Civil Defence in Disaster Management Building People’s Disaster Resilience. Civil Defence.
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Civil Defence all over the world and in India has been a government program that provides guidance and assistance in preparing for, responding to and recovering from public emergencies that result from conflict or natural disasters.
It is true that -
“ the Response of a person closest to the place of Emergency will be the fastest and most effective, provided he is well trained.”
Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of InternationalArmed Conflicts (Protocol I), 8 June 1977.Chapter VI. Civil DefenceArt 61. - Definitions and scope
For the purpose of this Protocol:(1) "Civil defence" means the performance of some or all of the under-mentioned humanitarian tasks intended to protect the civilian population against the dangers, and to help it to recover from the immediate effects, of hostilities or disasters and also to provide the conditions necessary for its survival. These tasks are:(a) warning;(b) evacuation;(c) management of shelters;(d) management of blackout measures;(e) rescue;(f) medical services, including first aid, and religious assistance;(g) fire-fighting;(h) detection and marking of danger areas;(i) decontamination and similar protective measures;(j) provision of emergency accommodation and supplies;(k) emergency assistance in the restoration and maintenance of order in distressed areas;(l) emergency repair of indispensable public utilities;(m) emergency disposal of the dead;(n) assistance in the preservation of objects essential for survival;(o) complementary activities necessary to carry out any of the tasks mentioned above, including, but not limited to, planning and organization;
The Civil Defence program in India relies on the individual and the locality, doing that which is necessary to increase the chances of survival, to minimize damage and to recover quickly.
The global environment has reduced the probability of conflict considerably but Terrorism is on the rise and becoming a cheap mode for nations to commit acts of aggression with less fear of retaliation.
Why Worry about worldRadiological Weapons ?
Why Worry about Chemical Weapons?
Why Worry about worldBig Conventional Bombs?
During times of War and Emergencies the Civil Defence Organization has the vital role of guarding the hinterland, supporting the Armed Forces, mobilizing the citizens and helping civil administration for:
“ worldCivil Defence” includes any measures, not amounting to actual combat, for affording protection to any person, property, place or thing in India or any part of the territory thereof against any hostile attack, whether from air, land, sea or any other places, or, for depriving any such attack of the whole or part of its effect, whether such measures are taken before, during, at or after the time of such attack or any measure taken for the purpose of disaster management, before, during, at, or after any disaster.
The “Civil Defence Corps” means the Corps formed wholly or mainly to meet the needs of civil defence and includes an organization deemed to be a corps under the proviso to sub-section(1) of section 4.
Any person authorized by the Controller or the State Government under this Act & every member of the Corps, while functioning as such, shall be deemed to be public servants within the meaning of Section 21 of Indian Penal Code.
MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS
UNION HOME MINISTER
Director General NDRF & CD
JOINT PLANNING STAFF
DY. DGCD H.G. & CD
CIVIL DEFENCE ADVISORY
CIVIL DEFENCE CONTROLLER
CIVIL DEFENCE OFFICER
CIVIL DEFENCE SERVICES
Dy. CD Controller
Zone (6 lakh) ………………….
Divisional Warden (2 lakh)……………
Dy. Divisional Warden
Post Warden (20,000)…………..
Sector Wardens (4000)………….
FIRE FIGHTING SERVICE
DEPOT & TRANSPORT SERVICE
CORPSE DISPOSAL SERVICE
Obviously YES, because –
We Can’t do Everything world
We Can Do Some thing
We Intend to do them