History of Conservation Biology. Development of Western Conservation Attitudes. philosophies and ideals may be traced to the late 1800s pragmatic utilitarianism - natural resource disciplines and government agencies romantic preservationists - wilderness advocacy
rejected material goals and sought harmony through the contemplation of nature.Ralph Waldo Emerson
naturalist, author, and philosopher contemplation of nature.
"In wilderness is the preservation of the world."Henry David Thoreau
naturalist and writer who stimulated interest in the natural history of the western mountains.John Muir (1838-1914)
Prussian trained forester territories
1st director of Forestry in USGifford Pinchot