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Writing Warm Up. Were the Marshall Plan and the Truman Doctrine effective ways to prevent the growth of communism? Why or why not?. Vocabulary. Containment Limited War NATO Warsaw Pact Chinese Revolution. Domino Theory Hot War Police Action Berlin Airlift. Continuing Containment.

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writing warm up
Writing Warm Up
  • Were the Marshall Plan and the Truman Doctrine effective ways to prevent the growth of communism? Why or why not?
vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Containment
  • Limited War
  • NATO
  • Warsaw Pact
  • Chinese Revolution
  • Domino Theory
  • Hot War
  • Police Action
  • Berlin Airlift
continuing containment

Continuing Containment

Aim: How did the United States intervene when communists tried to gain power in other countries?

containment
Containment
  • Definition = American policy to keep communism contained within its existing borders.
berlin airlift
Berlin Airlift
  • In 1948, the Soviet Union blockaded waterways, roads, and rails to prevent the Western Allies from resupplying West Berlin.
berlin airlift1
Berlin Airlift
  • Allies airdropped food, clothes, medicine, and other supplies the people of West Berlin needed.
  • Soviets lifted the blockade in 1949.
consequences
Consequences
  • Demonstrated how far the U.S. would go to prevent the spread of communism.
  • Secured West Berlin as an ally in the middle of the Soviet Union.
slide9
NATO
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization formed in 1949 to contain communism.
  • 12 Western Nations agree that an attack against one would be considered an attack against all.
  • Soviet Response = Warsaw Pact
the chinese revolution
The Chinese Revolution
  • War fought between right wing nationalists led by Jiang Jieshi(Also known as Chiang Kai-Shek)
chinese revolution
Chinese Revolution
  • … and communists led by Mao Zedong
slide13

The United States sent millions of dollars in aid to Chiang Kai-Shek and the nationalist government to help them fend off communism.

consequences of the chinese revolution
Consequences of the Chinese Revolution
  • The Communists prevail in China.
  • Claiming that a politician “lost China to communism” becomes a powerful political tool.
  • Increases fear of communism in the United States.
slide16

Korean War Map

  • Fight to keep communism north of the 38th Parallel.
korean war1
Korean War
  • 90,000 North Korean troops – trained and equipped by the Soviet Union – pour over the 38th parallel border and invaded the Republic of Korea.
the u n responds
The U.N. Responds
  • President Truman orders American troops into South Korea without a declaration of war.
  • Led by General MacArthur, American forces counterattack, pushing North Koreans back across the 38th parallel.
china steps in
China steps in
  • General MacArthur pursues North Korean troops all the way to the border of China.
  • 300,000 Chinese troops join the battle.
  • American troops back to the 38th parallel.
end of the korean war
End of the Korean War
  • General MacArthur wanted to use nuclear weapons (nukes) to defeat the Chinese Army and take China back from communism.
  • Truman refuses and fires MacArthur.
  • The war ended in 1953 with Korea divided at the 38th parallel.
korean war2
Korean War
  • A “hot war” in the midst of Cold War maneuvering.
    • Hot War = Violent confrontation
  • 100,000 American casualties and more than 2 million Koreans died in the conflict.

*Key terms

Police Action, Limited War, Domino Theory

limited war
Limited War
  • A war fought only to achieve specific goals, not necessarily victory.
police action
Police Action
  • When military action is taken without a “declaration of war”
  • Truman went through the U.N. rather than U.S. Congress
domino theory

Domino Theory

The idea that if one country in a region came under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a domino effect.

impact of korean war
Impact of Korean War
  • U.S. showed world they are willing to shed blood to stop communism
  • U.S. troops remain in S. Korea to this day
  • U.S. military grows significantly
  • Use of “police actions” increase (not declaring war)
  • Still tension between the United States and North Korea
exit slip
Exit Slip
  • Write one to two paragraphs describing how the United States worked to contain the growth of communism. Why did the United States use these strategies? How do the policies connect to Kennan’s recommendations? Include at least three policies or actions in your summary.
  • Include three of the following:
    • The Berlin Airlift
    • NATO
    • Chinese Revolution
    • Korean War
    • The Truman Doctrine
    • The Marshall Plan
cia interventions
CIA Interventions
  • Eisenhower did not want to be blamed for losing parts of the world to communism.
  • TheCentral Intelligence Agency presented a solution.
slide28

Small groups of people try to destabilize communist governments.

  • Unlike in the war in Korea, America’s goals could be accomplished quickly, cleanly, and on the cheap.
  • How would you try to overthrow a government with only a few people?
in iran
In Iran

CIA Coup in Iran

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