History 107
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History 107. Augustan Reforms Succession. Social Changes. The prominence of freedmen. Social Changes. The prominence of upper-class women. Elite Women in the Late Republic. Educated Growing tolerance of freedom of action. Army Reforms. Standing professional army Branches of service

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History 107

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History 107

History 107

Augustan Reforms

Succession


Social changes

Social Changes

  • The prominence of freedmen


Social changes1

Social Changes

  • The prominence of upper-class women


Elite women in the late republic

Elite Women in the Late Republic

  • Educated

  • Growing tolerance of freedom of action


Army reforms

Army Reforms

  • Standing professional army

  • Branches of service

  • 28 legions


New terms of service

New terms of service

  • Oath in the name of the emperor

  • Standardized retirement bonuses


New terms of service1

New Terms of Service

  • For legionaries,


How to pay for this

How to pay for this?

  • aerarium Saturni – the old state treasury

  • aerarium militare –


How to pay for this1

How to pay for this?

  • fiscus –

  • patrimonium Caesaris –


Social reforms

Social Reforms

  • Regulation of manumissions

  • Free grain to only


Family values

Family Values

  • 18BC: lex Julia de Adulteriis; 9AD: lex Papia Poppaea


Religion

Religion

  • Reinstitution of old practices

  • temples restored

  • Augustus


The ara pacis

The Ara Pacis

  • The “Altar of Augustan Peace”

  • Proposed in 13BCE by Senate


Government

Government

  • Changes in voting procedure

  • Proposal of legislation

  • Popular support


The problem of succession

The problem of succession

  • Family concerns

  • Cannot let power go


The candidates

The candidates

  • Marcellus – nephew and son-in-law

  • Agrippa – friend and son-in-law


The candidates1

The Candidates

  • Lucius and Gaius – sons of Agrippa and Julia

    • adopted by Augustus in 17BC

    • die in AD 2 and 4, respectively

  • Tiberius – son of Livia, son-in-law


The end

The End!

  • Julia exiled for adultery in 2BC

  • Augustus dies in AD14, Tiberius succeeds

  • What will happen next?


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