Movements that occur at joints
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Movements That Occur at Joints. Flexion - Bending part of a joint as that the angle between them decreases Extension - Straightening parts of a joint so that the angle between them increases. Dorsiflexion - Bending the foot upward Plantar Flexion- Bending the foot downward.

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  • Flexion- Bending part of a joint as that the angle between them decreases

  • Extension- Straightening parts ofa joint so that the angle between them increases


  • Dorsiflexion- Bending the foot upward

  • Plantar Flexion- Bending the foot downward


  • Hyperextension- excess extension of the parts at a joint, beyond the anatomical position.

    • Ex: Bending the head back beyond the upright position.


  • Abduction- Moving a part AWAY from the midline.

  • Adduction- moving a part toward the midline.


  • Rotation- moving a part around an axis.

    Ex: twisting the head from side to side

    Circumduction- moving a part so that its end follows a circular path

    Ex: Moving the finger in a circular motion without moving the hand.


  • Pronation- turning the hand so that the palm is downward or facing posteriorly.

  • Supination- Turning the hand so that the palm is upward or facing anteriorly.


  • Eversion- Turning the foot so that the sole faces laterally.

  • Inversion- Turning the foot so that the sole faces medially.


  • Retraction- Moving a part backward

  • Protraction- Moving a part forward.


  • Elevation- raising a part

    • Ex: shrugging the shoulders

  • Depression- Lowering a part

    • Ex: Drooping the shoulders


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