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The New England Colonies:. Chapter 2 Section 4. The 13 Colonies: . New England Colonies. Middle Colonies. Southern Colonies. 1) Puritans: . In the 1600s there was only one official Church in England, called the Church of England or the Anglican Church

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the new england colonies

The New England Colonies:

Chapter 2 Section 4

the 13 colonies
The 13 Colonies:

New England Colonies

Middle Colonies

Southern Colonies

1 puritans
1) Puritans:
  • In the 1600s there was only one official Church in England, called the Church of England or the Anglican Church
  • Many people thought the Church was becoming too corrupt:
    • Puritans wanted to purify the Church
    • Separatists wanted to leave and start their own churches
1 puritans1
1) Puritans:
  • Lived moral lives, prayed devoutly, read the Bible, worked hard
  • Criticized the Church of England
  • Charles I began to persecute them
  • Went to America to worship in their own “purer” churches and to make their own laws
    • Laws based on the Bible
  • Most of N.E.’s colonists
2 plymouth colony
2) Plymouth Colony:
  • In 1620 the first Puritans founded Plymouth Colony (later Massachusetts)
    • Also known as the Pilgrims
  • Before leaving their ship they made an agreement called the Mayflower Compact
    • Agreed to form a government and obey its laws
    • Self-government
3 massachusetts bay colony
3) Massachusetts Bay Colony:
  • 1630, John Winthrop leads Puritans to a new colony, the M.B.C.
    • Called it “A City Upon a Hill”
  • Established a republic
    • Men elected a governor and assembly
    • The only gov’t to elect its own governor
    • A radical idea
4 other colonies
4) Other Colonies
  • In New Hampshire and Maine Puritans and English fishermen had an uneasy time getting along
  • Rhode Island became a safe haven for all denominations
    • To keep peace they separated the church and state
  • Connecticut was founded by conservative Puritans
  • By the end of the 1600s the Massachusetts Bay Colony included Maine and Plymouth Colony
5 religious troubles
5) Religious Troubles:
    • Puritans thought God would punish people who allowed individual choice in religion
    • Not tolerate of other denominations
    • The governor of Massachusetts executed four Quakers and burned their books
  • Even persecuted Puritans who expressed radical ideas:
    • Roger Williams: said colonists had no right to take land from N.A.s
    • Anne Hutchinson: Said Massachusetts was too Anglican (like the church of England)
Roger Williams

Anne Hutchinson

6 salem witch trials
6) Salem Witch Trials:
  • Winter of 1692
6 salem witch trial
6) Salem Witch Trial:
  • Girls had nothing to do
  • Emotions were “evil”
  • Interested in the stories of Titchiba’s
  • The girls acted “crazy”
    • Probably panic attacks
  • Adults saw this as “bewitched”
  • Reverend Paris stirs things up
  • The girls accuse anyone they want and the adults believe them!
  • 24 people were hanged
  • Many more put in prison
  • One man crushed to death under a stone
  • Adults should have been smarter
7 conflict with native americans
7) Conflict with Native Americans:

A) The Pequot War:

  • 1630s: Puritans and Pequots trade for fur
  • Tension over control of the trade and the Puritan’s westward expansion
  • 1636: War breaks out:

Pequots Puritans

7 conflict with native americans1
7) Conflict with Native Americans:

A) The Pequot War: (continued)

  • 1638: Treaty of Hartford
    • After vicious fighting, that included the Puritans killing women and children, the Puritans won and the Pequot were eliminated as a group

B) King Philip’s War:

  • 1675: A chief named Metacom (King Philip) “kind of” led a rebellion
  • Guns acquired from trading
7 conflict with native americans2
7) Conflict with Native Americans:

B) King Philip’s War: (continued)

  • The N.A.s were winning at first but ended up losing
    • Ran out of bullets because they couldn’t trade anymore
    • Starved as colonists attacked their villages and burned their crops
  • The colonists won but about 1,000 died
  • N.A.s lost most of their remaining land in New England and about 3,000 were killed
7 conflict with native americans3
7) Conflict with Native Americans:

B) King Philip’s War: (continued)

  • Some N.A.s ran away to Canada, where they continued to attack the frontier towns in revenge.
  • By the early 1700s there were 92,000 colonists in New England
    • Only 9,000 N.A.s left.
  • Chapter 2 Section 4: #1,2,3,4,5