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Thematic Strategy on air pollution and the revision of air quality directives -anticipating future information needs Andrej Kobe. Contents. Role of EC / the CAFE programme Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution Revision of Air Quality legislation Information needs

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Thematic Strategy on air pollution and the revision of air quality directives -anticipating future information needs

Andrej Kobe


Contents
Contents quality directives -anticipating future information needs

  • Role of EC / the CAFE programme

  • Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution

  • Revision of Air Quality legislation

    • Information needs

    • Place for real-time data exchange, forecasting

  • INSPIRE and the Shared Information System (role of EEA)

  • Conclusions


Clean air for europe
Clean Air for Europe quality directives -anticipating future information needs

  • Provides technical basis required for the Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution

  • Key principles: transparency, stakeholder participation

  • Launched 2001

  • Pillars: Science / Integrated Assessment Modelling / Cost Benefit Analysis

  • Thematic Strategy

    • Coherent, integrated policy, consistent with other actions

    • Assesses progress in addressing Health & Environment

    • Objectives (Art 7.1 of 6th Env Action Programme)

      • Achieving levels of AQ that do not give rise to significant negative impacts on and risks to human health and the environment

      • No exceedance of critical loads and levels for acidification and eutrophication

    • Planned to be adopted by the College (E Commissioners) in May 2005

  • http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/air/cafe/index.htm


  • Baseline pm 2 5
    Baseline – PM quality directives -anticipating future information needs2.5

    2000

    2010

    2020


    Baseline rural ozone
    Baseline quality directives -anticipating future information needs(Rural) ozone

    2000

    2010

    2020


    Loss of life expectancy
    Loss of life expectancy quality directives -anticipating future information needs

    2000

    2010

    2020


    Impacts 2020
    Impacts 2020 quality directives -anticipating future information needs

    • reduced average statistical life expectancy of 5.5 months due to PM and some 20,000 premature deaths

    • about 13% of the area of European forests where critical loads for acidification are exceeded

    • 40% of ecosystems area subject to unsustainable deposition levels of nutrient nitrogen; and (4) about 13% of forests area exposed to ozone above the critical level


    Maximum feasible technical reduction
    Maximum Feasible Technical Reduction quality directives -anticipating future information needs


    T s on air pollution
    T/S on Air Pollution quality directives -anticipating future information needs

    • Even MTFR does not satisfy 6EAP goals

      • Setting of interim objectives

    • Community measures

      • Product standards (Euro V/VI, domestic heating)

      • Agriculture

      • International shipping

      • Revision of Air Quality legislation

    • National/local measures

      • Switch to cleaner fuels

      • Urban Transport plans...

    • Cost Benefit Analysis helps to determine level of ambition


    Aqd revision
    AQD Revision quality directives -anticipating future information needs

    • New environmental objective (PM2.5)

    • Merging, streamlining, better regulation

    • Information to the public (Aarhus)

    • Monitoring & Reporting

      • Present, future information needs?

      • Towards a Shared Information System


    Public information
    Public information quality directives -anticipating future information needs

    • Warnings (exceedances of alert thresholds...)

    • Quality, up-to-date information on concentrations + supplementary info

    • Forecasting

    • Assessment throughout the territory: modelling!

    • Empowering citizens : information on implementation of legislation and individual rights (limit values, right to participate in decision making...)

    • Information on measures : plans&programmes

    • Influencing personal behaviour

    • European aspect

      • EU & Internal market : free movement of persons

      • Transboundary nature of air pollution


    Information needs com eea ms
    Information needs quality directives -anticipating future information needs(COM, EEA, MS)

    • Commission (DG ENV)

      • Compliance checking (Guardian of the Treaty)

      • Community policy development

    • EEA & MS

      • Assessment / State of Environment

      • Data repository at a Community Level (centralized or shared)

      • Forecasting (transboundary aspects)

    • Shared competencies

      • Development, validation, standardisation of models

      • Identification of linkages (cross-media, cross-policies), non-linearities

      • Knowledge gaps (research)

      • Following progress (Inspire, GMES)


    Info required by aqd
    Info required by AQD quality directives -anticipating future information needs

    • Measurement data + related metadata on stations, methods, QA/QC

    • Assessment throughout the territory

      • GIS ‘maps’

    • Information on plans and programmes

    • Development (follow-up through Comitology)

      • From required provisional reporting (ozone) & accelerated meas. data dataflow to accessibility through SIS

      • Use of GMES?


    Shared information system
    Shared Information System quality directives -anticipating future information needs

    • INSPIRE – main architecture for spatial data

      • Held by MS public authorities

      • Metadata, spatial data sets, services, networks

      • Agreements on sharing and access, coordination

    • No reporting of data that is available through SIS

    • Information available & used as soon as possible

      • Importance of QA, labelling of provisional info

    • Start: Reportnet/CDR & EEA assistance


    Role of eea
    Role of EEA quality directives -anticipating future information needs

    • Center of excellence

      • Provider of processed, policy relevant information

      • Key player for validation of data

      • Provider, developer of tools (data > information)

    • Assessments

      • SoE Reports, Indicators

      • Follow effectiveness of policies, implementation

    • Enhanced public access (with MS)


    Real time exchange
    Real-time exchange quality directives -anticipating future information needs

    • Encouraged by DG ENV, but not mandatory

    • When ozone real-time exchange substantially covers EU, it can be a very effective replacement of currently requested provisional ozone reporting

    • Required exchange between neighbours on elevated concentrations : facilitation through centralized exchange?

    • By-product of INSPIRE?


    Forecasting
    Forecasting quality directives -anticipating future information needs

    • An important public information component

    • In revised AQD proposed extension of reference to forecasting to all pollutants

    • Anticipated that forecasting would benefit from new requirements on sharing the assessment information (modelling)

    • Need to define standard products?


    Conclusions
    Conclusions quality directives -anticipating future information needs

    • Intensive negotiations in 2005

      • Data exchange Group, Comitology, Co-decision

    • Exciting future prospects

      • Shared Information System, INSPIRE, GMES

    • Results

      • Informed, empowered, healthier public and cleaner environment

      • Improved policy development

      • More easy, more effective implementation of EU/national legislation


    Aqd gis maps
    AQD GIS ‘maps’ quality directives -anticipating future information needs

    • 1st approximation already required

      • Assessment throughout the territory

      • Classification of zones (based on monitoring, modelling)

    • Strenghten provisions (should resolve areas of exceedances, monitoring data)

    • Requirements: fit for purpose, not prescriptive

    • Benefits (beside compliance check)

      • Links to IAM, exposure (non-threshold pollutants)

      • Promote harmonization (borderline), modelling

      • Enhanced public information


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