Nationalism
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Nationalism. What you need to know. McCulloch v. Maryland John Quincy Adams & his border treaties Monroe Doctrine Missouri Compromise. Nationalism. Belief that national interests are most important More than state or regional. Dem-Reps President Congress Most citizens Federalists

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Nationalism

Nationalism


What you need to know

What you need to know

  • McCulloch v. Maryland

  • John Quincy Adams & his border treaties

  • Monroe Doctrine

  • Missouri Compromise


Nationalism1

Nationalism

  • Belief that national interests are most important

  • More than state or regional


Politics in early 1800s

Dem-Reps

President

Congress

Most citizens

Federalists

Court system

Court decisions usually favored national gov over states

Politics in early 1800s


Mcculloch v maryland

McCulloch v. Maryland

  • MD put state tax on Bank of US

  • Tried to run it out of business

  • Argued Congress had no right to form a national bank

    • Const. didn’t list it as allowed power


Mcculloch v maryland1

McCulloch v. Maryland

  • Supreme Court decided:

  • Congress has powers that aren’t listed in Constitution

    • Made national gov stronger than the states

  • Necessary and Proper Clause


1816 1820 elections

1816 & 1820 elections

  • James Monroe (D-R) won both elections easily

  • 1820 – actually ran unopposed


President review

President review

  • Washington( - , VA)1788, 1792

  • Adams (Fed, MA)1796

  • Jefferson(DR, VA)1800, 1804

  • Madison(DR, VA)1808, 1812

  • Monroe(DR, VA)1816, 1820


John quincy adams

John Quincy Adams

  • James Monroe’s Sec of State

    • Became next Pres.

  • Secured national borders

  • Allowed US to concentrate on internal issues


Border treaties

Border treaties

  • Demilitarized Canada border (1817)

  • Set exact US-Canada border (1818)

  • Spain gave Florida to US & agreed on border in west (1819)


Monroe doctrine

Monroe Doctrine

  • Written by JQA

  • European countries were trying to rebuild colonies in Americas

    • Spain, Portugal, Russia

  • US felt threatened


Monroe doctrine1

Monroe Doctrine

  • Pres Monroe announced that:

    • US won’t get involved in Europe

    • US won’t bother existing colonies in N&S America

    • US won’t allow Europe to build new colonies in N&S America

    • Warning to European countries


Missouri compromise 1820

Missouri Compromise – 1820

  • When territory’s population hit 60,000, could ask to be a state

  • Before 1818 – 20 states in US

    • 10 slave / 10 free

    • Power balance in Senate


Missouri compromise 18201

Missouri Compromise – 1820

  • Slave & free state usually admitted as a pair

    • North had higherpopulation – held control over House

    • South scared of losing balance of power in Senate


Missouri compromise 18202

Missouri Compromise – 1820

  • 1818 – IL joins as 11th free state

  • Missouri up for admission

    • Was a slave state

    • Northern Congressmen tried to make Missouri free their slaves

    • Would upset balance in Senate


Missouri compromise 18203

Missouri Compromise – 1820

  • South went ballistic

    • AL admitted instead of MO

  • South nearly seceded & started the Civil War (40 years early)


Missouri compromise 18204

Missouri Compromise – 1820

  • Henry Clay worked out temporary compromise

    • Admit Maine as free state

    • Admit Missouri as slave state

    • No new slave states north of 36°30’N except Missouri


Missouri compromise 18205

Missouri Compromise – 1820


What you need to know1

What you need to know

  • McCulloch v. Maryland

  • John Quincy Adams & his border treaties

  • Monroe Doctrine

  • Missouri Compromise


James monroe what do we need to know

James Monroe…what do we need to know?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cwvHtkCusHo&feature=relmfu


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