Chapter Three: People & Ideas on the Move 2000 BCE-250 – 250 BC pg. 58 - 83. Why Might You Leave Your Homeland?. Indo-Europeans. Indo-Europeans nomadic people came from steppes north on the Caucasus Herded cattle, sheep, & goats
-Slavic- north & west
-Celtic, Germanic, & Italian- west through Europe
-Greek & Persian- south
Winged deity, 13th c
Seated goddess with a child, Hittite Empire, Old Hittite; 15th–13th century B.C.E
Vessel terminating in the forepart of a bull, 15th–13th century B.C.
Pulled by 2 horses
Purusha, 1st human, the creator god, Brahma
- Brahmins (priests)
- traders & landowners
He who thinks this self to be a slayer, and he who thinks this self to be slain, are both without discernment; the soul slays not, neither is it slain… but if you will not wage this lawful battle, then will you fail your own caste law and your honor, and incur sin,…the people will name you with dishonor and to a man of fame dishonor is worse than death.
Krishna, speaking in the Bhagavad Gita
At first, Aryans and non-Arans followed their own forms of religion. As they intermingled, their religious beliefs blended; created hundreds of gods. Culture became more complex-led to questioning of the world, and the wealth and power held by Brahmin priests. Out of the turmoil, new religious ideas arose.
Hinduism & Buddhism Develop
The Torah says Moses led the Hebrews out of Egypt