Chapter 17 the progressive era 1890 1920 section 4 roosevelt s square deal
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Chapter 17 The Progressive Era (1890-1920) Section 4 Roosevelt’s Square Deal. US 2 Mr. Perry. Teddy Roosevelt. Graduated from Harvard in 1880 Assistant Sec of Navy Served in Spanish American War NY Governor VP under Prez McKinley in 1900. TR becomes President.

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Chapter 17 the progressive era 1890 1920 section 4 roosevelt s square deal

Chapter 17 The Progressive Era (1890-1920)Section 4Roosevelt’s Square Deal

US 2

Mr. Perry


Teddy roosevelt
Teddy Roosevelt

  • Graduated from Harvard in 1880

  • Assistant Sec of Navy

  • Served in Spanish American War

  • NY Governor

  • VP under Prez McKinley in 1900


Tr becomes president
TR becomes President

  • In 1901 while President McKinley is assassinated by Leon Czogolsz in Buffalo NY at the Pan American Exposition

  • The assassin was Leon Czolgosz, an unemployed anarchist who had lost faith in the government

  • After just a few months as VP, Teddy Roosevelt was now the President of the United States


Tr s square deal
TR’s “Square Deal”

  • TR’s idea of “Square Deal” meant that all people would receive equal treatment from the government

  • One of his 1st challenges arose when coal miners went on strike in PA

  • Roosevelt intervened when the owners refused to give in to workers demands

  • In the end Roosevelt used an unbiased arbitrator who granted a small pay raise to workers

  • He also established the Department of Commerce and Labor to monitor the actions of business and workers


Tr trust busting and regulating industry
TR Trust-busting and Regulating Industry

Railroads

  • Elkins Act

  • Hepburn Act

Food and Drug

Companies

  • Meat Inspection Act

  • Pure Food and Drug Act


Tr managing the environment pages 572 574
TR Managing the EnvironmentPages 572-574

  • Who was John Muir?

  • What position did Gifford Pinchot hold and what did he recommend of the environment?

  • What did the National Reclamation Act do?




Roosevelt and taft split the republican party
Roosevelt and Taft Split the Republican Party

  • In 1908 TR decides not to run for reelection but uses his popularity to help get his friend William Taft elected

  • Taft passed the Payne Aldrich Tariff, which TR wanted, but did not lower tariffs as much as TR had hoped

  • Taft, also a Progressive, broke up twice as many trusts(monopolies) as TR but allowed some larger trusts to remain

  • He was also the first President to propose a federal income tax (passed later by Wilson)


Roosevelt and taft split the republican party1
Roosevelt and Taft Split the Republican Party

  • TR would become furious when Taft fired his environmental advisor Gifford Pinchot

  • Pinchot had criticized Sec of Interior Richard Ballinger over the sale of coal rich land in Alaska

  • When TR decided to return to politics and run for President in 1912, Progressives formed their own party and backed TR

  • Taft would run as a Republican but neither stood much chance with the Republican vote split

  • The Democrats nominated Woodrow Wilson, Governor of NJ



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