Civil defence in disaster management building people s disaster resilience
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Civil Defence in Disaster Management Building People’s Disaster Resilience

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Civil defence in disaster management building people s disaster resilience

Civil Defence in Disaster Management Building People’s Disaster Resilience


Civil defence

Civil Defence

Civil Defence all over the world and in India has been a government program that provides guidance and assistance in preparing for, responding to and recovering from public emergencies that result from conflict or natural disasters.


Cd measures

CD Measures

  • Civil Defence measures are designed to deal with immediate emergency conditions, protect the public and restore vital services and facilities that have been destroyed or damaged by disaster.


Major tasks of civil defence

Major Tasks of Civil Defence

  • To make sure that the public is warned of danger and provided with instructions on how to avoid hazards.

  • Advice people to protect themselves by either evacuating the area or remain and take shelter.

  • Organizing immediate relief to the survivors.

  • Support emergency services

    • Rescue Operations

    • Firefighting

    • Law Enforcement

    • Medical Care

    • Public Works repair

    • Provision of voluntary Food, Shelter and Clothing.

  • Assist in Recovery Operations

    • Clearance of debris

    • Restoring utility services

    • Managing relocations centers


Why civil defence

Why Civil Defence ?

It is true that -

“ the Response of a person closest to the place of Emergency will be the fastest and most effective, provided he is well trained.”


What was the need

What was the need ?

  • The number of incidents happening during World War II were enormous & beyond the capacity of local Emergency services.

  • There was a need for unifying the overall efforts of the country to survive a catastrophe & raise public morale.


Civil defence in disaster management building people s disaster resilience

Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of InternationalArmed Conflicts (Protocol I), 8 June 1977.Chapter VI. Civil DefenceArt 61. - Definitions and scope

For the purpose of this Protocol:(1) "Civil defence" means the performance of some or all of the under-mentioned humanitarian tasks intended to protect the civilian population against the dangers, and to help it to recover from the immediate effects, of hostilities or disasters and also to provide the conditions necessary for its survival. These tasks are:(a) warning;(b) evacuation;(c) management of shelters;(d) management of blackout measures;(e) rescue;(f) medical services, including first aid, and religious assistance;(g) fire-fighting;(h) detection and marking of danger areas;(i) decontamination and similar protective measures;(j) provision of emergency accommodation and supplies;(k) emergency assistance in the restoration and maintenance of order in distressed areas;(l) emergency repair of indispensable public utilities;(m) emergency disposal of the dead;(n) assistance in the preservation of objects essential for survival;(o) complementary activities necessary to carry out any of the tasks mentioned above, including, but not limited to, planning and organization;


Art 62 general protection

Art 62. General Protection

  • Civilian civil defence organizations and their personnel shall be respected and protected, subject to the provisions of this Protocol, particularly the provisions of this section. They shall be entitled to perform their civil defence tasks except in case of imperative military necessity.


Article 15 international distinctive sign

Article 15 : International Distinctive sign

  • The international distinctive sign of Civil Defence provided for in Article 66, paragraph 4, of the Protocol is an equilateral blue triangle on an orange ground. A model is shown in Figure below:

  • It is recommended that:

    • if the blue triangle is on a flag or armlet or tabard, the ground to the triangle be the orange flag, armlet or tabard;

    • one of the angles of the triangle be pointed vertically upwards;

    • no angle of the triangle touch the edge of the orange ground.


Civil defence in india

Civil Defence in India

The Civil Defence program in India relies on the individual and the locality, doing that which is necessary to increase the chances of survival, to minimize damage and to recover quickly.


The threat

The Threat


India s security concerns

India’s Security Concerns

  • India faces varied and complex security challenges ranging from low intensity conflicts characterized by tribal, ethnic and left wing movements and ideologies


Civil defence in disaster management building people s disaster resilience

India is one of the most disaster prone countries in the world.

  • Over 65% land area vulnerable to earthquakes;

  • 70% of land under cultivation prone to drought;

  • 40 million hectares to floods;

  • 8,000 km coastline to cyclones.

  • A Major Disaster occurs every 2-3 years;

  • 5 crore people affected annually

  • 10 lakh houses damaged annually along with human,social and other losses

  • During 1985-2003, the annual average damage due to natural disasters has been estimated at 7 crore US $


Civil defence in disaster management building people s disaster resilience

Civil Defence Towns in India


Terrorism

Terrorism

The global environment has reduced the probability of conflict considerably but Terrorism is on the rise and becoming a cheap mode for nations to commit acts of aggression with less fear of retaliation.


Civil defence in disaster management building people s disaster resilience

Why Worry about Radiological Weapons ?

  • Enough fissile material is missing to construct numerous nuclear devices

  • Enough radioactive material is missing to contaminate large areas using Radiation Dispersion Devices (RDD)

  • Technology to build a nuclear device, radiation bomb, or RDD is readily available

  • Nuclear weapon facilities within the former Soviet Union have not been well guarded or financed, which increased the probability of theft


Civil defence in disaster management building people s disaster resilience

POISON

Why Worry about Chemical Weapons?

  • Some countries covertly allow terrorists to use their stockpile

  • The production technology is widely available

  • Production facilities can be disguised as legitimate chemical business activities

  • Terrorists have already used chemical weapons

  • At least 28 nations have chemical weapons programs


Civil defence in disaster management building people s disaster resilience

Why Worry about Biological Weapons?

  • Theft from production facilities is likely

  • Production technology is widely available

  • Terrorists have already used biological weapons

  • Biological weapons production can be disguised as a legitimate pharmaceutical enterprise

  • At least 12 nations possess biological weapons


Civil defence in disaster management building people s disaster resilience

Why Worry about Big Conventional Bombs?

  • Technology is more available

  • Terrorist have used large bombs

  • Military grade explosives are more available

  • Yield big news media coverage


Hazardous chemical incident

Hazardous Chemical Incident

  • Methylisocyanate (MIC) incident at Bhopal, India

  • 3,300 people killed immediately; 16,000 after ten years

  • 40 tons of MIC released that covered 20 Km2

  • Over 500,000 people suffered effects of gas

  • Ground water hazard for ten years


Climate change

Climate Change

  • Even if we go by the estimates of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, by 2100, 5764 sq. km of India’s coastal area will be submerged under the sea, triggering massive migration of the people towards hinterland

  • 63 million people in India and 62 million in Bangladesh live within 10 meters of the sea levels that includes the population of cities of Mumbai, Calcutta and Chennai.


Beginning of the conflicts

Beginning of the conflicts

  • Displaced people will need food, water shelter and jobs

  • Government may be in a position to provide shelter but already in dire state government will be not be able to provide food, water and jobs also

  • Desperation will lead to agitation

  • Unable to solve the root cause of agitation will result in conflicts

  • Radical Groups will exploit the situation & major conflicts will begin leading to breakdown of any semblance of administration and internal security


Can civil defence do anything

Can Civil Defence do Anything?

  • Relatively, small investments in Preparedness against emergencies enable communities to speed up Recovery by months or years and thereby prevent millions of deaths due to hunger, weather and epidemics that may occur consequent to many major disasters.

  • According to the human capital theory in economics, the country’s population is valued more than other factors like land, industry and wealth due to its capacity to rebuild a country after its destruction by nature’s forces. Therefore, to ensure economic stability and security of the country it is essential that a strong Civil Defence Corps is available for protection of its people.


Civil defence builds resilience

Civil Defence builds Resilience

  • Civil Defence has stressed on building confidence, reducing fear and uncertainty, ensure higher survival rate, assist in raising people’s quality of life that has made economic benefits feasible. The Civil Defence concept’s core objective has been to instill in people, the strength to understand that they are in control of their own destiny and well prepared for the uncertainties of the future.


Concept of civil defence

Concept of Civil Defence

During times of War and Emergencies the Civil Defence Organization has the vital role of guarding the hinterland, supporting the Armed Forces, mobilizing the citizens and helping civil administration for:

  • Saving life and property

  • Minimizing damage

  • Maintaining continuity in production centers

  • Raising public morale.


Civil defence1

“Civil Defence” includes any measures, not amounting to actual combat, for affording protection to any person, property, place or thing in India or any part of the territory thereof against any hostile attack, whether from air, land, sea or any other places, or, for depriving any such attack of the whole or part of its effect, whether such measures are taken before, during, at or after the time of such attack or any measure taken for the purpose of disaster management, before, during, at, or after any disaster.

CIVIL DEFENCE


Cd corps

CD CORPS

The “Civil Defence Corps” means the Corps formed wholly or mainly to meet the needs of civil defence and includes an organization deemed to be a corps under the proviso to sub-section(1) of section 4.


Powers of state government

Powers of State Government

  • Constitution of Civil Defence Corps and appoint controller.

  • Appoint Director Civil Defence.

  • Enforce discipline.

  • Penalties.

  • Power to Delegate.

  • Protection for action taken in good faith.


Section 19

Section 19

Any person authorized by the Controller or the State Government under this Act & every member of the Corps, while functioning as such, shall be deemed to be public servants within the meaning of Section 21 of Indian Penal Code.


The civil defence rules 1968

The Civil Defence Rules,1968

  • Control of Light & Sounds.

  • Measures for dealing with outbreak of Fires.

  • Camouflage.

  • Keeping of dangerous articles & substances.

  • Evacuation of areas.

  • Accommodation of evacuated persons.

  • Power to slaughter dangerous animals in event of attack.

  • Power to local authorities for taking precautionary measures.

  • Protection of factories and mines.

  • Watching of premises to detect fires.

  • Prevention of disease.

  • Air raid shelters.

  • Civil defence exercises.

  • Penalties.


Civil defence regulations 1968

Civil Defence Regulations,1968

  • Definitions.

  • Eligibility.

  • Manner of application.

  • Enrolment.

  • Organisation.

  • Membership certificate.

  • Conditions of service.

  • Duty.

  • Discipline.

  • Uniform and accoutrement.

  • Compensation.

  • Resignation.

  • Recovery of Loss

  • Power of Competent authority as regards preventing the contravention of regulations, etc.


Civil defence organisation

CIVIL DEFENCE ORGANISATION

CENTRAL

MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS

UNION HOME MINISTER

ADVISORY COMMITTEE

HOME SECRETARY

CD COMMITTEE

SECRETARY (BM)

Director General NDRF & CD

JOINT SECRETARY

DY. SECRETARY

JOINT PLANNING STAFF

CD BRANCH

DY. DGCD H.G. & CD

FIRE ADVISOR


Civil defence organisation1

CIVIL DEFENCE ORGANISATION

STATE

HOME DEPARTMENT

CIVIL DEFENCE ADVISORY

COMMITTEE

DIRECTOR OF

CIVIL DEFENCE

LOCAL LEVEL

CIVIL DEFENCE CONTROLLER

CIVIL DEFENCE OFFICER

ZONAL OFFICERS

DIVISIONAL WARDENS

POST WARDENS

SECTOR WARDENS

CIVIL DEFENCE SERVICES


Organization in a town

Organization in a Town

CD Controller

Dy. CD Controller

Zone (6 lakh) ………………….

Divisional Warden (2 lakh)……………

Dy. Divisional Warden

Post Warden (20,000)…………..

Sector Wardens (4000)………….


Civil defence corps services rendered

Civil Defence CorpsServices Rendered

HEADQUARTER SERVICE

WARDEN SERVICE

COMMUNICATION SERVICE

CASUALTY SERVICE

FIRE FIGHTING SERVICE

TRAINING SERVICE

RESCUE SERVICE

SALVAGE SERVICE

DEPOT & TRANSPORT SERVICE

SUPPLY SERVICE

WELFARE SERVICE

CORPSE DISPOSAL SERVICE


Do we need it today

Do we need it today ?

Obviously YES, because –

  • The Emergency Services are still not adequate.

  • The Response time-lag for services to arrive at the scene of incident is growing longer.

  • The higher degree of stress for the Emergency Services personnel needs large resource of back-up volunteers.


Training

Training

  • The tasks performed by Civil Defence volunteers with the assistance of local authorities are

    • Immediate search & rescue

    • Medical support and transportation

    • Security and Traffic arrangements

    • Fire Fighting support

    • Immediate relief in the form of food, shelter, clothing

    • Disposal of dead and carcasses.


Civil defence means

Civil Defence means

  • Preserving yourself always comes first.

  • Your alertness can help in containing the consequences of an attack.

  • The authorities will depend on you for timely warnings.

  • Your contribution in augmenting the existing emergency services will be necessary.


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Research into Human reactions to Disaster has overwhelmingly recognized that Resilience to Disasters is much more commonly displayed by individuals having pre-knowledge and training to withstand the consequences.


A safer india

A SAFER INDIA

OUR VISION


Civil defence in disaster management building people s disaster resilience

We Can’t do Everything

But

We Can Do Some thing

and

We Intend to do them

Very Well


Thank you

Thank you


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