Research Papers. Doing it right, the first time. How to begin. The best researchers keep an open mind going into their research process. They do NOT begin researching with a set-in-stone, predetermined outcome in mind.
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Doing it right,
the first time.
The best researchers keep an open mind going into their research process. They do NOT begin researching with a set-in-stone, predetermined outcome in mind.
They choose their subject and the slant they think they want to take, and then begin looking for information, both on the Internet and in print resources.
Once they have a hefty stack of resources laid out on index cards (minimum 10 per required typed page), they then begin organizing and a Thesis appears from the research.
When you begin to research, have your index cards ready to go.
Collect each piece of information on the cards and color code them based on
what TYPE of information it is, not where it came from.
CATAGORY OF INFO: STATISTICS, QUOTES, DATES, PARAPHRASING, ETC.
MLA CITATION ON BOOK, ARTICLE, OR SITE ON 1ST CARD
(PARENTHETICAL DOCCUMENTATION ON ALL OTHERS FROM THAT SOURCE)
Only ONE thought per card.
Commit yourself to collecting the MLA citation information WHILE you are researching. This will save time and headaches later – TRUST ME!
Keep the OWL at Purdue University website open as you research so that you can refer to it often so your citation is in the proper order before you begin writing.
(if no author, an original abbreviation of the title) and the page number (or paragraph number if from an article or website)
The Chinese government claims that its stringent birth-control policy had succeeded in avoiding a population explosion that would have endangered China's ability to feed its people. It says that the "one child" policy was responsible for preventing 250 million births in the past 20 years (Bezlova 14), but unfortunately, the methods by which these numbers have been achieved are at best questionable, and at worst murder.
begin at the top
Center the Title
Skip a space, then begin opening paragraph.
ALL formal writing should be double spaced.
Bezlova, Antoaneta. "China to formalize one-child policy." Asia Times Online. 24 May 2001. 11 March
Brookes, Adam. "China’s Unwanted Girls." BBC News. 23 August 2001. 11 March 2003. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/
Cook, Thomas. "Unfair burdens: impact of the population control policies on the human rights of
women and girls.” Human Rights in China. 30 June 1995. 10 March 2003. <http://hrichina.org/
Croll, Elizabeth, Karen Kinnear, and Lai Ching Leung. “One Child Policy: A Quick Fact Sheet.” China
Family Planning Policies. 10 March 2001. 10 March 2003. <http://www.zenkei.com/sarah/subj_
"Twenty-Years After Chinese "One-Child" Policy, Abuses Run Rampant." French Press Agency. 2
January 2001. 10 March 2003. <http://www.ifrl-pac.com/e-mail_nwsltr/010104/>.
Comparing and Contrasting
the Baby Boomers and Generation X
English 401 Spring 2003
February 13, 2003
The Baby Boomers, generally thought to have been born between 1946 and
1964, and Generation X, generally thought to have been born between 1965
and 1980 (Amoruso 1), would to all outward appearances, seem to be the
closest two generations in history. In actuality though, they have created what
is thought to be the biggest ever generation gap. In fact, the only things that
they share are a slight overlap in age and the surge in technology that they
have both incorporated into their lives. The characteristics of their childhoods
and core values are so vastly different that a huge rift of misunderstanding has
formed between the two groups.
Baby Boomers grew up in a time when the streets were safe and parents
were happily married or at least stayed together for the kids. Boomer mothers
stayed home with their children, read Dr. Spock and expected their offspring to
be the saving grace of America. Boomers were brought up in child-focused
homes when the Beaver Cleaver middle class was touted as the ideal. Then
the Boomers became “yuppies” (Young Upwardly-Mobile Professionals 5),
created the two-income household and overspent to the point that
overwhelming debt drove many of them into personal bankruptcy and divorce.
Interestingly, Boomers considered their careers better, personal freedoms
greater and lives more meaningful than their parents (Howe & Strauss 3).
In contrast, Researchers Howe & Strauss describe the birth years of
Generation Xers as the "most virulently anti-child period in modern American
history.” Gen Xers were the first generation born to a society that took The Pill
to escape parenthood. Gen X kids were the first “latch-key” generation and
grew up in day-care centers and malls with friends and gangs as their true
families. Typically both parents of Gen Xers wanted to work, which we now
realize was a direct cause of what some have called the “divorce epidemic.”
Gen X kids tried to learn New Math in the chaos of “open concept” classrooms
and watched the collapse of ideals as Watergate unfolded in their living rooms.
They were intellectually arrogant, socially immature and became thirty-
something just as the television show Thirty-Something got canceled (Howe &
The Boomers, on the other hand, had parents that touted a good work ethic,
loyalty to your family and employer, and honesty. During the Boomer rise to
Corporate America’s highest towers the economy flourished, disposable
income became more abundant, and extravagance became the norm. The age
of indulgence allowed Boomers to provide their children, without much
sacrifice, everything advertised in name-brand commercials. Decades of luxury
and indulgence have had an adverse effect on the children of the Boomers,
what could be called “Generation ADD,” but the consequences of the
lavishness have not yet taken their toll because the oldest ADDers are just
reaching drinking age (Amoruso 11).
As a generation, Generation X has married late, is more interested in function than
comfort, and don’t cook because their mothers were never home to teach them how.
Xers grew to maturity right along with computers and embraced the Internet where they
could be a part of a society which does not require them to have real relationships with
real people. Gen Xers are just now coming into the home and auto buying market with a
vengeance. Companies are scrambling to switch gears from Boomer desires because
Gen X is more interested in getting back to the Beaver Cleaver neighborhood, recycling,
and in buying vehicles that they don’t have to replace every few years (Howe & Strauss).
They expect better quality for their dollars and are not upwardly mobile if it requires taking
time away from their families. They also do not see any security in loyalty to a single
employer which has caused the employment market to make drastic adjustments
(Amoruso). Gen Xers do not believe it is worth their time to rise the Corporate ladder,
and even if they wanted to, and are pessimistic about long term stability.
Boomers on the other hand have refused to give way to the Xers and are
working harder to stay at the top and, as a general trend, are putting off
retirement. Boomers still see themselves as the personification of
righteousness and judgment, just as they did in the 1960's, and now have
thrown their hat, as they did when they burned their draft cards and bras,
wholeheartedly into the political arena. Boomers as a generation want to
redirect the nation toward what they consider worthy purposes. They are
prodding the nation to address social issues such as crime, health,
homelessness, and education by voting for politicians such as Pat Robertson,
Jesse Jackson and Pat Buchanan (Howe & Strauss 4).
Gen Xers realize that their parentless childhoods have made them
street smart and they are beginning to suspect, according to researchers
Howe & Strauss, “that they are a necessary generation for a society in dire
need of survival lessons” (Howe & Strass, 4). They accept that they are the clean
up crew and will have to shoulder more economic, political and ecological
burdens than any previous generation if America is to stay strong. Gen X does not
expect to ever see a cent of Social Security and it shakes its collective head in
shame at the rising National Debt (Krotz 11). They see themselves as the
generation that will be sacrificed to save the nation and world but they do it
willingly for their children.
Each generation looks at the developments in the world and their own
Entrance and exit from the world stage from different points of view. Currently
these two groups make up the most influential generational powers in the
marketplace and workforce and impact each other in ways that neither of them
Realizes (Krotz, 11). They are bonded by technology and history, but separated by
Gen Xers accept that the size of the Baby Boom generation has reduced the
number of jobs available, and they have acclimated. They are individualistic
businesspeople and entrepreneurs that find Dot Com dollars an attractive
option because they fuel the pseudo-society with which Gen X is comfortable
(Krotz 13). Boomers, regardless of how nervous these nomadic and quirky
workers make them, have had to admit that the problem solving and goal
reaching skills the Gen X worker exhibits are a benefit to business and are
beginning to take advantage of what Gen X has to offer (Krotz 9). Hopefully
with time and understanding these two powerful and influential groups will drop
their arrogant self-centered attitudes and find common ground for the good of
the nation and the world.
Amoruso, Dena. “Generation X Powers New Home Design Trends.”
Reality Times. 2001. Lycos News. 11 February 2003.
Howe, Neil and William Strauss. “The New Generation Gap.”
Generation X Papers. 1991. Reaching Generation X for Jesus. 10
February 2003. <http://tomorrowtoday.biz.>
Krotz, Joanna L. “Why Can’t Boomers and Gen X Just Get Along?”.
Marketing Intelligence. 2003. Microsoft bCentral. 12 February 2003.
Intro, Body, Body, Body, Conclusion.