industrial relations in the italian banking system and why it came to a strike
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INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS IN THE ITALIAN BANKING SYSTEM and why it came to a strike. Historic overview. 1950-1992: Traditional system and products: no variable wages 1993-1996: Changes on products and organization: introduction of VAP (Value Added Premium)

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historic overview
Historic overview
  • 1950-1992:Traditional system and products: no variable wages
  • 1993-1996: Changes on products and organization: introduction of VAP (Value Added Premium)
  • 1997: Profitability reduction caused by margin of interest crisis : 30.000 people potentially outsourced
  • 1997-1998: Social Agreement between Italian Government, Italian Banking Association and 9 bank unions
  • 1999-2001: Agreement for early retirement (5 years) as a way of cutting staff costs; the new National Contract introduces incentive schemes financed by reduction of overtime work
  • 2001-2005: New relationship in the banking system
  • 2006: Exchange of ideas instead of simple information on incentives
  • 2007

FABI Federazione Autonoma Bancari Italiani Utrecht, 30/11/2013 – FNV ACTION DAY

italian banking and financial system
Italian banking and financial system

FABI Federazione Autonoma Bancari Italiani Utrecht, 30/11/2013 – FNV ACTION DAY

occupational trends in italian banking sector
Occupationaltrends in Italian Banking Sector
  • 1999: 350.000
  • 2002: 340.500
  • 2005: 340.000
  • 2008: 325.000
  • 2013: 309.000

Decrease in employment of 12%

FABI Federazione Autonoma Bancari Italiani Utrecht, 30/11/2013 – FNV ACTION DAY

workers classification in the italian banking sys tem
Workers classification in the Italian banking system

FEMALE 47% MALE 53%

FABI Federazione Autonoma Bancari Italiani Utrecht, 30/11/2013 – FNV ACTION DAY

employee representation at the banking sector level
Employee Representation at the banking sectorlevel
  • 7 Unions present in the sector (density of the 70%)
  • Unionsstructures:
    • 1) national/regionallevel
    • 2) also at Group/Company level with local,

internalrepresentatives

  • Workers members of each Union elect the trade union representatives
  • No Work Counsels (OR) like in Holland

FABI Federazione Autonoma Bancari Italiani Utrecht, 30/11/2013 – FNV ACTION DAY

levels of negotiation
Levels of negotiation
  • 1st level: National Agreements

(ABI – Italian Banking Association vs tradeunions)

  • (another National Contract more suitableforsmalldimensions – about 50-200 employees - isapplied in Cooperative Banks)
  • 2nd level: Company/Group Agreements
  • (RegionalAgreementsfor Cooperative Banks)

FABI Federazione Autonoma Bancari Italiani Utrecht, 30/11/2013 – FNV ACTION DAY

two levels of negotiation
Two levels of Negotiation

1° level, like in Holland:

  • sectoral collective labour agreements

2nd Level (Company and/or Banking Group level)

  • Variable wages: Company Productivity Premium (known as

VAP, value added premium)

  • Evaluation of professional figures
  • Health and Safety
  • Training schemes
  • Benefits for all the colleagues:
    • 1. Additional pension and retirement funds
    • 2. Medical funds or insurance
    • 3. Ticket restaurant
    • 4. Mortgages for home, loans, medical expenses etc

FABI Federazione Autonoma Bancari Italiani Utrecht, 30/11/2013 – FNV ACTION DAY

after 13 years the reason of general strike in the sector 1 4
After 13 years: the reason of GENERAL STRIKE in the Sector 1/4

ABI (employer association)

  • Opened the collective bargaining season
  • Declaring its unsustainability and

cancelled the sector’s national agreement on September 16th of this year

10 months before the natural expiry date of June 2014

Threatened:

if the parties should not reach an understanding and

sign a new agreement by that date, starting from July 1st of next year, the BANKSwill no longer be obliged to apply the current NA signed on January 19th, 2012.

FABI Federazione Autonoma Bancari Italiani Utrecht, 30/11/2013 – FNV ACTION DAY

after 13 years the reason of general strike in the sector 2 4
After 13 years: the reason of GENERAL STRIKE in the Sector 2/4

Thus, with the provocation of the early cancellation,

the banks intend to rewrite the entire contractual setup,

defining a new more flexible and less mandatory model of collective agreement.

FABI Federazione Autonoma Bancari Italiani Utrecht, 30/11/2013 – FNV ACTION DAY

after 13 years the reason of general strike in the sector 3 4
After 13 years: the reason of GENERAL STRIKE in the Sector 3/4

In addition, they pretend to do so by imposing the

dates and schedules, threatening to negotiate with a gun held to the head of the workers.

FABI Federazione Autonoma Bancari Italiani Utrecht, 30/11/2013 – FNV ACTION DAY

after 13 years the reason of the general strike in the sector 4 4
After 13 years: the reason of theGENERAL STRIKE in the Sector 4/4
  • Instead of practicing a healthy self-criticism about the glaring cases in which credits were granted according to rather questionable criteria, the bankers prefer to economize on the cost of labor and charge the bank employees for their inefficiency and incompetence by blackmailing them with the labor contract.
  • The labor cost in relation to the profitability – it is good to remember it – places the Italian banks in a better position than the French or the German ones, with a cost/income ratio in line with that of the other European countries.
  • Therefore it is necessary to reaffirm our right for a collective agreement and a redundancy fund with voluntary access taking part in the general strike on October 31st and in all the other action.

FABI Federazione Autonoma Bancari Italiani Utrecht, 30/11/2013 – FNV ACTION DAY

after 13 years the reason of the general strike in the sector in italy
After 13 years: the reason of theGENERAL STRIKE in the Sector in Italy
  • ABI wants to destroy the national agreement !!!
  • The trade union intends to reject this attack unitedly and combat together with the bank workers for a renewed banking system, which is participatory and socially responsible towards its own employees, its private and industrial customers and the territories in which it operates
  • The trade union
  • intends to reject this attack unitedly and
  • combat together with the bank workers for a renewed banking system, which is
  • participatory and socially responsible towards its own employees, its private and industrial customers and the territories in which it operates.

FABI Federazione Autonoma Bancari Italiani Utrecht, 30/11/2013 – FNV ACTION DAY

the national general strike on october 31st in the banking sector in italy
The NATIONAL GENERAL STRIKE on October 31stin the Banking Sector in Italy

FABI Federazione Autonoma Bancari Italiani Utrecht, 30/11/2013 – FNV ACTION DAY

general strike a success
GENERAL STRIKE A SUCCESS

Participation of the colleagues :

87% of 309.000

Branches closed:

93% of 26.300

banking branches national wide.

FABI Federazione Autonoma Bancari Italiani Utrecht, 30/11/2013 – FNV ACTION DAY

reaction of abi employers
REACTION OF ABI (employers)

At the moment no reaction from the employers side

the Trade Unions

declared other two days of strike

to do until Feb. 2014

FABI Federazione Autonoma Bancari Italiani Utrecht, 30/11/2013 – FNV ACTION DAY

slide17

Dank U

Angelo Di Cristo

FABI- International Office

FABI Federazione Autonoma Bancari Italiani Utrecht, 30/11/2013 – FNV ACTION DAY

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