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Spanish Conquest. God Gold Glory. Spanish Conquest of the Aztecs. Montezuma II, became emperor of the Aztecs in 1502. The Aztecs were the most powerful people in Mesoamerica and were at war with all of their neighbors. Montezuma’s palace.

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slide1

Spanish Conquest

  • God
  • Gold
  • Glory
slide2

Spanish Conquest of the Aztecs

Montezuma II, became emperor of the Aztecs in 1502.

The Aztecs were the most powerful people in Mesoamerica and were at war with all of their neighbors.

Montezuma’s palace

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The Spanish conquistadors, led by Hernan Cortez, landed on the Gulf Coast of Mexico in 1519.

  • After marching inland, Cortez made an agreement with the people of Tlaxcala to defeat the Aztecs.

Cortez and the Tlaxcalans

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On November 8, 1519, Cortez and his soldiers came to Tenochtitlan as guests of Montezuma.

  • They soon took over the city and Montezuma a puppet ruler.
  • In June of 1520, the Spaniards massacred unarmed priests and dancers in the main temple of Tenochtitlan.
  • Montezuma died after the massacre.
  • The Spaniards fled the city due to social unrest.

Cortez and Montezuma

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They returned the following year to conquer the Aztecs.

  • At the same time, epidemic diseases brought from Europe, especially smallpox and typhus, were killing the Aztecs.
  • Tenochtitlan fell on August 13, 1521.

Montezuma

Cortez

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Spanish Conquest of the Inca

  • Francisco Pizarro was a Spanish soldier who had come to the Americas in 1502 and had taken part in expeditions in Panama and the South American coast.
  • He heard of a land full of gold called “Piru” (Peru) in South America.
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On an expedition in 1526, Pizarro captured gold, silver and precious gems from Inca traders.

Inca tunic

Inca gold

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Quito

Cusco

  • In 1525the Incan Emperordied of smallpox, leaving the empire divided among his two sons.
  • Civil war and smallpox eventually weakened the Incan Empire.
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Inca-Spanish battle at Cajamarca

  • Pizarro attacked the Inca with only 180 soldiers and 27 horses in 1532.
  • The last Inca ruler, Tupac Amaru, was executed by the Spaniards in 1572. This signaled the end of the Inca empire.
what three factors led to the spanish conquest of latin america

What three factors led to the Spanish conquest of Latin America?

Political instability

Military Technology

Disease

the spread of christianity
The Spread of Christianity
  • Dominican, Franciscan, and Jesuit missionaries
  • Why were the Christian missionaries so successful at spreading Christianity in Latin America?
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