School-Based Healthy Living and HIV/AIDS
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School-Based Healthy Living and HIV/AIDS Prevention Education (SHAPE). What is SHAPE. School Curriculum for Grade 2-9 (Age 7 to 15-16 years)

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School based healthy living and hiv

School-Based Healthy Living and HIV/AIDS

Prevention Education (SHAPE)


School based healthy living and hiv

What is SHAPE

  • School Curriculum for Grade 2-9 (Age 7 to 15-16 years)

  • Equip young people with knowledge and skills of SHAPE through active participation and involvement of teachers, students, school principals, education officials, parents and other community members


School based healthy living and hiv

Why SHAPE

  • Emergence of HIV/AIDS as major health problem effecting larger population

  • Lack of knowledge & skills on prevention of HIV/AIDS among health professionals & the public


School based healthy living and hiv

Why SHAPE

  • Need to reach the most vulnerable groups: children and youth

  • Basic education schools could play a role to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS with teachers as health educators


School based healthy living and hiv

Objectives

  • To provide the necessary knowledge and skills to encourage the practice of life-long health promoting habits

  • To promote life and social skills to encourage safe behavior


School based healthy living and hiv

Objectives

  • To provide relevant HIV/AIDS preventive health information

  • To promote the practice of supportive care for one’s fellow human beings following principles of love and compassion


School based healthy living and hiv

Strategies

  • Implementation of SHAPE curriculum in schools (Child-centered, activity and process based, participatory, interactive group approach)

  • (Now towards life-skills competencies based assessment)


School based healthy living and hiv

Strategies

  • Promotion of healthy practices and behaviours through peer education, child to parent information dissemination and SHAPE in community


School based healthy living and hiv

Strategies

  • Involvement of education personnel, parents, teachers, communities and NGOs for promotion of healthy, clean, safe and secure school environments

  • Advocacy for acceptance and action of Educational Managers at different levels


School based healthy living and hiv

Health Promoting School

Community

SafeEnvironment

SoundNutritionPractices

HygienicPractices

SafeBehaviors

HeadTeachersStudentsParents

OBJECTIVES

HealthServices

Community

NGOs/INGOs

Interestedpersons

STRATEGIES

Home

SHAPE

Life Skills

Grade 2 - 9


School based healthy living and hiv

Components Outcomes

Healthy Living

a. Understanding your body (Grades 2-9) Developed healthy

(Reproductive health included) Practices and habit

b. Understanding your mind (Grades 4-8)

Curriculum


School based healthy living and hiv

Diseases (Grades 2-8)

(Diarrhoea, iodine deficiency, dengue, Become

tuberculosis, hepatitis, malaria, sexually knowledgeable,

transmitted diseases, HIV/AIDS) practice on

drugs and smoking preventive health

measures & families

& caregivers

practices love & care for the infected & affected

Components Outcomes

Curriculum


School based healthy living and hiv

Curriculum

Components Outcomes

Life Skills (Grades 2-9)

(Self awareness, self-esteem, Become self-

co-operation coping with emotions assertive, acting

& stress, communication skills, responsibly, choose

decision-making problem solving, safe behaviours

creative & critical thinking

counselling)


School based healthy living and hiv

How we did it...

  • Taskforce of DEPT, National AIDS project personnel & Ministry of Health

  • Development of SHAPE teacher’s Guide and students book (end of 1993-1996)


School based healthy living and hiv

How we did it...

  • Shifted away from disease oriented approach

  • Ensure relevance & appropriateness of the content in terms of student age, context in which materials were to be taught, the shortage of teachers (especially in rural schools) & lack of teaching aids


School based healthy living and hiv

Achievements

  • Coverage

    104 townships (98/02) 10,236 schools

    1,518,170 students

  • Formation of Township SHAPE Committee


School based healthy living and hiv

Achievements

  • Orientation training to education officials

  • Teacher Training 7-4 days 2,237/43,652

  • PTA Workshops 5/3/2 days  42,745

  • School Head Management 5 days  10,236


Achievements

Achievements

Director involvement of

DEPT Curriculum Team

(Both development of

curriculum & trainings)

Introduction of

“Life-Skills” subject in both primary (1999) & secondary (2001) level nationwide

Ownership


School based healthy living and hiv

Achievements

  • Acceptance of SHAPE at all levels

  • Positive response by students regarding health and social issues

  • Eagerness of parents to learn more about HIV/AIDS and acceptance level increased


School based healthy living and hiv

Lesson Learned

  • One short training of 4-6 days not sufficient for trainers and teachers to internalize the new information plus the new teaching methodologies


School based healthy living and hiv

Lesson Learned

  • Evolvement of training manuals & modules (on-going process of developing SHAPE)

  • School-head support plays a critical role


School based healthy living and hiv

Lesson Learned

  • Importance of feedback

    • Annual review meetings with township educators

    • Field monitoring (by trainers;…process)

    • Review meeting with teachers/students


School based healthy living and hiv

Constraints

  • inadequate state spending on education

  • teacher shortages/few teachers schools/ frequent teachers as well as education officials transfer

  • teachers to fulfil non-educational functions


School based healthy living and hiv

Constraints

  • Lack of supervision/discussion on teaching-learning process among teachers

  • Subject oriented teaching-learning

  • Overcrowded classroom


School based healthy living and hiv

SHAPE in Future…

  • Quality improvement for SHAPE-in-action in all activities

  • Expansion of SHAPE to Area Focus townships as a component of Child friendly schools

  • SHAPE and Life-skills to be merged

  • Reaching out-of-school 10-14 age groups


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