Utilizing home and away interfaces simultaneously
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Utilizing Home and Away Interfaces Simultaneously. 66 th IETF at Montreal, Quebec, Canada Benjamin Koh Keigo Aso. Contents. Problem Possible Operations Network based solution Mobile Node based solution Conclusion. Problem.

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Utilizing home and away interfaces simultaneously

Utilizing Home and Away Interfaces Simultaneously

66th IETF at Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Benjamin Koh

Keigo Aso


Contents
Contents

  • Problem

  • Possible Operations

    • Network based solution

    • Mobile Node based solution

  • Conclusion


Problem
Problem

  • When a MN IF returns home, it cannotuse both of its interfacesfor flows.

    • If it uses home link, the mobile node MUST de-register all the bindings

      • The preferences in HA set by the MN before the movement is not available any more.

    • If it uses interfaces attached to foreign links, the mobile node disables the interface attached to the home link

  • draft-ietf-monami6-multiplecoa-00.txt

    • To use home and foreign links simultaneously, the “home agent can set up another link other than home link and uses the link for the mobile node to return virtually to home network. The detail can be found in Figure 7.”

      • No emulation details given (Just a figure)

      • Contradiction with earlier text in Section 3.3

        • When the mobile node returns home, there are two situations, since the Home Agent defends the mobile node's Home Address by using the proxy neighbor advertisement. It is impossible to utilize all the interfaces when one interface is attached to the home link and the others are attached to foreign links.


Network based solution
Network based solution

  • Operation 1

    • HA advertises prefix to make the home link appear to be the foreign link.

    • MCoA-MN considers HA Link to be a foreign link

    • MIPv6-MN and MCoA-MN can never perform the returning home procedure (always away)

  • Operation 2

    • HA advertises 2 prefixes.

      • Home Link prefix

      • Foreign Link prefix

    • MCoA-MN can choose prefix to configure

    • MIPv6-MN should always select Home Link prefix

      • Default behaviour?


Mobile node based solution
Mobile Node based solution

+----+

| CN |

+--+-+

|

+---+------+ +----+

+------+ Internet |----------+ HA |

| +----+-----+ ++-+-+

CoA2| | | Home Link

+------+--+ | ---+--+----+--

| MCoA MN +========+ | | +----+

+------+--+ CoA1 | +-------| MN |

Home Link | | +----+

CoA +----------------------------+

  • Operation

    • MCoA-MN uses a CoA formed by the home prefix in the home network.

    • MIPv6-MN performs the returning home procedure.

  • Advantage

    • No changes to operation of MIPv6-MN (can use own home address).

    • MCoA-MN can select to return home or not.


Conclusion
Conclusion

  • Both solutions keep backward compatibility with Mobile IPv6.

  • Network based solution may hinder normal operations of a Mobile IPv6 node

  • Recommendation for changes to MCoA draft:

    • Slight text changes to section 3.3 (for simultaneous usage of both home and foreign interfaces)

    • Add supplementary text to Figure 7 describing detailed operation of solution(s)


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