International standards and electronic commerce
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International Standards And Electronic Commerce. Frank Farance, Farance Inc. New York, NY, USA +1 212 486 4700 [email protected] http://www.farance.com. A Technical Rationale For International Standards. Review problem before proposing solution Several perspectives, stakeholders

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International standards and electronic commerce

International Standards AndElectronic Commerce

Frank Farance, Farance Inc.New York, NY, USA+1 212 486 [email protected]://www.farance.com

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


A technical rationale for international standards

A Technical Rationale For International Standards

  • Review problem before proposing solution

  • Several perspectives, stakeholders

  • Catalog problems

  • Better understanding of problem

  • Better solutions

  • Useful, interoperable, widely adopted standards

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Many possibilities for poor incomplete solutions

Many Possibilities For Poor, Incomplete Solutions

  • DON’T review problem before proposing solution ==>

    • Just propose solutions: not just Java, XML, PKI

    • Just use credit cards over Internet

    • Integration problems

    • Cultural problems

    • Solutions based on market share, not needs

    • Proprietary solutions

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Many possibilities for poor incomplete solutions1

Many Possibilities For Poor, Incomplete Solutions

  • DON’T incorporate several perspectives and stakeholders ==>

    • Optimum for one class of consumers, not all

    • Optimum for one industry, not many

    • Optimum for one country, not many

    • Optimum for one set of laws/regulations

    • Optimum for one type of network, not many

    • Optimum for one type of currency/instrument

    • Optimum for one type of transaction

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Many possibilities for poor incomplete solutions2

Many Possibilities For Poor, Incomplete Solutions

  • DON’T catalog problems ==>

    • Integration issues as solutions are broadly adopted: security, fraud/audit , nomadicity, currency, legal, consumer protection, usability

    • May abort solution if unworkable

    • May become too expensive to be practical

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Many possibilities for poor incomplete solutions3

Many Possibilities For Poor, Incomplete Solutions

  • DON’T strive for better understanding of problem ==>

    • Take first solution that works somewhat ==> penalty: large commitment to poor solution

    • Revise technology/solutions every 3-5 years ==> penalty: high maintenance, incompatible

    • Don’t anticipate related technologies: security, data interchange, cultural/user adaptation ==> penalty: very expensive rework

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Activity within iso iec jtc1 information technology

Activity within ISO/IEC JTC1 (Information Technology)

  • Business Team on Electronic Commerce

  • Focus: identify “work items” for new standards; developed report and proposal

  • Responsive, non-traditional gathering of international industry players

  • National, regional, industry, cross-sectoral interests

  • Chair: Ulrich Hartmann, Siemens, Germany

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Review existing systems reports and specifications

Review Existing Systems, Reports, and Specifications

  • CommerceNet's Architectural Framework for Internet Commerce (eCo System)

  • EBES/EWOS Building Blocks for Electronic Commerce

  • Electronic Commerce Promotion Council of Japan (ECOM) common platform for Consumer-EC

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Review existing systems reports and specifications1

Review Existing Systems, Reports, and Specifications

  • Java Electronic Commerce Framework (JECF)

  • Object Management Group (OMG) Electronic Commerce Reference Model

  • Open Trading Protocol (OTP)

  • Secure Electronic Market Place for Europe (SEMPER)

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Review existing systems reports and specifications2

Review Existing Systems, Reports, and Specifications

  • CEN/TC 224 - ISO/TC 68/SC 6, Group for Standardization on Electronic Commerce

  • JTC 1/SC 27 ad hoc Group GII Security

  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), “Measuring Electronic Commerce” [OCDE/GD(97)185]

  • “Consumer Requirements In Electronic Commerce”, Norway

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Review existing systems reports and specifications3

Review Existing Systems, Reports, and Specifications

  • “Measuring Information Society 1997”, Information Society Activity Centre, of the European Commission.

  • “Eurobarometer”: 16000 interviews in all European Union countries, measuring interest in new information and communication technologies

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Iso iec jtc1 caw cultural adaptation workshop

ISO/IEC JTC1 CAW (Cultural Adaptation Workshop)

  • Information technology systems that address differing needs of users, cultures, regulations: Localization (L10N) vs. Internationalization (I18N)

  • Not specific to electronic commerce

  • Important area because it defines the “semantics” of the transactions

  • http://www.itscj.ipsj.or.jp/caw

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Ansi iisp information infrastructure standards panel

ANSI IISP (Information Infrastructure Standards Panel)

  • Coordinates US GII activity

  • Identifies cross-industry standards needs

  • Origin: White House NII initiative by Vice President Al Gore; now global perspective

  • 160+ standards needs identified in many areas: security, nomadicity, electronic publications, multimedia, networking, appliances, etc.: http://www.ansi.org/iisp

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Next step catalog problems

Next Step: Catalog Problems

  • Review problem before proposing solution

  • Several perspectives, stakeholders

  • Catalog problems

  • Better understanding of problem

  • Better solutions

  • Useful, interoperable, widely adopted standards

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Main areas of standardization

Main Areas of Standardization

  • User interfaces

  • Basic functions

  • Definition and encoding of data and other objects

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


User interfaces

User Interfaces

  • Icons

  • Dialogue design principles

  • Customer profiles

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Basic functions

Basic Functions

  • Trading protocols

  • Payment methods

  • Security mechanisms

  • Identification and authentication

  • Auditing and recordkeeping

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Definition and encoding of data and other objects

Definition and Encoding of DataAnd Other Objects

  • IT-enablement of existing standards

  • Techniques for defining message semantics

  • Localization (L10N)

  • Registration authorities

  • Value domains

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Trading protocols the transaction

Trading Protocols:The Transaction

  • Financial Events: debits and credits associated with the accounting systems of the parties of the transaction

  • Business Process: customary steps and flow of a certain type of business

  • Information Bundles: information attached to the steps of the business process and/or to the financial events

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Payment methods

Payment Methods

  • Existing Work: CyberCash, CyberCoin, DigiCash ecash, E-check, e-COMM, Electronic Purse Systems (e.g., Mondex, GeldKarte, Clip, prEN 1546), EMV, Home Banking Computer Interface (HBCI), JEPI, Millicent, Proton, Secure Electronic Transactions (SET), Visa Cash

  • Standards Work: ANSI X9, ECBS (European Committee on Banking Stds)

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Security mechanisms

Security Mechanisms

  • Integrity of Transactions and Information

  • Digital Signatures

    • Harmonize methods

    • Need common signing method for consumer

  • Key Management Infrastructure

  • Standards Work: JTC1/SC27, TC68, IETF PKIX, IEEE P1363

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Identification authentication

Identification, Authentication

  • Confidentiality

  • Anonymity

  • Identifiers

  • Authentication

  • Standards Work: JTC1/SC27, JTC1/SC31, JTC1/SC32, TC68

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Auditing recordkeeping

Auditing, Recordkeeping

  • Still many open issues

  • Internationalization (I18N) increases complexity of harmonization: How are systems audited across country borders?

  • Too new to define

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Next steps current activity

Next Steps: Current Activity

  • Review problem before proposing solution

  • Several perspectives, stakeholders

  • Catalog problems

  • Better understanding of problem

  • Better solutions

  • Useful, interoperable, widely adopted standards

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Years away common standard solutions

Years Away:Common, Standard Solutions

  • Review problem before proposing solution

  • Several perspectives, stakeholders

  • Catalog problems

  • Better understanding of problem

  • Better solutions

  • Useful, interoperable, widely adopted standards

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Summary and conclusions

Summary and Conclusions

  • Review problem before proposing solution

    • Mostly complete

    • Still to come: regulatory issues, cultural issues, agreement on security/fraud/audit methods

  • Several perspectives, stakeholders

    • Review is complete

  • Catalog problems

    • Complete; localization issues are, well, local

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Summary and conclusions1

Summary and Conclusions

  • Better understanding of problem

    • Yes, but ... important issues still to resolve

    • Affects integration, e.g., security, nomadicity

  • Better solutions

  • Useful, interoperable, widely adopted standards

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Electronic commerce links

Electronic Commerce Links

  • EBES / EWOS: European Board on EDI Standardization / European Workshop for Open Systemshttp://www.cenorm.be/isss

  • ECOM (of Japan): Electronic Commerce Promotion Council (of Japan)http://www.ecom.or.jp/eng/index.htm

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Electronic commerce links1

Electronic Commerce Links

  • e-COMMhttp://www.e-comm.fr/anglais/sommaire.html

  • EMV: The Europay International, MasterCard International and Visa International Consortiumhttp://www.visa.com/cgi-bin/vee/nt/chip/download.html?2+0

  • JECF: Java Electronic Commerce Framework http:/java.sun.com

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Electronic commerce links2

Electronic Commerce Links

  • JEPI: Joint Electronic Payment Initiative (from CommerceNet and W3C)http://www.w3c.org

  • OBI: Open Buying on the Internethttp://www.supplyworks.com/obi/

  • OECD: Organisation for EconomicCo-operation and Developmenthttp://www.oecd.org

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Electronic commerce links3

Electronic Commerce Links

  • OMG: Object Management Grouphttp://www.omg.org

  • OTP: Open Trading Protocolhttp://www.otp.org

  • SEMPER: Secure Electronic Market Place for Europe http://www.semper.org

  • SET: Secure Electronic Transactionshttp://www.setco.org/

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Other links

Other Links

  • Business Team on Electronic Commerce Report: JTC1/N5296 http://www.jtc1.org

  • ISO-IEC JTC1 CAW: Cultural Adaptability Workshophttp://www.itscj.ipsj.or.jp/caw

  • ANSI IISP: American National Standards Institute, Information Infrastructure Standards Panelhttp://www.ansi.org/iisp

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


Other links1

Other Links

  • Cross-Standards Collaboration Activity (links to GII standards and consortia)http://www.GlobalCollaboration.ORG

  • Frank Farance, Farance Inc.Phone: +1 212 486 4700E-mail: [email protected]://www.farance.com

  • This presentation at: http://www.farance.com/ifip

Frank Farance, IFIP 1998


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