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History 107. Augustan Reforms Succession. Social Changes. The prominence of freedmen. Social Changes. The prominence of upper-class women. Elite Women in the Late Republic. Educated Growing tolerance of freedom of action. Army Reforms. Standing professional army Branches of service

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history 107

History 107

Augustan Reforms

Succession

social changes
Social Changes
  • The prominence of freedmen
social changes1
Social Changes
  • The prominence of upper-class women
elite women in the late republic
Elite Women in the Late Republic
  • Educated
  • Growing tolerance of freedom of action
army reforms
Army Reforms
  • Standing professional army
  • Branches of service
  • 28 legions
new terms of service
New terms of service
  • Oath in the name of the emperor
  • Standardized retirement bonuses
new terms of service1
New Terms of Service
  • For legionaries,
how to pay for this
How to pay for this?
  • aerarium Saturni – the old state treasury
  • aerarium militare –
how to pay for this1
How to pay for this?
  • fiscus –
  • patrimonium Caesaris –
social reforms
Social Reforms
  • Regulation of manumissions
  • Free grain to only
family values
Family Values
  • 18BC: lex Julia de Adulteriis; 9AD: lex Papia Poppaea
religion
Religion
  • Reinstitution of old practices
  • temples restored
  • Augustus
the ara pacis
The Ara Pacis
  • The “Altar of Augustan Peace”
  • Proposed in 13BCE by Senate
government
Government
  • Changes in voting procedure
  • Proposal of legislation
  • Popular support
the problem of succession
The problem of succession
  • Family concerns
  • Cannot let power go
the candidates
The candidates
  • Marcellus – nephew and son-in-law
  • Agrippa – friend and son-in-law
the candidates1
The Candidates
  • Lucius and Gaius – sons of Agrippa and Julia
    • adopted by Augustus in 17BC
    • die in AD 2 and 4, respectively
  • Tiberius – son of Livia, son-in-law
the end
The End!
  • Julia exiled for adultery in 2BC
  • Augustus dies in AD14, Tiberius succeeds
  • What will happen next?
ad