Pennsylvania becomes a multicultural haven
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Unit Essential Question: Why was Pennsylvania a haven for religious and ethnic groups?. Pennsylvania Becomes A Multicultural Haven. Chapter 3 Lesson 8 – Foundation for Religious Freedom Lesson 9 – Multicultural Haven Lesson 10 – Multicultural Diversity. Lesson 8 .

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Pennsylvania becomes a multicultural haven

Unit Essential Question:

Why was Pennsylvania a haven for religious and ethnic groups?

Pennsylvania Becomes A Multicultural Haven

Chapter 3

Lesson 8 – Foundation for Religious Freedom

Lesson 9 – Multicultural Haven

Lesson 10 – Multicultural Diversity


Lesson 8
Lesson 8

  • Lesson 8 LEQ's: Religious Freedom and Equality

  • What was the thinking underlying why the Pennsylvania colony became a multicultural haven for ethnic and religious groups from Europe?

  • How did the Protestant Reformation help in the colonization of Pennsylvania?


  • Age of Enlightenment – During the 1500s in the European Christian world, there was only one church, one religion.

    • Everyone was expected to practice Catholicism

    • Time where people began to think differently and try new ideas

    • Many people did not agree with the Catholic beliefs.

  • Revolution – A sudden, radical, or complete change.

  • Protestant Reformation - Protests of the Catholic Church led to splintering into new religions.

    • Protestant religious groups were persecuted and not tolerated.


  • Religious groups looked for a haven (safe place) to speak freely.

    • Word of religious freedom in the American colonies got their attention.

    • Tolerance, when you respect rights, opinions, and customs of different ethnic or religious groups, was appealing.

    • Ethnocentrism – the beliefs that one’s ethnic groups is superior to others.

  • Pennsylvania was founded to eliminate the beliefs of underlying ethnocentrism.

  • William Penn thought that people of all nations and religions, along with the Native Americans, could live together peacefully in his colony.


  • Prejudice and Stereotyping – judging and classifying.

  • Melting pot – all different ethnic groups have blended or melted together to form one group.


  • Lesson 8 LEQ's: Religious Freedom and Equality

  • What was the thinking underlying why the Pennsylvania colony became a multicultural haven for ethnic and religious groups from Europe?

  • How did the Protestant Reformation help in the colonization of Pennsylvania?


Lesson 9
Lesson 9

  • Lesson 9 LEQ’s: Multicultural Haven for Ethnic and Religious Groups

  • Why did so many people from many different countries move to PA?

  • What were some of the main contributions of these groups?


  • Emigrate – to move from your home country to a new country (EXIT)

  • Immigrant – once you have entered into a new country (IN)

  • Quakers – “Their Main Beliefs”

    • Purpose to life is to worship god through spiritual friends and fellowship.

    • Started colonies first school.

    • Started first jail.

    • Believed a person should be trained in a trade or craft while in jail


  • Different groups that came to Pennsylvania

    • Ethnic Group (from) - Religious Group - When arrived

    • England – Quakers – 1680s

    • England - Shakers - 1740s

    • Germany - Mennonites – 1710s

    • Switzerland - Amish – 1720s

    • Germany - Moravians – 1740s

    • Germany - Brethrens – 1740s

    • Germany - Seventh Day Baptists – 1730s

    • Scots-Irish - Presbyterians – 1730s

    • African-Americans – Many religions - 1700s

    • Ireland - Catholics – 1700s

    • No homeland – Jewish - 1700s

    • Many homelands – indentured servants – 1680s


  • Pennsylvania was first state to pass a law that abolished slavery.

    • Law stated that all children born to slave mothers after March 1, 1780, would be free. All other slaves became free at age of 28.

  • Emancipation Proclamation – President Lincolns announcement that all slaves were free

    • 82 years after Pennsylvania passed laws against it.


  • Famous People: slavery.

    • Lucretia Mott – Quaker minister, fought for the freedom of slaves.

      • Established American Anti-Slavery Society

    • Underground Railroad – against federal law to help slaves escape from the South

    • Harriet Tubman – slave who escaped through the Underground Railroad.

      • Returned to be a conductor to lead more that 300 slaves to freedom

    • Indentured servants – could not afford to travel

      • Not slaves, but worked in exchange for travel



Lesson 10
Lesson 10 Religious Groups

  • Lesson 10 LEQ’s: Modern-Day Multicultural Diversity

  • Why does Pennsylvania still have a diverse religious population?

  • Who were some famous Pennsylvanians?


  • Many Pennsylvanians still believe religion is important. Religious Groups

    • Multiple different religions in Pennsylvania, Catholic, Protestant, Methodist, Lutherans, Quakers

    • Amish – believe that the outside world is wicked and evil, so they live apart from it.

      • Pay taxes

      • Not allowed access to outside world (TV, radio, computer, electricity) – no cars

        • Mennonites – grey colored buggies

        • Amish – black colored buggies


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