Review of all interwar leaders . Communists and Fascists of the 20 th Century. Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin took over Russia Led from 1917-1924. How did Lenin get back to Russia after being exiled?
Review of all interwar leaders
Communists and Fascists of the 20th Century
Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin took over Russia
Led from 1917-1924
How did Lenin get back to Russia after being exiled?
Russian Revolution- 1917
A temporary (or provisional) government takes over.
Lenin overthrows the temporary government and takes over as the leader of Russia
Some changes that Lenin made:
Lenin started the New Economic Policy to try to change the economy-Allows for some foreign trade and private business-Moves away from strict communism towards modified capitalism
In office: 1922-1953
Became the TOTALITARIAN
leader in 1928
2. Great Purges
3. Censorship & Propaganda
4. Religious Persecution
Mussolinis Rise to Power
Democracies had been weakened by WWI and Great Depression
Many workers are crippled by WWI or unemployed
Italy feels cheated by Versailles Treaty
Many businessmen are worried about the communists seizing power
Led by a King-Victor Emmanuel III
Son of a Communist blacksmith and a school teacher
Named after Mexican Revolutionary
He promised :
1. To revive the economy and rebuild the Armed Forces
Wanted to rebuild Italy into the Roman Empire
2. To be Anti-communistand anti-democratic
30,000 to 40,000 Fascists march from Milan to Rome and demanded that Mussolini be named Prime Minister of Italy.
The King of Italy was worried that the Fascist would start a civil war so he agreed
Mussolini therefore took power legally.
Censored the press
Allied with industrialists and large land owners
Built a strong military
Started public works project to help during the Depression
Secret police jailed opposition leaders
The road from Vienna to the Fhrer of Germany
Hitler took the party from a few dozen members to 55,000 by 1923.
Banned Strikes and
dissolved labor unions
control over businesses
Started many government jobs that put millions to work building public works (highways aka the autobahn, bridges, etc.) and weapons
Hosted the 1936 Olympics
Germany won many gold medals
Controversy with Jesse Owens
First African American to compete
Won 4 gold medals!
Caused people to question the Aryan teachings
He affirmed that individual excellence (not race or national origin) distinguishes one man from another
a fascist government, led by
General Francisco Franco and
supported by army leaders.
Hirohito, Tojo, and the rise of Japan
Joined the Japanese army
His military service included periods in Switzerland and Germany
Became major general in 1933
Became head of the Kwantung Army military police in 1935
He was appointed minister of war in 1941 by FumimaroKondoye
A strong supporter of Nazi Germany
He feared long term plans of Joseph Stalin
Advocated pre-emptive air strikes on both China and the Soviet Union
Executed for charges of being a war criminal in 1948