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The Morning After. Life after WWI. Learning Goals. Understand the economic struggles that led to a workers revolt in the Winnipeg General Strike (K/U) Understand the agrarian [cultivation of land] discontent of farmers following the war (K/U). Issues at home after WWI.

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the morning after

The Morning After

Life after WWI

learning goals
Learning Goals
  • Understand the economic struggles that led to a workers revolt in the Winnipeg General Strike (K/U)
  • Understand the agrarian [cultivation of land] discontent of farmers following the war (K/U)
issues at home after wwi
Issues at home after WWI
  • Inflation during the war years meant decreased real wages
    • Average family’s purchasing power was less
  • Increased unemployment as 500,000 veterans returned from overseas
  • Prosperity eventually returned by the mid-1920s
winnipeg general strike 1919
Winnipeg General Strike (1919)
  • Winnipeg
    • Largest Western City & Capital of Saskatchewan
the lead up
The Lead Up
  • Soldiers
    • Lack of gov’t aid (pension, medical)
    • Few jobs
    • Resented rich employers (factory owners)
  • Workers
    • Poor pay
    • Poor conditions
  • Influenza (Flu) Epidemic
    • Passed along CPR
    • Hit Winnipeg hard
  • Communist Influences
    • Russian Revolution (1919)
      • “Worker’s Unite!”
      • No private ownership
    • High Russian Population
workers rights in 1919
Workers’ Rights in 1919
  • No minimum wage
    • British Columbia adopted the Men’s Minimum Wage Act in 1925, making it the first province to legislate a minimum wage for male workers
    • 2012 minimum wage in Ontario is $10.25 and the lowest in Canada is $9.00 in the Yukon
  • Low salaries
  • No benefits
  • No collective bargaining
rules of the workplace cigar factory
Rules of the Workplace (Cigar Factory)
  • 10 hrs make up a day\'s work
  • No one is allowed to stop work during working hours
  • All employees to be search before leaving the factory
  • Loud or profane talking strictly prohibited.
  • All employees wasting or dropping tobacco on the floor will be fined for each offence.
  • Hair combing not allowed in the factory
winnipeg general strike
Winnipeg General Strike
  • Dispute over wages and collective bargaining rights in the building and metal trades
  • 35,000 workers belonging to 50 different unions left their jobs
citizen committee of 1000
Citizen Committee of 1000
  • Business leaders, politicians,factory owners
    • Create Special Police Force
      • Arrest strike leaders
      • Fire civic workers
      • “Sedition” = threatening the state
        • By the time the strike ended (six days after Bloody Saturday), 7 of the strike’s leaders had been charged with “seditious conspiracy”
bloody saturday june 21 1919
Bloody Saturday (June 21, 1919)
  • Climax of the strike = clash between committee’s special police (N.W.M.P.) and strikers
    • Deaths of 2 marchers
    • Injury of 34 others
    • Arrest of another 80
summary of the wgs
Summary of the WGS
  • Winnipeg in a fragile state, unhappy masses
  • Workers strike to protest unrest
  • City grinds to a halt
  • Citizen’s Committee of 1000 opposes
  • Bloody Saturday - violence erupts
  • Workers return back to work
wgs provocative question
WGS Provocative Question
  • Were the workers justified in their decision to strike?
agrarian discontent
Agrarian Discontent
  • Farmers were
    • Concerned about rural depopulation
    • Anxious to see fed. gov’t do something about tariffs
    • Angry at fed. gov’t’s refusal to honour its promise to exempt farmers’ songs from conscription
effects of agrarian discontent
Effects of agrarian discontent
  • Agrarian discontent led to formation of United Farmers of Ontario (UFO) who swept the October 1919 provincial election in Ontario
  • United Farmersparties formed government in Alberta in 1921 and became official opposition in other prairie provinces
  • In next session of federal Parliament, several western members of the union government joined forces with a group of Liberals and created a farmers’ representatives under leadership of Thomas A. Crerar (National Progressive Party)
  • Activity
    • If you were a wealthy businessman who wanted to make more profits, write your viewson the Winnipeg General Strike. If you were a worker and were not able to afford basic necessities,write your views on the Winnipeg General Strike.
    • Who would you vote for in the federal election of 1921?