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Spanish 1. Unidad 2 Etapa 1 “ Un Día de Clases ”. -Ar Verbs. Bringing Conjugation Back!. Introduction to verb conjugation. Click Here. -AR Verbs. The present tense is used when talking about things we are currently doing. It can also be used to talk about things in the near future.

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spanish 1

Spanish 1

Unidad 2 Etapa 1

“Un Día de Clases”

bringing conjugation back
BringingConjugation Back!

Introduction to verb conjugation.

Click Here.

ar verbs1
-AR Verbs
  • The present tense is used when talking about things we are currently doing. It can also be used to talk about things in the near future.
  • In English and Spanish verb conjugation must occur to make the sentence make sense. ALL VERBS MUST AGREE WITH THE SUBJECTS!
  • In English, we use a lot of helping verbs to communicate present actions. “She is swimming, We are running, I am eating”.
  • In Spanish the conjugation of the verb communicates the same thing. THERE ARE NO HELPING VERBS! We say, “She runs, We run, I eat”.
ar verbs2
-Ar Verbs
  • To form the present tense of a regular verb that ends in –ar ,
  • DROP the –AR ending
  • ADD the appropriate ending that agrees with the subject:

Nadar

Nad-

o

amos

yo

nado

nadamos

nosotros (as)

as

X

nadas

an

a

nada

nadan

él, ella, usted

ellos(as), ustedes

remember
Remember!
  • THERE ARE NO HELPING VERBS IN SPANISH!
  • Examples:
    • Los estudiantes/estudiar
      • Los estudiantes estudian. The students study/are studying.
    • Tú/llevar
      • Tú llevas. You wear/are wearing.
    • Mariana/esperar
      • Mariana espera. Mariana waits/is waiting

O AMOS

AS X

A AN

practice actividad 7
Practice – Actividad 7
  • Modelo – Elena estudia historia.
  • Yo estudio español.
  • Mis amigos estudian matemáticas.
  • Nosotros estudiamos ingles.
  • Federico estudia ciencias.
  • Tu estudias los estudios sociales.
  • Juana y Miguel estudian arte.
  • Ella estudia música.
  • Lorenzo y yo estudiamos literatura.
  • Ellas estudian computación.
  • Ustedes estudian historia.
expressing frequency with adverbs
ExpressingFrequencywithAdverbs
  • To talk about how often someone does something use expressions of frequency.
  • Expressions of frequency are adverbs or adverbial phrases.
  • These expressions are usually placed before the verb:
    • siempre – always (Isabel siempre llega tarde a la escuela.)
    • rara vez – rarely (Isabel rara vez habla en la clase.)
    • nunca – never (Isabel nunca usa un diccionario.)
  • These expressions are usually placed after the verb:
    • mucho – often (Ricardo estudia mucho.)
    • poco – a little (Isabel habla poco en la clase.)
  • Longer phrases can be placed at the beginning or the end of the sentence:
    • todos los dias – everyday (Todos los dias Isabel llega tarde.)

(Isabel llega tarde todos los dias.)

    • a veces – sometimes (A veces Isabel llega tarde.)

(Isabel llega tarde a veces.)

    • de vez en cuando – once in a while (De vez en cuando Isabel llega tarde.(Isabel llega tarde de vez en cuando.)
expresssing obligations

ExpresssingObligations

Hay Que & Tener Que

expressing obligations
ExpressingObligations
  • Totalkaboutthingssomeonemust do, you can use twodifferentphrasesthatexpressobligations.
  • Ifthereisno specificsubject, use theimpersonalphrase:

HAY QUE + INFINITIVE

  • Ifthereis a specificsubject, use a form of tener in thephrase:

TENER QUE + INFINITIVE

  • Remembertoconjugate tener!

tengo tenemos

tienes x

tiene tienen

expressing obligations1
ExpressingObligations
  • I have to run.
    • Yo tengo que correr.
  • One must wait.
    • Hay que esperar.
  • Celia and Maria have to talk to the teacher
    • Celia y Maria tienen que hablar con la maestra.
  • One has to study Spanish.
    • Hay que estudiar espanol.
  • You have to help your brother.
    • Tú tienes que ayudar a tu hermano.
nota gram tica p114
*Nota Gramática p114
  • Use el and la before titles like profesor(a) and señor(a) when talking about someone.
    • Tengo que hablar con la profesora Díaz!
    • El señor Martinez es el profesor de ingles.
  • Do not use articles when talking to someone.
    • “No tengo mi tarea, profesora Díaz.”

Actividad 18

    • La
    • -
    • -
    • La
ad