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Do Now. In a presidential system of government, how is a president chosen? A. By a decision of the national courts B. By a majority vote of the legislature C. In a separate vote from the one that chooses the legislature

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Do now

Do Now

In a presidential system of government, how is a president chosen?

A. By a decision of the national courts

B. By a majority vote of the legislature

C. In a separate vote from the one that chooses the legislature

D. By the political party with the most representatives in the legislature


Governments of se asia

Governments of SE Asia


Gps and e q

GPS and E.Q.

  • SS7CG6a. Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, and federal.

  • How do government systems distribute power?


Vocabulary

Vocabulary

  • Unitary: central government has all the power

  • Monarchy: rule by a king/queen or emperor

  • Constitutional Monarchy: king/queen/emperor’s power is limited by a set of laws in the constitution

  • Communist government: the government controls everything

  • Dictatorship: 1 person takes power, usually by force, and controls everything


Vocabulary1

Vocabulary

  • Autocracy: rule by 1

  • Oligarchy: rule by the few

  • Democracy: rule by the people

  • Legislature: law making group

  • Bicameral: 2 houses (the legislature is divided into 2 groups)

  • Parliamentary: people vote for members of this legislature; largest political group’s leader becomes the prime minister


Unitary

Unitary

  • The centralgovernment holds all or nearly all of the power.

  • Local governments such as state or county systems may hold somepower at certain times.

    • But they are basically under the control of the central government.

  • The central government has the power to change local governments or abolish (get rid of) them.


Unitary examples

Unitary: Examples

  • A monarchy (rule by king, queen, or emperor) is an example of a unitary government.

  • A communist government or dictatorship is an example of a unitary government.

  • SE Asia Countries:

    • Communist: The People’s Republic of China (China)

    • Communist: The Socialist Republic of Vietnam

    • Communist state 1 man dictatorship: Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea (DPRK or North Korea)

    • Parliamentary government with a constitutional monarchy: Japan


Japan

Japan

  • Constitutional monarchy: powers of the ruler are limited by the constitution or laws of the nation

  • Emperor of Japan is head of state – symbolic (no real political power)

  • Power is held by the bicameral legislature, called the Diet, elected by the Japanese people


Confederation

Confederation

  • Local governments hold all the power – central government depends on local governments for its existence.

    • Examples:

      • United Nations – can only offer advice/assistance when the members agree

      • Association of SoutheastAsian Nations or ASEAN – member countries cooperate on economic matters, cultural exchanges, and help keep peace in the area.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xV_ptCcHEz0


Federal

Federal

  • Power is shared or dividedamong different levels of government. Local governments have some powers that central government does not have, and vice-versa.

  • Example: India – has a bicameral parliamentary legislature called The Indian National Congress.

    • Its majority political party chooses the prime minister.

    • Local villages have some power.


Crct test prep pages 156 157

CRCT Test Prep pages 156-157

1. In a unitary government system, most of the power is in the hands of the

A. individual voters

B. local governments

C. central government

D. central and local governments

C. Central government


Crct test prep pages 156 1571

CRCT Test Prep pages 156-157

2. In a confederation government system, most of the power is in the hands of the

A. individual voters

B. local governments

C. central government

D. central and local governments

B. Local governments


Crct test prep pages 156 1572

CRCT Test Prep pages 156-157

3. Which organization could be considered an example of a confederation form of government?

A. the Diet of Japan

B. the Indian National Congress

C. the Association of Southeast Asian Nations

D. the Assembly of the People’s Republic of China

C. the Association of Southeast Asian Nations


Crct test prep pages 156 1573

CRCT Test Prep pages 156-157

4. How is government power handled in a federal form of government?

A. the king makes most of the important decisions.

B. Power is shared among different levels of government.

C. A central committee makes all of the political decisions.

D. The local government has more power than the national government.

B. Power is shared among different levels of government.


Citizen participation

Citizen Participation


Gps and e q1

GPS and E.Q.

  • SS7CG6b. Explain how governments determine citizen participation: autocratic, oligarchic, and democratic.

  • E.Q.: How do governments determine citizen participation?


Autocracy

Autocracy

  • The ruler has absolute power to do whatever he/she wants and enforce any laws he/she chooses.

  • Citizens have NOrights to choose leaders or vote (they might vote, but there are no choices).

  • Some autocratic leaders may allow citizens rights in certain areas, but the leader maintains control over all important areas.


Autocracy example

Autocracy: Example

  • North Korea – Kim Jong Un is the chief of state. He rules DPRK as an autocratic dictator.


Oligarchy

Oligarchy

  • A political party or other small group takes over a government and makes all the major decisions.

  • Citizens have NO rights to choose leaders or vote (they might vote, but there are no choices).

  • Similar to autocracy in leadership style and lack of citizen rights


Oligarchy example

Oligarchy: Example

  • The People’s Republic of China is called an oligarchy, because the leaders and powerful families in China control much of what goes on in the country.


Democracy

Democracy

  • Citizens play a role in deciding who the rulers are and what decisions are made.

  • Decisions are often made by majority vote, but laws protect individuals’ rights.

  • Citizens have the power to ask the government for help if their rights are violated.


Democracy examples

Democracy: Examples

  • India

  • Japan

  • South Korea


Crct test prep pages156 158

CRCT Test Prep pages156-158

  • Who makes most of the important governmental decisions in an autocracy?

    • The ruler

    • The people

    • The court system

    • The elected legislature

      A. The ruler


Crct test prep pages156 1581

CRCT Test Prep pages156-158

6. Which Southern and Eastern Asian country could be described as an autocracy?

  • India

  • Japan

  • South Korea

  • North Korea

    D. North Korea


Crct test prep pages156 1582

CRCT Test Prep pages156-158

7. Who makes most of the important governmental decisions in an oligarchy?

  • The king

  • The people

  • The legislature

  • Small group of powerful leaders

    D. Small group of powerful leaders


Crct test prep pages156 1583

CRCT Test Prep pages156-158

8. Which Southern or Eastern Asian country could be described as an oligarchy?

  • India

  • Japan

  • China

  • South Korea

    D. China


Crct test prep pages156 1584

CRCT Test Prep pages156-158

9. Why do the individual voters have more power in a democracy than they do in an autocracy or an oligarchy?

  • Kings are always poor rulers.

  • The voters get to choose the people who make the laws.

  • All of the power stays in the hands of the local governments.

  • The voters in democratic countries always choose qualified leaders.

    B. The voters get to choose the people who make the laws.


Crct test prep pages156 1585

CRCT Test Prep pages156-158

10. Which Southeastern or Eastern Asian countries have democratic systems of government?

  • India and Japan

  • China and Vietnam

  • China and South Korea

  • North Korea and China

    A. India and Japan


2 types of democracy

2 Types of Democracy


Gps and e q2

GPS and E.Q.

  • GPS: SS7CG6c.: Describe the 2 predominant forms of democratic governments: parliamentary and presidential.

  • E.Q.: How do parliamentary and presidential democracies compare?


Parliamentary democracy

Parliamentary Democracy

  • Citizens vote for representatives who share their political views.

    • The Parliament is made up of these representatives.

    • Parliament makes and carries out (enforces) the laws for the country.

  • The country’s leader is usually chosen by the political party with the most representatives in the legislature.

  • Citizens DO NOT elect the leader.

    • The leader is often called a prime minister or premier


Parliamentary democracy1

Parliamentary Democracy

  • The prime minister is head of government

  • He/she may be votedout of office by the Parliament before the term is up if he/she loses power.

  • He/she may also dissolve Parliament.

  • Examples:

    • India

    • Japan


Presidential democracy

Presidential Democracy

  • Also called “Congressional Form of Government”

  • Citizens vote for members of the legislature (congress) AND for the leader, or president.

    • Congress makes the laws.

    • The President enforces the laws.

  • The president is head of government and head of state who serves for a certain term.

  • Congress can’t remove the president (unless he breaks a law). The president can’t remove congress.

  • Example: South Korea


Differences

President

Is in a separate branch (called “executive”) of government from legislature

Enforces the lawsCongress makes

Elected by citizens

Prime Minister

Is partof legislature (Parliament)

As part of Parliament, he makesandenforceslaws

Selected by Parliament

Differences


Crct test prep pages 159 161

CRCT Test Prep pages 159 -161

  • Which branch of government is responsible for making and carrying out the laws in a parliamentary system of government?

    • Courts

    • Monarch

    • President

    • Legislature

      D. legislature


Crct test prep pages 159 1611

CRCT Test Prep pages 159 -161

12. The leader of a parliamentary system is often called the

  • king

  • president

  • Prime minister

  • Constitutional monarch

    C. Prime minister


Crct test prep pages 159 1612

CRCT Test Prep pages 159 -161

13. The leader of a parliamentary system is chosen by

  • The monarch or king.

  • A popular vote of the people.

  • A decision by the national courts.

  • The political party with the most representatives in the legislature.

    D. The political party with the most representatives in the legislature.


Crct test prep pages 159 1613

CRCT Test Prep pages 159 -161

14. Which branch of government makes the laws in a presidential system of government?

  • president

  • legislature

  • National courts

  • Both the president and the legislature together

    B. legislature


Crct test prep pages 159 1614

CRCT Test Prep pages 159 -161

15. In a presidential system of government, a president is chosen

  • By a decision of the national courts.

  • By a majority vote of the legislature.

  • In a separate vote from the one that chooses the legislature.

  • By the political party with the most representatives in the legislature.

    C. In a separate vote from the one that chooses the legislature.


Crct test prep pages 159 1615

CRCT Test Prep pages 159 -161

16. What is the role of the president regarding the laws passed by the legislature?

  • The president is supposed to enforce those laws.

  • The president can change the laws he doesn’t like.

  • The president sends the laws to the states for approval.

  • The president does not need to approve laws passed by the legislature.

    A. The president is supposed to enforce those laws.


Crct test prep pages 159 1616

CRCT Test Prep pages 159 -161

17. What is one main difference between a president and a prime minister?

  • A prime minister has more power than a president.

  • A president has to be elected, while a prime minister does not.

  • A prime minister does not have to belong to a particular political party, while a president always does.

  • A president is in a separate branch of government while a prime minister is part of the legislature.

    D. A president is in a separate branch of government while a prime minister is part of the legislature.


Draw the chart on crct test prep page 161 use it to answer the next 2 questions

Draw the chart on CRCT Test Prep page 161.Use it to answer the next 2 questions.

18. What is the purpose of the chart?

A. to explain the role of the emperor in Japanese government

B. to explain how power is divided in the government of Japan

C. to show that the prime minister controls all parts of government

D. to show that the three branches of government are not equally powerful

B. to explain how power is divided in the government of Japan


Do now 4666795

19. Which part of the government leads the legislative branch?

A. the Diet

B. the courts

C. the cabinets

D. the emperor

A. the Diet


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