Parliamentary democracy how does it work
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Parliamentary Democracy. How Does It Work?. WE will try to answer these questions: . What do you think “Democracy” means? How does democracy work? Is the British Monarchy anti-democratic? Who rules the country in fact? The monarch or Parliament?. What do you think “democracy” means?

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Parliamentary Democracy. How Does It Work?

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Parliamentary democracy how does it work

Parliamentary Democracy.

How Does It Work?


We will try to answer these questions

WE will try to answer these questions:

  • What do you think “Democracy” means?

  • How does democracy work?

  • Is the British Monarchy anti-democratic?

  • Who rules the country in fact? The monarch or Parliament?


Parliamentary democracy how does it work

What do you think “democracy” means?

  • People do what they want.

  • People rule the country.

  • People do what they want within the framework of law.

  • People elect their representatives to rule the country.

  • People elect the head of the state directly.

  • People say what they think.

  • People can live in any place they choose.

  • The head of the state guarantees the rights of citizens.

  • All people and authorities follow the constitution.


Parliamentary democracy how does it work

Cross out the words that don’t match the idea of democracy. Explain your choice.

Ethnic harmony

integration

separatism

democratic

constitutional

peace

liberal

racist


Political system of great britain the united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland

Political system of Great Britain(The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)

In GB there is a constitutional monarchy


Parliamentary democracy how does it work

Officially the head of the state is

the Queen

ElizabethII

Real name: Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor


Parliamentary democracy how does it work

but Britain is administered from the Palace of Westminister in London also known as the Houses of Parliament

In GB the Parliament is made up of two chambers:

The House of Commons and The House of Lords


Parliamentary democracy how does it work

Parliament represents the legislative branch.


Parliamentary democracy how does it work

Parliament consists of two chambers or

houses:

the House of Lords

the House of Commons


The house of lords

The House of Lords

Benches in the Houses of Lords are coloured red. The Throne and canopy are located at one end of the chamber.


The house of lords1

The House of Lords

  • is not elected. It consists of

  • Lords spiritual - 24 bishops of the Church of England.

  • Lords Temporal – 764 peers,

  • persons who holds any of the five grades of the British nobility:

  • Duke [dju:k](герцог),

  • Marquess[‘ma:kwis](маркиз),

  • Earl (граф),

  • Viscount[‘vaicaunt](виконт),

  • Baron (барон)


The house of lords2

The House of Lords

  • Before 1999 year’s reform members of the House of Lords were not elected, but they inherited their seats from their fathers, so they were hereditary peers

  • Now there are only 2 members of the House of Lords are hereditary peers accordingly their traditional ceremonial posts

  • The others,elected by the whole House of Lords and by political parties, are called life peers


Parliamentary democracy how does it work

The House of Commons

  • Speaker’s chair

  • Government

  • benches

  • Opposition benches

  • Galleries for visitors

  • Press gallery


The house of commons

The House of Commons

  • MPs are elected by the British public

  • The House of Commons has 650members

  • The chairman is called the Speaker


Election s

Elections

  • Are held every five years

  • Voting is not compulsory and is from the age of 21

  • The party which wins the most seats forms the government

  • The leader of the winning party becomes the Prime Minister


Parliamentary democracy how does it work

The Cabinet is a committee of ministers. There are 20 Ministers.


The most important ministers

Responsibility

Government spendingгосударственные расходы

Presents the Budget annually in March

Minister

Chancellor of the Exchequerканцлер казначейства (министр финансов Великобритании)

The most important ministers…


The most important ministers1

Foreign Secretary

Responsibility

Relations with other countries

The most important ministers…


The most important ministers2

Home Secretaryминистр внутренних дел Великобритании

Responsibility

Internal relations

The police

Law and order

Law courts

The most important ministers…


Parliamentary democracy how does it work

Complete the facts below with the suitable words or word combinations.

  • The letters “MP” mean the _______________________________.

  • Parliament is made up of the two chambers: the ______________ and the _____________.

  • The members of the _____________ are not elected.

  • In the United Kingdom ___________ is held every four or five years.

  • The party which wins the majority of seats in the General Election forms the _________.

  • The leader of the winning party becomes the __________________.

  • The members of the party of Parliament that did not win the election form the _________ to the Government.


Parliamentary democracy how does it work

Answer the questions

  • Who is the head of the British Government?

  • How many ministers are there in the cabinet?

  • How many Houses does Parliament consist of?

  • What are they?

  • Who is in the House of Commons?

  • Who elects them?

  • How many MPs are there?

  • Are the Lords elected?


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