climbing out the ditch
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Climbing out the Ditch

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 35

Climbing out the Ditch - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 65 Views
  • Uploaded on

Climbing out the Ditch. Managing the Politics of Change: Leadership and the Role of Institutions in East Asia ‘s Rapid Growth. low per capita GDP. high unemployment. crushing poverty. Underdeveloped Country. wide rural-urban disparities. high illiteracy. weak capacity.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Climbing out the Ditch' - kadeem-head


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
climbing out the ditch

Climbing out the Ditch

Managing the Politics of Change: Leadership and the Role of Institutions in East Asia ‘s Rapid Growth

slide2

low per capita GDP

high unemployment

crushing poverty

Underdeveloped

Country

wide rural-urban disparities

high illiteracy

weak capacity

high mortality rates

inept government

political instability

poor governance

slide3

High per capita GDP

Intermittent bouts with unemployment

low poverty

Developed

Country

manageable regional disparities

high literacy

well endowed capacity

low mortality rates

well functioning government

long term political stability

good governance

the real challenge of development
The Real Challenge of Development

Desired

State

Managing the

Politics of Change

(Developed)

status quo

(underdeveloped)

east asia s high performers
East Asia’s High Performers

Taking the bull by the horns . . .

. . . managing the politics of change

requisites of change management
Requisites of Change Management

embedding change in the culture

establishing a sense of urgency

consolidating gains & producing more change

CHANGE

creating a guiding coalition

generating short term wins

developing a vision and strategy

empowering broad based action

communicating the change vision

John Kotter, 1996

requisites of change management1
Requisites of Change Management

embedding change in the culture

establishing a sense of urgency

consolidating gains & producing more change

creating a guiding coalition

generating short term wins

Threat of communist

takeover

developing a vision and strategy

empowering broad based action

communicating the change vision

John Kotter, 1996

requisites of change management2
Requisites of Change Management

embedding change in the culture

establishing a sense of urgency

consolidating gains & producing more change

creating a guiding coalition

generating short term wins

Shared growth

developing a vision and strategy

empowering broad based action

communicating the change vision

John Kotter, 1996

the principle of shared growth1
The Principle ofShared Growth

All share in increments to the pie

the shared growth phenomenon1
The Shared Growth Phenomenon

Ratio(unweighted average) of Top to Bottom Quintile and per Capita Growth Rate, Selected Years: 1976-1988

the shared growth phenomenon2
The Shared Growth Phenomenon

Integrated Poverty Index, 1988

requisites of change management3
Requisites of Change Management

embedding change in the culture

establishing a sense of urgency

consolidating gains & producing more change

  • Vision 2020
  • Annual awards for
  • export performance

creating a guiding coalition

generating short term wins

developing a vision and strategy

empowering broad based action

communicating the change vision

John Kotter, 1996

but why shared growth
But Why Shared Growth?

History and path dependence

Thrust of Leadership

the role of institutions

Desired

State

Managing the

Politics of Change

(Developed)

status quo

(underdeveloped)

The Role of Institutions

The Western World

democratic institutions

? ? ?

East Asia post WWII

the predicament of leadership
The Predicament of Leadership

Paradox of autocracy

Time inconsistency of economic policies

the paradox of autocracy
The Paradox of Autocracy

Property rights ???

time inconsistency
Time Inconsistency

Costs

Benefits

“today”

“tomorrow”

the predicament of leadership1
The Predicament of Leadership

Paradox of autocracy

Time inconsistency of economic policies

credible commitment

institutional foundations of shared growth
Institutional Foundations of Shared Growth

Deliberation councils

Wealth sharing mechanisms

Competent/functional

bureaucracy

requisites of change management4
Requisites of Change Management

embedding change in the culture

establishing a sense of urgency

consolidating gains & producing more change

government - business

deliberation councils

creating a guiding coalition

generating short term wins

developing a vision and strategy

empowering broad based action

communicating the change vision

John Kotter, 1996

institutionalizing consultative processes the deliberation council
Institutionalizing Consultative Processes: the Deliberation Council

Coordination and

information “leveling”

Rent allocation

Credible commitment

wealth sharing mechanisms
Wealth Sharing Mechanisms
  • land reform
  • developing rural infrastructure
  • investing in basic education
  • promoting SMEs/labor intensive manufacturing
  • allocating corporate equity
  • worker cooperatives
  • public housing programs
land reform
Land reform

Distribution of Land and Owner-Cultivated Households in Taiwan, by size of Holding, 1039 vs. 1960

land reform rural infrastructure
Land reform/rural infrastructure

Overall Effectiveness of Simulated Experimental Programs in South Korea, 1978

Rural

Income of

Bottom decile

Rural

Households in

Poverty (percent)

28.7

30.4

77.6

63.5

basic education
Basic education

Primary and Secondary Enrollment Rates in the High-Performing East Asian Economies

(insert table 3-1 in Campos, p.32)

labor intensive smes
Labor intensive SMEs

Exports of Small and Medium Enterprises in Taiwan (Hundreds of millions of U.S. Dollars)

malaysia nep
Malaysia NEP

Malaysian Ownership of Share Capital of Limited Companies (at par value 1969-1990)

requisites of change management5
Requisites of Change Management

embedding change in the culture

establishing a sense of urgency

consolidating gains & producing more change

well functioning

bureaucracy

creating a guiding coalition

generating short term wins

developing a vision and strategy

empowering broad based action

communicating the change vision

John Kotter, 1996

implementation capacity the bureaucracy
Implementation Capacity: the Bureaucracy

Merit based recruitment and career advancement

Adequate compensation

implementation capacity the bureaucracy1
Implementation Capacity: the Bureaucracy

Estimates of per Capita GDP and Ratio of Public to Private Sector Salaries, Developing Countries

slide33

Depth of political appointments

Philippines

Korea

Minister

Secretary

Index of bureaucratic capability

Under secretary

Level 2

Assistant secretary

Level 3

1.0

Bureau Director

Level 4

0.6

Regional Director

Service Director

0.5

Division chief

Division chief

0.2

Political appointees

Ratio of public to private wages

Percent

0.0

100

Philippines

Korea

66

80

60

26

40

20

0

Philippines

Korea

Source: WDR 1997

implementation capacity the bureaucracy2
Implementation Capacity: the Bureaucracy

Merit based recruitment and career advancement

Adequate compensation

Accountability

ad