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Thematic Strategy on air pollution and the revision of air quality directives -anticipating future information needs Andrej Kobe. Contents. Role of EC / the CAFE programme Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution Revision of Air Quality legislation Information needs

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Thematic Strategy on air pollution and the revision of air quality directives -anticipating future information needs

Andrej Kobe

contents
Contents
  • Role of EC / the CAFE programme
  • Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution
  • Revision of Air Quality legislation
    • Information needs
    • Place for real-time data exchange, forecasting
  • INSPIRE and the Shared Information System (role of EEA)
  • Conclusions
clean air for europe
Clean Air for Europe
    • Provides technical basis required for the Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution
    • Key principles: transparency, stakeholder participation
    • Launched 2001
  • Pillars: Science / Integrated Assessment Modelling / Cost Benefit Analysis
  • Thematic Strategy
    • Coherent, integrated policy, consistent with other actions
    • Assesses progress in addressing Health & Environment
    • Objectives (Art 7.1 of 6th Env Action Programme)
      • Achieving levels of AQ that do not give rise to significant negative impacts on and risks to human health and the environment
      • No exceedance of critical loads and levels for acidification and eutrophication
    • Planned to be adopted by the College (E Commissioners) in May 2005
  • http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/air/cafe/index.htm
baseline pm 2 5
Baseline – PM2.5

2000

2010

2020

impacts 2020
Impacts 2020
  • reduced average statistical life expectancy of 5.5 months due to PM and some 20,000 premature deaths
  • about 13% of the area of European forests where critical loads for acidification are exceeded
  • 40% of ecosystems area subject to unsustainable deposition levels of nutrient nitrogen; and (4) about 13% of forests area exposed to ozone above the critical level
t s on air pollution
T/S on Air Pollution
  • Even MTFR does not satisfy 6EAP goals
    • Setting of interim objectives
  • Community measures
    • Product standards (Euro V/VI, domestic heating)
    • Agriculture
    • International shipping
    • Revision of Air Quality legislation
  • National/local measures
    • Switch to cleaner fuels
    • Urban Transport plans...
  • Cost Benefit Analysis helps to determine level of ambition
aqd revision
AQD Revision
  • New environmental objective (PM2.5)
  • Merging, streamlining, better regulation
  • Information to the public (Aarhus)
  • Monitoring & Reporting
    • Present, future information needs?
    • Towards a Shared Information System
public information
Public information
  • Warnings (exceedances of alert thresholds...)
  • Quality, up-to-date information on concentrations + supplementary info
  • Forecasting
  • Assessment throughout the territory: modelling!
  • Empowering citizens : information on implementation of legislation and individual rights (limit values, right to participate in decision making...)
  • Information on measures : plans&programmes
  • Influencing personal behaviour
  • European aspect
    • EU & Internal market : free movement of persons
    • Transboundary nature of air pollution
information needs com eea ms
Information needs(COM, EEA, MS)
  • Commission (DG ENV)
    • Compliance checking (Guardian of the Treaty)
    • Community policy development
  • EEA & MS
    • Assessment / State of Environment
    • Data repository at a Community Level (centralized or shared)
    • Forecasting (transboundary aspects)
  • Shared competencies
    • Development, validation, standardisation of models
    • Identification of linkages (cross-media, cross-policies), non-linearities
    • Knowledge gaps (research)
    • Following progress (Inspire, GMES)
info required by aqd
Info required by AQD
  • Measurement data + related metadata on stations, methods, QA/QC
  • Assessment throughout the territory
    • GIS ‘maps’
  • Information on plans and programmes
  • Development (follow-up through Comitology)
    • From required provisional reporting (ozone) & accelerated meas. data dataflow to accessibility through SIS
    • Use of GMES?
shared information system
Shared Information System
  • INSPIRE – main architecture for spatial data
    • Held by MS public authorities
    • Metadata, spatial data sets, services, networks
    • Agreements on sharing and access, coordination
  • No reporting of data that is available through SIS
  • Information available & used as soon as possible
    • Importance of QA, labelling of provisional info
  • Start: Reportnet/CDR & EEA assistance
role of eea
Role of EEA
  • Center of excellence
    • Provider of processed, policy relevant information
    • Key player for validation of data
    • Provider, developer of tools (data > information)
  • Assessments
    • SoE Reports, Indicators
    • Follow effectiveness of policies, implementation
  • Enhanced public access (with MS)
real time exchange
Real-time exchange
  • Encouraged by DG ENV, but not mandatory
  • When ozone real-time exchange substantially covers EU, it can be a very effective replacement of currently requested provisional ozone reporting
  • Required exchange between neighbours on elevated concentrations : facilitation through centralized exchange?
  • By-product of INSPIRE?
forecasting
Forecasting
  • An important public information component
  • In revised AQD proposed extension of reference to forecasting to all pollutants
  • Anticipated that forecasting would benefit from new requirements on sharing the assessment information (modelling)
  • Need to define standard products?
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Intensive negotiations in 2005
    • Data exchange Group, Comitology, Co-decision
  • Exciting future prospects
    • Shared Information System, INSPIRE, GMES
  • Results
    • Informed, empowered, healthier public and cleaner environment
    • Improved policy development
    • More easy, more effective implementation of EU/national legislation
aqd gis maps
AQD GIS ‘maps’
  • 1st approximation already required
    • Assessment throughout the territory
    • Classification of zones (based on monitoring, modelling)
  • Strenghten provisions (should resolve areas of exceedances, monitoring data)
  • Requirements: fit for purpose, not prescriptive
  • Benefits (beside compliance check)
    • Links to IAM, exposure (non-threshold pollutants)
    • Promote harmonization (borderline), modelling
    • Enhanced public information
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