verbessortir, partir, quitter, laisser: des significations différentes

  • Sortir- to go out, to get out of something, or to get something out

    • Je sorscesoir.

    • Tudoissortir de l’eau.

    • Nous allonssortir en bicyclette.

    • Il doitsortir la voiture du garage.


  • Partir tense after – to leave in a general sense

    • Cannot be followed by a direct object but can be

      followed by a preposition and an indefinite object

    • Nous partonsjeudi.

    • Ilspartent de Paris.

    • Je suisparti pour le Quebec.


  • Quitter tense after - to leave someone or something

    • must be followed by a direct object

    • Ilsquittent la France.

    • Il quittesa femme.

    • You can say: Ne quittez pas!

      (Don’t hang up!)


  • Laisser tense after – to leave something, as in not taking it.

    can also mean to leave someone alone.

    • J’ailaissémon sac chez Luc.

    • Laissez-moi du gâteau!

    • Laissez-moitranquille!


Les pronoms y et en
Les tense after pronoms: y et en

  • ‘y’ – place, location

    • “there”

  • ‘en’ – quantity, number

    • “some” or “any”

  • ‘y’ usually replaces à, chez, or dans

  • ‘en’ usually replaces de


  • Examples of ‘y’ tense after

    • We are going to the theater.

    • Nous allons au théâtre.

    • Nous y allons.

  • Examples of ‘en’

    • I wouldlikesomeflowers.

    • Je voudrais du fleurs.

    • J’en voudrais.


Pronoun placement a k a the chart
Pronoun Placement a.k.a. tense after THE CHART


Emphatic pronouns
Emphatic Pronouns tense after

Emphasizes a noun or a

pronoun referring to a person

  • Used if there are more than one person

    • Lawrence et moifont jardineraujourd'hui.

  • Also used with ‘même’

    • Lui-même– himself

    • Moi-même - myself

  • To indicate possession

    • Quels enfant est à toi?


Moi tense after - me

Toi - you

Lui - him

Elle – her

Soi - oneself

Nous - us

Vous - you

Eux – them (m)

Elles – them (f)


C est ce sont vs il est ils sont
c’est tense after /cesont vs. ilest/ilssont

  • C’est/cesont: describes a situation, with a modified adverb, with a modified noun, or with a proper name

    • C’est normal.

    • C’est trop tard.

    • C’estune bonne actrice.

    • C’est Madame Thompson!


  • Il tense after est/ilssont: describes people with an unmodified adverb, unmodified noun, or with a prepostional phrase

    • Elle estintelligente.

    • Il esttard.

    • Il estavocat.

    • Elle est en France.


La proverbe
La tense after proverbe


Dis moi qui tu hantes je te dirai qui tu es
<< tense after Dis-moi qui tuhantes, je tedirai qui tues>>


Some quizzes
Some Quizzes tense after

  • http://french.about.com/library/weekly/aa032500t.htm

  • http://french.about.com/library/verb/bl-toleavet.htm


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