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Rates of Growth & DecayPowerPoint Presentation

Rates of Growth & Decay

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Rates of Growth & Decay. Example (1) - a.

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Example (1) - a

The size of a colony of bacteria was 100 million at 12 am and 200 million at 3am. Assuming that the relative rate of increase of the colony at any moment is directly proportional to its size ( the rate of the growth of the bacteria population is constant), find:1. The size of the colony at 3pm.2. The time it takes the colony to quadruple in size.

3. Find the (absolute) growth rate function4. How fast the size of the colony was growing at 12 noon.

Example (1) - b

The population of a town was 100 thousands in the year 1997 and 200 thousands in the year 2000. Assuming that the rate of increase of the population at any moment is directly proportional to its size ( the relative rate of the growth of the population is constant), find:1. The population of the town in 2012.2. The number of years it takes for the population to quadruple.

3. Find the (absolute) growth rate function4. How fast the population was growing in 2012.

Example (1) – a*

The size of a colony of bacteria was 100 million at 12 am and 400 million at 2am. Assuming that the rate of increase of the colony at any moment is directly proportional to its size, find:1. The size of the colony at 1am.2. The time it takes the colony to reach 800 million.

Example (1) - c

A loan shark lends money at an annual compound interest rate of 100%. An unfortunate man borrowed 1000 Riyals at the beginning of 2014. 1. How much will the loan reach in 2015 ( the end of 2014)?2. When will the loan reach reach 8000 Riyals?

Example (2) - a

A mass of a radioactive element has decreased from 200 to 100 grams in 3 years. Assuming that the rate of decay at any moment is directly proportional to the mass( the relative rate of the decay of the element is constant), find:1. The mass remaining after another15 years.2. The time it takes the element to decay to a quarter of its original mass.3. The half-life of the element

3. Find the (absolute) growth decay function4. How fast the mass was decaying at the twelfth year.

Example (2) – a*

A mass of a radioactive element has decreased from 1000 g to 999 grams in 8 years and 4 months. Assuming that the rate of decay at any moment is directly proportional to the mass( the relative rate of the decay of the element is constant), find the half-life of he element.

Note

We can find the half-life T1/2in terms of the constant k or the latter in terms of the former ( T1/2 = ln2/k Or k = ln2 / T1/2) and use that to find k when T1/2 is known or find T1/2 when k is known.

Deducing the Relationship Between half-life T1/2and the constant k

Carbon Dating

- Carbon (radiocarbon) dating is a radiometric dating technique that uses the decay of carbon-14 (C-14 or 14C) to estimate the age of organic materials or fossilized organic materials, such as bones or wood.
- The decay of C-14 follows an exponential (decay) model.
- The time an amount of C-14 takes to decay by half is called the half-life of C-14 and it is equal about 5730 years. Measuring the the remaining proportion of C-14, in a fossilized bone, for example to the amount known to be in a live bone gives an estimation of its age.

Example (2) - b

It was decided that a discovered fossilized bone of an animal has 25% of the C-14 that a bone of that live animal has. Knowing that the half-life of C-14 is approximately 5730 years and that its decay follows exponential model, find, the age of the bone.

Solution:

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