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Movements That Occur at JointsPowerPoint Presentation

Movements That Occur at Joints

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**kaden** - Follow User

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Presentation Transcript

- Flexion- Bending part of a joint as that the angle between them decreases
- Extension- Straightening parts ofa joint so that the angle between them increases

- Dorsiflexion- Bending the foot upward
- Plantar Flexion- Bending the foot downward

- Hyperextension- excess extension of the parts at a joint, beyond the anatomical position.
- Ex: Bending the head back beyond the upright position.

- Abduction- Moving a part AWAY from the midline.
- Adduction- moving a part toward the midline.

- Rotation- moving a part around an axis.
Ex: twisting the head from side to side

Circumduction- moving a part so that its end follows a circular path

Ex: Moving the finger in a circular motion without moving the hand.

- Pronation- turning the hand so that the palm is downward or facing posteriorly.
- Supination- Turning the hand so that the palm is upward or facing anteriorly.

- Eversion- Turning the foot so that the sole faces laterally.
- Inversion- Turning the foot so that the sole faces medially.

- Retraction- Moving a part backward
- Protraction- Moving a part forward.

- Elevation- raising a part
- Ex: shrugging the shoulders

- Depression- Lowering a part
- Ex: Drooping the shoulders

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