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NHS Continuing Healthcare How to challenge a decision. Lisa Morgan 24 September 2014. Agenda. What is NHS Continuing Healthcare Process of assessment - how they assess, who is involved and when assessments should take place The National Framework and Decision Support Tool

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Nhs continuing healthcare how to challenge a decision

NHS Continuing HealthcareHow to challenge a decision

Lisa Morgan

24 September 2014


  • What is NHS Continuing Healthcare

  • Process of assessment - how they assess, who is involved and when assessments should take place

  • The National Framework and Decision Support Tool

  • Challenging decisions - how decisions are challenged and the process

  • Practical tips - record/evidence keeping etc

What is nhs funded continuing health care
What is NHS Funded Continuing Health Care?

  • A package of care arranged and funded solely by the NHS, which can be received in a hospital, nursing home or at the individual’s home.

  • Intended to cover the entire cost of care, including all medical care, nursing care, personal care, living costs and accommodation costs.

Local authority
Local authority Healthcare?

If you have capital over £24,000 you have to pay the full cost of care

If you are under the threshold, you contribute from your income

New national framework
New National Framework Healthcare?

  • Original framework introduced in May 2010, came into effect from 16 August 2010

  • New Framework to be implementation 1 October 2014

  • Decision Support Tool – to assist decision making

Challenges to eligibility decision
Challenges to eligibility decision Healthcare?

Section 5 – Disputes & Appeals

Individuals should be informed of the decision about eligibility & their right to request a review.

Request a copy of the assessment and any documents used to support the decision

Assessments should be disciplinary

Review process
Review process Healthcare?

Each LHB will have a local review process

External peer review (from another Directorate or LHB)

Local review process will include a meeting with the individual

Independent Review Panel

Review process1
Review Process Healthcare?

  • An individual may apply for a review of the decision if they are dissatisfied with:

    • The procedure followed by the LHB in reaching its decision on the individual’s eligibility for CHC, or

    • The application of the primary health need consideration.

  • LHBs must give this request due consideration, taking into account all the information available, inclu any additional information form the individual and/or representative

Independent review panel
Independent Review Panel Healthcare?

  • Annex 5 – Setting Up a Review Panel

  • No automatic right to a panel, LHB can decide not to convene a panel. However, this is only where the patient falls well outside the eligibility criteria

  • Purpose of the panel:

    • Check the proper procedures have been followed in reaching decisions about the need for NHS CHC and NHS FNC

    • To ensure that the primary health need approach in determining eligibility for NHS CHC and NHS FNC are properly and consistently applied

    • The panel’s role is not to consider the content of the eligibility criteria, they type & location of care, the content of any alternative care package offered or their treatment or any other aspect of the services they are receiving or have received.

Primary health need p 35 36

Primary Health Need – Healthcare?p.35 &36

Sole Criterion for Eligibility: whether a person’s primary need is a health need. This replaces all previous documents

Whether someone is eligible you need to consider the nature, intensity, complexity or unpredictability of needs.

Each of the above characteristics may alone or in combination demonstrate a primary health need, because of the quality and/or quantity of care required. The totality of the overall needs and effects of the interaction of needs should be considered

National framework
National Framework Healthcare?

  • Decisions should be made by NHS multi- disciplinary teams

  • Based on a comprehensive assessment of physical, mental, psychological and emotional needs

  • Specialist assessments should be conducted, where appropriate

Timescale Healthcare?

  • Assessment should take place in a ‘timely & consistent fashion’

  • The time taken for assessments and agreeing a care package should be completed in 8 weeks from initial trigger to agreeing a care package

  • It’s only in exceptional circumstances that the LHB does not accept the MDTs advice

  • LHB must fund commences from the date of the MDT or reimbursed if necessary

  • MDT should also advise, if in their professional judgement they can identify when the primary health need became evident & individual should be reimbursed

How decisions should be made
How decisions should be made? Healthcare?

  • Full comprehensive assessment undertaken

  • Use of the Decision Support Tool (DST) is mandatory

  • The DST sets levels of needs in 12 care domains

  • Each domain has a level of care

Decision support tool
Decision Support Tool Healthcare?

  • 12 care domains

  • Establishing a Primary Health Need

  • A level of priority in any of the four domains that carry this level

  • Two or more incidences of identified severe need

Decision support tool1
Decision Support Tool Healthcare?

If there is:

  • One domain recorded as severe, together with needs in a number of other domains, or

  • A number of domains with high and/or moderate needs,

    Can indicate a primary health need

DST Healthcare?

Behaviour Healthcare?

  • Looks at challenging behaviour:

  • Aggression, violence or passive non-aggressive behaviour

  • Severe disinhibition

  • Intractable noisiness or restlesness

  • Resistance to necessary care and treatment

  • Severe fluctuations in mental state

  • Extreme frustration associated with communication difficulties

  • Inappropriate interference with others

  • Identified high risk of suicide

Behaviour Healthcare?

  • Things to consider when scoring this domain:

  • The risk of the behaviour to self and others

  • How the behaviour is managed and patient’s response

  • The frequency of the behaviour

  • The severity of the behaviour

    Records and Care Plans/Risk Assessments are very important

Cognition Healthcare?

  • Mainly relevant for patients’ suffering from dementia and Alzheimer's disease.

  • Need to consider:

  • Short-term memory

  • Long-term memory

  • Ability to make decisions

  • Orientation to time, place, person etc

  • Ability to assess risks

  • Key to the difference between Severe and High level of need is long-term memory loss in addition.

Psychological and emotional
Psychological and Emotional Healthcare?

  • Need to consider:

  • Mood disturbance

  • Hallucinations

  • Anxiety

  • Distress

  • Depression

  • Are they withdrawn? Do they engage in care planning or daily activities

  • How they respond to reassurance

  • Key is the impact on their health and/or wellbeing

Communication Healthcare?

  • This domain deals with difficulties with expression and understanding.

  • Includes verbal and non-verbal communication

  • Are needs anticipated due to familiarity

  • How reliable is the communication

Mobility Healthcare?

  • Need to consider:

  • Ability to weight bear

  • Any aids/assistance required eg hoist, zimmer frame

  • Ability to mobilise

  • Risk of falls (up to date risk assessment is key)

  • If immobile can they reposition themselves independently

  • Any limb contractures

  • How are they transferred

Nutrition Healthcare?

  • Need to consider the following:

  • Can they eat independently

  • If they need feeding how long does it take

  • Do they need prompting and/or supervision

  • Are they PEG fed and is it problematic

  • Any dysphagia/risk of choking

  • Normal diet or pureed or soft

  • Risk Assessment

  • Weight loss

  • Any SALT or Dietician intervention

  • Food fluid charts

Continence Healthcare?

  • Need to consider:

  • Urinary incontinent

  • Faecal incontinence

  • UTIs

  • Constipation

  • Catheter/sheath/conveen/stoma

  • Management of incontinence

Skin including tissue viability
Skin (including tissue viability) Healthcare?

  • Any condition which affects or has the potential to affect the integrity of the skin. Need to consider:

  • Waterlow or risk assessment score

  • Any preventative action and the frequency

  • Any pressure relieving equipment eg regular turning, pressure relieving mattress

  • Any wounds including pressure sores and the treatment and how they respond to treatment

  • Any dressing regime

  • Any involvement from Tissue Viability Nurse, GP etc

Breathing Healthcare?

  • Need to consider:

  • Shortness of breath

  • Any use of inhalers and/or nebulisers

  • Impact on activities

  • Any oxygen use

  • Tracheotomy

  • Suction

Drug therapies and medication
Drug Therapies and Medication Healthcare?

  • Need to consider:

  • Supervision/administration and/or prompting

  • Compliance or non-compliance with medication

  • Pain, how it responds to medication and impact on daily living

  • Type of medication

  • Route of medication

  • Supervision and monitoring due to fluctuations and/or risks

  • PRN medication

  • Is the medication effective

Altered states of consciousness
Altered States of Consciousness Healthcare?

  • Need to consider:

  • Any history of ASC

  • TIAs, stoke, epilepsy, fits etc

  • Frequency of any ASC

  • Severity of any ASC

  • What intervention is required

How decisions should be made1
How decisions should be made? Healthcare?

  • Are they of a nature which exceed what the local authority could provide assuming they are still responsible for the provision of registered nursing care

  • If cannot decide the level the MDT should choose the higher of the levels under consideration

  • Where a particular effect of a condition could be reflected in more than one domain it can be recorded in both and noted.


Decision Healthcare?

The decision should be a multi-disciplinary one based on an assessment using an assessment tool used to assist the decision making process

Supported by evidence collated during the assessment

Reasons for the decision will be documented on the assessment record

Decision in writing

Information of assessment, review and complaints process should be part of the information provided

Primary health need
Primary Health Need Healthcare?

  • Once the DST has been completed and eligibility is not automatically identified the individual’s needs should be considered in totality to determine whether they have a primary health need

  • The nature, intensity, complexity and unpredictability of the needs should be considered.

  • NATURE- describes the particular characteristics of an individual’s needs and the type and effect of those needs and the quality of interventions required

  • INTENSITY- relates to the extent (quantity) and severity (degree) of the needs and the support required to meet them. Including the need for ongoing care.

Primary health need1
Primary Health Need Healthcare?

  • COMPLEXITY- this is concerned with how the needs present and interact to increase the skill needed to monitor the symptoms, treat the condition and/or manage the care.

  • UNPREDICTABILITY- this describes the degree to which needs fluctuate, creating challenges in managing them. Also the level of risk to the person’s health if adequate and timely care is not provided. Likely to have fluctuating, or unstable or rapidly deteriorating condition

National framework1
National Framework Healthcare?

Eligibility does not depend on:

  • The setting of care

  • Changes in the competence and the ability of the care provider to manage care

  • The use (or not) of NHS employed staff to provide care

  • The need for/presence of “specialist staff” in care delivery

  • The existence of other NHS funded care or

  • Any other input-related (rather then needs related) rationale

  • Diagnosis of an illness

Questions? Healthcare?

Thank you
THANK YOU Healthcare?

[email protected]


Twitter: @lisa_morgan1