Q1. The process of learning associations between environmental events and behavioral responses is called: . stimulus discriminationstimulus generalizationextinctionconditioningmodeling. A1. The process of learning associations between environmental events and behavioral responses is called: .
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1. RAT 2: Learning Quiz Game Instructions: Choose the correct answer as a team. When I say go, hold up your answer using the cards. The team with the most points wins 1 extra points on the GRAT.
Ties will be settled with a coin flip or dance off
2. Q1. The process of learning associations between environmental events and behavioral responses is called: stimulus discrimination
3. A1. The process of learning associations between environmental events and behavioral responses is called: D. Conditioning
4. Q2. If exposure to inescapable and uncontrollable aversive events produces passive behavior, the response of passivity is termed: learned helplessness.
avoidance due to negative reinforcement.
5. A. Learned Helplessness Think of the study involving the dog Ö.
6. Q3. Road construction prevents you from getting to the shopping mall using the route that you always travel. You think about the situation for a moment and then come up with a different route to take. To figure out this alternative route, you are using what Tolman referred to as: biological preparedness.
a cognitive map.
7. A3. C Tolman worked with rats and found evidence that they were learning in the absence of reinforcement
8. Q4. Jenny was never afraid of dogs until she saw her older brother get bitten by a neighbor's Rottweiler. Now she is terrified of all dogs. Jenny's fear could be best explained by which model of learning? Classical conditioning
9. A4. Jenny was never afraid of dogs until she saw her older brother get bitten by a neighbor's Rottweiler. Now she is terrified of all dogs. Jenny's fear could be best explained by which model of learning? E. Since Jenny did not experience the dog bite herself, her fear is best explained by observational learning
10. Q5. Gregory decides to drive to Toronto to visit a college friend. After crossing the Canadian border, he discovers that the speed limits are posted in kilometers rather than miles per hour. Luckily, Gregory remembers that 1 kilometer equals 1.6 miles and that to convert kilometers to miles, he can multiply the number of kilometers by 0.6214. This method would be an example of a problem-solving strategy called: a heuristic.
trial and error.
11. A5. A. algorithm
12. Q6. In response to cutting up an onion, airborne irritants released by the onion will cause your eyes to automatically water or produce tears. Using Pavlov's terminology, the tears would be termed a(n): unconditioned stimulus (UCS).
unconditioned response (UCR).
conditioned stimulus (CS).
conditioned response (CR).
13. A6. B. Unconditioned Response (UR)
14. Q7. Howards cat meows incessantly, and Howard frequently, but not always gives in and feeds her. How decides to stop reinforcing this problem behavior so he ignores his cat whenever the cat starts meowing. When Howard initiates this extinction procedure, what is likely to happen? The cats meowing will quickly stop altogether
The cats meowing will temporarily decrease then increase.
The cats meowing will temporarily increase, then decrease.
The cat will leave and find a new home.
15. A7. C. The temporary increase is referred to as an extinction burst
16. Q8. An intuitive hunch is most likely to be accurate when: You have prior knowledge or experience regarding the problem
The hunch is based upon conscious, logical analysis of the problem
You already have a broad base of knowledge and experience in the area.
The hunch is strong and emotionally compelling
17. A8. C
18. Q9. Which of the following is NOT an example of the availability heuristic? Estimating that many more women die of breast cancer than heart disease because there are a lot of pink ribbons around campus.
You assume that a random sequence of numbers is more likely to win the lottery than linear sequence.
Someone argues that cigarette smoking is not unhealthy because his grandfather smoked three packs of cigarettes a day and lived to be 100.
Someone makes a statement that people who drive red cars get more speeding tickets, and the group agrees with the statement because a member of the group, "Jim," drives a red car and frequently gets speeding tickets.
19. A9. Which of the following is NOT an example of the availability heuristic? B. This is an example of the representativeness heuristic: you estimate the likelihood of an event based on a prototype of that event.
20. Q10. A strategy in which the likelihood of an event is estimated by comparing how similar it is to a typical prototype is a definition of: The availability heuristic
The confirmation bias
The representativeness heuristic
21. A10. C the representativeness heuristic